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Annual Reports and Information Staff (Annual Reports)

Summary of Topical Studies

Topical studies investigate important education trends in more detail than in the annual Condition of Education. These topical studies include both formal indicator reports and detailed tabulations to support further analyses.

A Retrospective Look at U.S. Education Statistics provides an overview of the history and use of federal education statistics that have been collected and reported by the federal education statistics agency (now the National Center for Education Statistics) since 1868. The “statistical profiles” in this report use updated historical trend data from 120 Years of American Education: A Statistical Portrait to offer an in-depth look at what each statistic measures, how it has been collected over the years, and what the data reveal about the statistic.

Education in the Time of COVID synthesizes highlights from a variety of data sources to provide a composite high-level view of the American education landscape since the onset of the pandemic.

The Education Across America: Cities, Suburbs, Towns, and Rural website is designed for those who are interested in the condition of education in different geographic locales in the United States (i.e., cities, suburbs, towns, and rural areas). This website includes tabulations produced by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) that cover all locales, with indicators and summary reports that focus on specific locales forthcoming in future releases. Rural areas will be the first locale highlighted.

Topical Reports

These indicator reports provide more detailed examinations of topics that are summarized in other NCES reports. Some of these indicator reports are updated periodically while others are one-time reports on topics of particular policy interest. For a full list of topical reports, go to the Annual Reports Publication & Products page.

Topical Resources

These tabulations and resources provide detailed information for further analyses.

NCES annually calculates the allocation of Federal funds for as many as 20 formula allocation programs sponsored by the Department. These range in size from $11.2 billion for Title I to $10 million for Christa McAuliff Scholarships. These calculations are provided as a service by NCES to the Department's Budget Office. The traditional reason given for this service is that NCES provides the statistical accuracy and acumen in an environment that is unbiased and apolitical. Recently, as much as $35 billion in Federal aide to education was allocated by NCES staff.

As noted above, the largest of these formula allocation distributions is the annual allocation for the disadvantaged. Currently known as Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, this is the federal government's largest educational program to assist disadvantaged children. Title I Funds a range of programs that help improve learning for students at risk of educational failure. Such students include low-achieving children in our nation's highest-poverty schools, children with disabilities, Alaska Native and American Indian children, children who are neglected or delinquent, and young children and their family who are in need of family-literacy services.

Below is a copy of our documentation for a number of allocation programs. Included in the documents, are sample runs and copies of the computer coding needed to run the formula allocations. Also, listed is the link to the Census Bureau's website listing the actual school district data used in the Title I allocation formula.

Contact Person: William C. Sonnenberg


This report provides a compilation of statistical information covering recent trends in the development of historically black colleges and universities. The publication contains information on a variety of education statistics including enrollment, degrees conferred, staff, faculty salaries, revenues, and expenditures.

Current Tables From Digest of Education Statistics
Updated Tables

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Conveniently provide a variety of education statistics that analysts may find useful without consulting numerous research documents.

Topical Reports
Table Topics

Special Tables

Elementary and Secondary Enrollment

Public High School Graduates

Public Elementary and Secondary Teachers


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State Education Practices (SEP), which draws primarily on data collected by organizations other than NCES, compiles and disseminates data on state-level elementary and secondary education reform efforts on eight topics:

  • Enrollment and Attendance Policy
  • School Choice
  • High School Completion
  • Early Childhood and Kindergarten
  • Accountability
  • Subject-Specific Policy
  • Staff Qualifications
  • State Assessments