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Achievement Gaps

Achievement gaps occur when one group of students (such as, students grouped by race/ethnicity, gender) outperforms another group and the difference in average scores for the two groups is statistically significant (that is, larger than the margin of error). NCES explored the achievement gaps between Black and White, and Hispanic and White, students using NAEP data to illuminate patterns and changes in these gaps over time, and identify factors that might underlie such gaps. These results are expected to be helpful to those interested in the improvement of education of our children.

How Gaps Can Change Over Time

Read a brief description of how gaps can change over time to help you understand the gap analyses presented in the reports.

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Black-White Achievement Gap Performance

2011 Black-White Gaps Report

Hispanic-White Achievement Gap Performance

2011 Hispanic-White Gaps Report

Last updated 05 July 2019 (DS)