​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Achievement Gaps

School Composition and Black-White Achievement Gap Report Image 
Achievement gaps occur when one group of students (such as, students grouped by race/ethnicity, gender) outperforms another group and the difference in average scores for the two groups is statistically significant (that is, larger than the margin of error). NCES explored the achievement gaps between Black and White, and Hispanic and White, students using NAEP data to illuminate patterns and changes in these gaps over time, and identify factors that might underlie such gaps. These results are expected to be helpful to those interested in the improvement of education of our children. 

School Composition and Black-White Achievement Gap

School Composition and Black-White Achievement Gap Report Cover Thumbnail

Browse the ​executive summary of the report.​Download the full report PDF File (8.6 MB) to find out​ how the demographic makeup of schools and school racial composition relates to achievement.Read the accompanying ​methodology paperPDF File (758 KB) for this report.Browse the data tables​​ describing the study.Read frequently asked questions in the Black-White Achievement Gap Report FAQs​.​

Hispanic-White Achievement Gap Performance

Cover of White-Hispanic Achievement Gap Report

Browse the executive summary of the report. View highlights PDF File (1.7 MB) of the findings.Download the full report PDF File (7.7 MB) to find out more about score gaps over time in the nation and states.Read frequently asked questions in the Hispanic-White report FAQs.Read a statement from Jack Buckley, former Commissioner of the National Center for Education Statistics, and view a PowerPoint presentation about the findings of the Hispanic-White Achievement Gaps report.Read the press release about the results of the Hispanic-White Achievement Gaps report.

Black-White Achievement Gap Performance

Cover of the White-Black Achievement Gap Report

Browse the executive summary of the report. View highlights PDF File (1.0 MB) of the findings. Download the full report​​PDF File​​(1.0 MB) to find out more about score gaps in the nation and states.Read frequently asked questions in the Black-White report FAQs.

Resources for Exploring Achievement Gaps

Read a brief description of how gaps can change over time to help you understand the gap analyses presented in the reports.Explore the achievement gaps in other subjects and in the context of many different student factors, including race/ethnicity, courses taken, school location, and more with the NAEP Data Explorer.Find out more about the achievement gaps in your state compared to others with the NAEP State Comparisons tool.
​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Last updated 22 September 2015 (TO)