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PIAAC 2017 Adults With Children
Parents and Non-parents, by literacy and numeracy proficiency levels

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Table 1.3. Number of adults age 16 to 65, by whether or not they have children and proficiency levels on the literacy and numeracy scales: 2012/2014
Characteristics Total Have children
Yes No

NOTE: Respondents were asked whether they have children, and were instructed to include stepchildren and children not living in the respondentís household. Standard errors are in parentheses. The population excludes literacy-related non-response and cases for which information on children is not available. Estimates of number of adults are rounded to the nearest 10 thousand and estimates of standard errors are rounded to the nearest thousand. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) 2012/2014

All adults 197,650,000 standard error (1,019,000) 127,760,000 standard error (1,530,000) 69,900,000 standard error (1,331,000)
Literacy proficiency levels (all)            
Below level 1 8,350,000 standard error (902,000) 6,690,000 standard error (742,000) 1,660,000 standard error (349,000)
Level 1 26,420,000 standard error (1,183,000) 19,190,000 standard error (1,055,000) 7,240,000 standard error (501,000)
Level 2 64,970,000 standard error (1,841,000) 43,180,000 standard error (1,625,000) 21,790,000 standard error (935,000)
Level 3 71,350,000 standard error (1,898,000) 44,220,000 standard error (1,455,000) 27,130,000 standard error (1,177,000)
Level 4/5 26,560,000 standard error (1,429,000) 14,480,000 standard error (889,000) 12,080,000 standard error (1,069,000)
Literacy proficiency levels (collapsed)            
Below level 2 34,780,000 standard error (1,288,000) 25,880,000 standard error (1,046,000) 8,900,000 standard error (533,000)
Level 2 and above 162,880,000 standard error (1,242,000) 101,880,000 standard error (1,605,000) 61,000,000 standard error (1,329,000)
           
Numeracy proficiency levels (all)            
Below level 1 15,980,000 standard error (962,000) 11,840,000 standard error (750,000) 4,140,000 standard error (519,000)
Level 1 38,500,000 standard error (1,411,000) 26,850,000 standard error (1,091,000) 11,650,000 standard error (760,000)
Level 2 66,330,000 standard error (1,821,000) 43,290,000 standard error (1,443,000) 23,030,000 standard error (1,021,000)
Level 3 56,880,000 standard error (1,804,000) 34,720,000 standard error (1,415,000) 22,160,000 standard error (1,207,000)
Level 4/5 19,970,000 standard error (1,383,000) 11,060,000 standard error (890,000) 8,910,000 standard error (918,000)
Numeracy proficiency levels (collapsed)            
Below level 2 54,480,000 standard error (1,645,000) 38,680,000 standard error (1,251,000) 15,790,000 standard error (774,000)
Level 2 and above 143,180,000 standard error (1,549,000) 89,080,000 standard error (1,610,000) 54,100,000 standard error (1,394,000)