Skip to main content
Skip Navigation

The 2018 NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Study

The 2018 NAEP Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) study is conducted by NCES to examine fourth-grade students’ ability to read passages out loud with sufficient speed, accuracy, and expression, as well as foundational skills to gauge underlying sources of poor fluency. Oral reading fluency and foundational skills are important components of reading that are necessary for successful reading comprehension. Because the NAEP reading assessment measures reading comprehension only, the ORF study provides valuable supplemental information about students who have difficulty in reading comprehension. A nationally representative sample of about 1,800 fourth-graders from 180 public schools participated in the ORF study.

NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Study 2018

For an estimated 1.27 million fourth-grade public school students performing below NAEP Basic, fluent reading of connected text—sufficiently fast and accurate reading of sentences and passages—can be a major challenge.

Young boy focused on reading. Student studying on a computer and a book.

2018 NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Study Task Tutorial

See how the oral reading assessment was administered to fourth-graders in 2018.

NAEP Oral Reading Fluency: Passage Tutorial Video
2018 NAEP ORF Study: Passage Reading Tutorial
Student sitting at desk watching a tutorial on a tablet.
2018 NAEP ORF Study: Word List Reading Tutorial
Student with ear phones listening to words read aloud.
2018 NAEP ORF Study: Pseudoword List Reading Tutorial

Frequently Asked Questions

Learn More

Last updated 03 April 2024 (DS)