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NAEP 2021 student data collection postponed until 2022.

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Assessment Process

The way the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) creates, administers, scores, and reports the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assessments is complex and involves several assessment design phases and stages, many of which overlap one another. This process ensures that The Nation's Report Card meets the highest standards of measurement reliability, validity, and accuracy.

Phase 1
Blueprint map

Develop the Assessment Framework

2 years (approximately)
Identify assessment content and objectives for measurement.
Identify assessment content and objectives for measurement.
Phase 2
Tablet and mouse

Create the Assessment

2–5 years (approximately)
Assemble assessment/digital assessment for delivery.
Assemble assessment/digital assessment for delivery.
Phase 3
School building with student figure highlighted under magnifying glass

Select the Participants

13 months (approximately)
Select NAEP sample of schools and students that are representative of the United States and, as appropriate, specific states and urban school districts. Notify schools and the parents of students who will participate in the assessment.
Select NAEP sample of schools and students that are representative of the United States and, as appropriate, specific states and urban school districts. Notify schools and the parents of students who will participate in the assessment.
Phase 4
Shipping box taped and ready for delivery

Prepare, Package, and Distribute Materials for Assessment Day

8 months (approximately)
Coordinate logistics to ensure the assessment, supporting materials, and equipment are prepared and delivered to assessment administrators.
Coordinate logistics to ensure the assessment, supporting materials, and equipment are prepared and delivered to assessment administrators.
Phase 5
Hand selecting options on tablet

Administer the Assessment

3 months (approximately)
Administer the assessment and survey questionnaires. Participation takes approximately 90–120 minutes of students' time.
Administer the assessment and survey questionnaires. Participation takes approximately 90–120 minutes of students' time.
Phase 6
Sample assessment with correct results circled

Score the Assessment

4–6 months (approximately)
Score assessment answers using electronic image-processing scoring systems and trained staff.
Score assessment answers using electronic image-processing scoring systems and trained staff.
Phase 7
Report of results featuring charts and graphs of data

Analyze and Report the Results

2–6 months (approximately)
Analyze data, develop an online report, and release the results to the public.
Analyze data, develop an online report, and release the results to the public

Last update 13 November 2020 (MB)