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PIAAC 2017 Adults With Children
Parents and Non-parents, by literacy and numeracy proficiency levels

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Table 1.6. Percent of adults age 16 to 54, by whether or not they have children and proficiency levels on the literacy and numeracy scales: 2012/2014
Characteristics Total Have children
Yes No

† Not applicable.

NOTE: Respondents were asked whether they have children, and were instructed to include stepchildren and children not living in the respondentís household. Standard errors are in parentheses. The population excludes literacy-related non-response and cases for which information on children is not available. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The percentages show, for example, that 78 percent of those with literacy below level 1 have children and that 22 percent of those with literacy below level 1 do not have children.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) 2012/2014

All adults 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 59.5 standard error (0.74) 40.5 standard error (0.74)
Literacy proficiency levels (all)            
Below level 1 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 78.3 standard error (3.72) 21.7 standard error (3.72)
Level 1 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 67.7 standard error (2.10) 32.3 standard error (2.10)
Level 2 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 61.3 standard error (1.41) 38.7 standard error (1.41)
Level 3 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 56.7 standard error (1.45) 43.3 standard error (1.45)
Level 4/5 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 50.7 standard error (2.67) 49.3 standard error (2.67)
Literacy proficiency levels (collapsed)            
Below level 2 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 70.2 standard error (1.55) 29.8 standard error (1.55)
Level 2 and above 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 57.5 standard error (0.92) 42.5 standard error (0.92)
           
Numeracy proficiency levels (all)            
Below level 1 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 71.5 standard error (2.87) 28.5 standard error (2.87)
Level 1 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 64.5 standard error (1.76) 35.5 standard error (1.76)
Level 2 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 60.0 standard error (1.38) 40.0 standard error (1.38)
Level 3 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 55.7 standard error (2.03) 44.3 standard error (2.03)
Level 4/5 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 51.1 standard error (3.45) 48.9 standard error (3.45)
Numeracy proficiency levels (collapsed)            
Below level 2 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 66.5 standard error (1.23) 33.5 standard error (1.23)
Level 1 and above 100.0 standard error (Not applicable †) 57.0 standard error (1.02) 43.0 standard error (1.02)