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Annual Reports and Information Staff (Annual Reports)

The Condition of Education 2021 At a Glance

More information is available at nces.ed.gov/programs/coe.

Family Characteristics

Characteristics of Children’s Families 2018 2019 Change between years
Highest level of education attained by parents of children under age 18

Percentage who lived in households in which no parent had completed high school

9.4% 9.0%

Percentage whose highest level of education attained by either parent was a bachelor's or higher degree

41.8% 42.6%
Percentage of children under age 18 living in mother-only households 26.4% 26.2%  
Percentage of children under age 18 in families living in poverty 17.5% 16.3%

Preprimary, Elementary, and Secondary Education

Enrollment Rates of Young Children 2018 2019 Change between years
Percentage of 3- to 5-year-olds enrolled in school

3- to 4-year-olds

48% 49%

5-year-olds

86% 86%
Public School Enrollment Fall 2017 Fall 2018
Number of students enrolled in public schools 50.686 million 50.694 million

Prekindergarten through grade 8

35.496 million 35.498 million

Grades 9 through 12

15.190 million 15.196 million
Public Charter School Enrollment Fall 2017 Fall 2018
Number of students enrolled in public charter schools 3.1 million 3.3 million
Percentage of public school students enrolled in charter schools 6% 7%
Number of public charter schools 7,200 7,400
Percentage of public schools that are charter schools 7% 8%
English Language Learners in Public Schools Fall 2017 Fall 2018
Percentage of public school students who were English language learners 10.1% 10.2%
Racial/Ethnic Enrollment in Public Schools Fall 2017 Fall 2018
Percentage of public school students

White

47.596% 47.037%

Black

15.210% 15.128%

Hispanic

26.775% 27.172%

Asian

5.208% 5.276%

Pacific Islander

0.365% 0.366%

American Indian/Alaska Native

0.982% 0.967%

Two or more races

3.864% 4.053%
Private School Enrollment Fall 2015 Fall 2017
Number of students enrolled in private schools 5.8 million 5.7 million
Percentage of all students enrolled in private schools 10.2% 10.1%
Students With Disabilities 2018–19 2019–20
Number of students ages 3–21 receiving special education services 7.1 million 7.3 million
Percentage of public school students ages 3–21 receiving special education services 14.1% 14.4%
Children's Internet Access at Home 2018 2019
Percentage of 3- to 18-year-olds who had home internet access 93.9% 94.6%
Percentage of 3- to 18-year-olds who had home internet access only through smartphone 6.0% 6.5%
Characteristics of Public School Teachers 1999–2000 2017–18
Total number of public school teachers 3.0 million 3.5 million

In elementary schools

1.6 million 1.8 million

In secondary schools

1.4 million 1.8 million
Percentage of public school teachers

Who are female

75% 76%

Who are male

25% 24%

Who held a postbaccalaureate degree

47% 58%

Who held a regular teaching certificate

87% 90%
2011–12 2017–18
Annual base salary of public school teachers1 $59,100 $59,100
Reading Performance 2017 2019
Percentage of students who scored at or above NAEP Proficient2

4th-grade students

37% 35%

8th-grade students

36% 34%
2013 2015

12th-grade students

38% 37%
Mathematics Performance 2017 2019
Percentage of students who scored at or above NAEP Proficient2

4th-grade students

40% 41%

8th-grade students

34% 34%
2013 2015

12th-grade students

26% 25%
Status Dropout Rates 2018 2019
Percentage of 16- to 24-year-olds not enrolled in school who have not completed high school 5.3% 5.1%

Male

6.2% 6.0%

Female

4.4% 4.2%

White

4.2% 4.1%

Black

6.4% 5.6%

Hispanic

8.0% 7.7%

Asian

1.9% 1.8%

Pacific Islander

8.1% 8.0%

American Indian/Alaska Native

9.5% 9.6%

Two or more races

5.2% 5.1%
Public High School Graduation Rates 2017–18 2018–19
Adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR)3 85% 86%
Public School Revenue Sources1 2016–17 2017–18
Total $747 billion $761 billion

Federal

$61 billion $59 billion

State

$351 billion $357 billion

Local

$335 billion $345 billion
Public School Expenditures1 2016–17 2017–18
Total expenditures $749 billion $762 billion
Total expenditures per pupil (in fall enrollment) $14,664 $14,891

Postsecondary Education

Immediate College Enrollment Rate 2018 2019 Change between years
Immediate college enrollment rate of high school completers 69% 66%  

2-year institutions

26% 22%

4-year institutions

44% 44%

White (3-year moving average)

69% 69%

Black (3-year moving average)

58% 57%

Hispanic (3-year moving average)

63% 64%

Asian (3-year moving average)

82% 82%
Undergraduate Enrollment Fall 2018 Fall 2019
Total enrollment 16.616 million 16.565 million

Full-time enrollment

10.266 million 10.220 million

Part-time enrollment

6.350 million 6.345 million
Percentage enrolled in any distance education course 34% 36%

Percentage enrolled exclusively in distance education

14% 15%
Postbaccalaureate Enrollment Fall 2018 Fall 2019
Total enrollment 3.04 million 3.07 million

Full-time enrollment

1.72 million 1.75 million

Part-time enrollment

1.31 million 1.33 million
Percentage enrolled in any distance education course 40% 42%

Percentage enrolled exclusively in distance education

31% 33%
Characteristics of Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions 2017–18 2018–19
Total number of degree-granting institutions with first-year undergraduates 3,900 3,700

Number of 4-year institutions with first-year undergraduates

2,400 2,300

Number of 2-year institutions with first-year undergraduates

1,500 1,300
Characteristics of Postsecondary Faculty Fall 2017 Fall 2018
Number of full-time instructional faculty4 822,500 832,100
Number of part-time instructional faculty 723,100 710,500
Postsecondary Certificates and Degrees Conferred 2017–18 2018–19
Number of degrees/certificates conferred by postsecondary institutions

Certificates

955,500 1,000,000

Associate's degrees

1,011,700 1,036,700

Bachelor's degrees

1,980,700 2,012,900

Master's degrees

820,200 833,700

Doctor's degrees

183,700 187,600
Undergraduate Degree Fields 2017–18 2018–19
Number of bachelor's degrees conferred (top three bachelor's programs)

Business

386,200 390,600

Health professions and related programs

244,900 251,400

Social sciences and history

160,000 160,600
Graduate Degree Fields 2017–18 2018–19
Number of master's degrees conferred (top three master's programs)

Business

192,190 197,090

Education

146,370 146,430

Health professions and related programs

125,230 131,570
Undergraduate Retention and Graduation Rates 2017–18 2018–19
4-year institutions

Retention rate of first-time undergraduates

81.0% 81.3%

Graduation rate (within 6 years of starting program) of first-time, full-time undergraduates

62.4% 63.4%
2-year institutions

Retention rate of first-time undergraduates

62.3% 63.0%

Graduation rate (within 150% of normal time for degree completion) of first-time, full-time undergraduates

32.3% 33.5%
Price of Attending an Undergraduate Institution1 2017–18 2018–19
Average net price at 4-year institutions for first-time, full-time undergraduate students

Public, in-state or in-district5

$13,850 $13,890

Private nonprofit

$27,410 $27,240

Private for-profit

$22,690 $23,830
Sources of Financial Aid 2017–18 2018–19
Percentage of students receiving any financial aid at 4-year institutions 85.691% 85.689%
Percentage of students receiving any financial aid at 2-year institutions 78.151% 79.014%
Postsecondary Institution Revenues1 2017–18 2018–19
Revenue from tuition and fees per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student

Public institutions

$7,980 $7,990

Private nonprofit institutions

$22,710 $22,690

Private for-profit institutions

$17,080 $17,420
Postsecondary Institution Expenses1 2017–18 2018–19
Instruction expenses per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student

Public institutions

$11,000 $11,010

Private nonprofit institutions

$18,990 $19,150

Private for-profit institutions

$4,560 $4,730

Population Characteristics and Economic Outcomes

Educational Attainment of Young Adults 2019 2020 Change between years
Percentage of 25- to 29-year-olds with selected levels of educational attainment

Who had completed at least high school

94% 95%

Who attained an associate's or higher degree

49% 50%

Who attained a bachelor's or higher degree

39% 39%

Who attained a master's or higher degree

9% 9%
Employment and Unemployment Rates by Educational Attainment 2019 2020
Employment rates of 25- to 34-year-olds

Total

79% 78%

Who had not completed high school

57% 57%

Who completed high school as highest level

74% 69%

Who attained a bachelor's or higher degree

87% 86%
Unemployment rates of 25- to 34-year-olds

Total

4% 5%

Who had not completed high school

10% 9%

Who completed high school as highest level

6% 9%

Who attained a bachelor's or higher degree

2% 3%
Annual Earnings by Educational Attainment 2018 2019
Median annual earnings for 25- to 34-year-olds1

Total

$45,700 $46,700

Who completed less than high school

$28,400 $29,300

Who completed high school as highest level

$35,500 $35,000

Who completed some college, but did not attain a degree

$37,000 $39,700

Who attained an associate's degree

$40,700 $40,000

Who attained a bachelor's or higher degree

$59,000 $59,700

Who attained a bachelor's degree

$55,700 $55,700

Who attained a master's or higher degree

$66,200 $70,000

International Comparisons

International Comparisons: Mathematics and Science Achievement at Grades 4 and 8 (2019) U.S. average score TIMSS scale centerpoint U.S. average score in comparison with TIMSS scale centerpoint
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)

Mathematics scores of 4th-grade students

535 500

Mathematics scores of 8th-grade students

515 500

Science scores of 4th-grade students

539 500

Science scores of 8th-grade students

522 500
International Educational Attainment 2018 2019 Change between years
Percentage of the population 25 to 34 years old who completed high school

United States

92.4% 92.8%

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries

84.9% 85.5%
Percentage of the population 25 to 34 years old who attained a postsecondary degree

United States

49.4% 50.4%

OECD countries

44.6% 45.3%
  • LEGEND: ▲ = Higher, ▼ = Lower, Blank = Not measurably different
  • 1 Data are reported in constant 2019–20 dollars, based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
  • 2 NAEP Proficient demonstrates solid academic performance and competency over challenging subject matter.
  • 3 The adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR) is the number of students who graduate in 4 years with a regular high school diploma divided by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort for the graduating class. From the beginning of 9th grade (or the earliest high school grade), students who enter that grade for the first time form a cohort that is "adjusted" by adding any students who subsequently transfer into the cohort and subtracting any students who subsequently transfer out, emigrate to another country, or die.
  • 4 Data are for full-time instructional faculty on 9-month contracts at degree-granting postsecondary institutions.
  • 5 The average net price at public 4-year institutions uses the lower of in-district or in-state average net price.
  • NOTE: Includes only indicators that appear in the Report on the Condition of Education. All calculations within the At a Glance are based on unrounded numbers. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
  • SOURCE: The Condition of Education 2021.