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Back to school statistics

Question:
What are the new back to school statistics for 2017?

Response:

Elementary and Secondary Education

Enrollment

In fall 2017, about 50.7 million students will attend public elementary and secondary schools. Of these, 35.6 million will be in prekindergarten through grade 8 and 15.1 million will be in grades 9 through 12. An additional 5.2 million students are expected to attend private elementary and secondary schools. The fall 2017 public school enrollment is expected to be slightly higher than the 50.6 million enrolled in fall 2016 (source).

Of the projected 50.7 million public school students entering prekindergarten through grade 12 in fall 2017, White students will account for some 24.4 million. The remaining 26.3 million will be composed of 8.0 million Black students, 13.6 million Hispanic students, 2.8 million Asian/Pacific Islander students, 0.5 million American Indian/Alaska Native students, and 1.5 million students of Two or more races (source). The percentage of students enrolled in public schools who are White is projected to continue to decline through at least fall 2026, as the enrollments of Hispanic students and Asian/Pacific Islander students increase (source).

In fall 2017, about 1.4 million children are expected to attend public prekindergarten; enrollment in public kindergarten is projected to reach approximately 3.8 million students (source).

About 4.0 million public school students are expected to enroll in 9th grade in fall 2017 (source). Students typically enter American high schools in 9th grade.

Teachers

Public school systems will employ about 3.2 million full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers in fall 2017, such that the number of pupils per FTE teacher—that is, the pupil/teacher ratio—will be 16.1. This ratio is higher than the 2007 ratio of 15.4. A projected 0.4 million FTE teachers will be working in private schools this fall, resulting in an estimated pupil/teacher ratio of 12.2, which is lower than the 2007 ratio of 13.0 (source).

Schools and Districts

In 2014–15, there were about 13,600 public school districts (source) with close to 98,200 public schools, including about 6,700 charter schools (source). In fall 2015, there were about 34,600 private schools offering kindergarten or higher grades (forthcoming).

Expenditures

Current expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools are projected to be $623.5 billion for the 2017–18 school year. The current expenditure per student is projected to be $12,300 for the 2017–18 school year (source).

Attainment

About 3.6 million students are expected to graduate from high school in 2017–18, including 3.3 million students from public high schools and 0.3 million students from private high schools (source).

The percentage of high school dropouts among 16- through 24-year-olds declined from 10.9 percent in 2000 to 5.9 percent in 2015 (source). Reflecting the overall decline in the dropout rate between 2000 and 2015, the rates also declined for White, Black, and Hispanic students.

The percentage of students enrolling in college in the fall immediately following high school completion was 69.2 percent in 2015 (source).

College and University Education

Enrollment

In fall 2017, some 20.4 million students are expected to attend American colleges and universities, constituting an increase of about 5.1 million since fall 2000 (source).

Females are expected to account for the majority of college and university students in fall 2017: about 11.5 million females will attend in fall 2017, compared with 8.9 million males. Also, more students are expected to attend full time (an estimated 12.6 million students) than part time (about 7.8 million students) (source).

Some 7.0 million students will attend 2-year institutions and 13.4 million will attend 4-year institutions in fall 2017. About 17.5 million students are expected to enroll in undergraduate programs and 3.0 million will enroll in postbaccalaureate programs (source).

Increases in the traditional college-age population and rising enrollment rates have contributed to the increase in college and university enrollment. Between 2000 and 2015, the 18- to 24-year-old population rose from approximately 27.3 million to some 31.2 million (source). The percentage of 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in college and university also was higher in 2015 (40.5 percent) than in 2000 (35.5 percent) (source).

In 2015, there were 11.8 million college and university students under age 25 and 8.1 million students 25 years old and over. The numbers of younger and older students increased between 2000 and 2015 (source).

Increasing numbers and percentages of Black and Hispanic students are attending college. Between 2000 and 2015, the percentage of college students who were Black rose from 11.7 to 14.1 percent, and the percentage of students who were Hispanic rose from 9.9 to 17.3 percent (source). Also, the percentage of Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in college and university increased from 21.7 percent in 2000 to 36.6 percent in 2015, and the percentage of Black 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled increased from 30.5 percent to 34.9 percent in that same period (source).

Finance

For the 2015–16 academic year, the average annual price for undergraduate tuition, fees, room, and board was $16,757 at public institutions, $43,065 at private nonprofit institutions, and $23,776 at private for-profit institutions. Charges for tuition and required fees averaged $6,613 at public institutions, $31,411 at private nonprofit institutions, and $14,195 at private for-profit institutions (source).

Attainment

During the 2017–18 school year, colleges and universities are expected to award 1.0 million associate's degrees; 1.9 million bachelor's degrees; 790,000 master's degrees; and 183,000 doctor's degrees (source). In 2014–15, postsecondary institutions awarded 961,000 certificates below the associate's degree level, 1.0 million associate's degrees, 1.9 million bachelor's degrees, 759,000 master's degrees, and 179,000 doctor's degrees (source).

In 2015, about 77.2 percent of 25- to 34-year-olds with a bachelor's or higher degree in the labor force had year-round, full-time jobs, compared with 68.5 percent of those with an associate's degree, 67.0 percent of those with some college education, 68.6 percent of those who completed high school, and 58.6 percent of those without a high school diploma or its equivalent (source). In 2016, the unemployment rate for young adults with a bachelor's or higher degree (5 percent) was lower than the rate for young adults with some college (10 percent), those who had completed high school (12 percent), and those who had not completed high school (17 percent) (source).

In 2015, for young adults ages 25–34 who worked full time, year round, higher educational attainment was associated with higher median earnings; this pattern was consistent from 2000 through 2015. For example, in 2015 the median earnings of young adults with a bachelor's degree ($50,000) were 64 percent higher than those of young adult high school completers ($30,500). The median earnings of young adult high school completers were 22 percent higher than those of young adults who did not complete high school ($25,000). In addition, median earnings of young adults with a master's or higher degree were $60,000 in 2015, some 20 percent higher than the median earnings of young adults with a bachelor's degree(source).

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