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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 11. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose parents reported various sources of information about child care providers, by arrangement type and child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of children (thousands) Child care information source
Friends Place of
Ads1 Parent/
guardian knew provider
child in
walked by1
other sources
  Total 9,52454566886717
Arrangement type
Nonrelative 2,770694376106217
Childís age
Less than 1 year 86356716965319
1-2 years 2,97256634886618
3-5 years 5,68852497887817
Childís sex
Male 5,02652675896619
Female 4,49856567876716
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 5,75155667987616
Black, non-Hispanic 1,518513638951019
Hispanic 1,42054384765919
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 2755611108753!19
Other race, non-Hispanic3559434765119727
Family type
Two parents 7,26254677886617
One parent 2,09653254987818
Nonparent guardian(s) 1665111!4!7!1034
Parentsí language spoken most at home4
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 8,60254566986717
One of two parents speaks English 158383!1111!7!1722
No parent speaks English 76359594535516
Motherís level of education5
Less than a high school 475411!141!4!78625
High school/GED 2,15353264788715
Vocational/technical or
  some college
Bachelorís degree 2,45356656875619
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
Motherís school enrollment status5
Enrolled 1,442516941074822
Not enrolled 7,88954566887717
Motherís employment status5
35 or more hours per week 4,68655754895818
Less than 35 hours per week 2,20257567896415
Looking for work 41747565101024
Not in the labor force 2,027492119958718
Motherís work shift5, 6
Regular shift 6,15355755895617
Variable shift 73560353810!5718
Neighborhood conditions7
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
Household income
$25,000 or less 2,08247373996821
$25,001 to $50,000 1,926516889117714
$50,001 to $75,000 2,10556677876715
$75,001 to $100,000 1,49959556764520
$100,001 or more 1,91257557977617
Poverty status8
At or above poverty threshold 7,93156567886617
Below poverty threshold 1,593444621097822
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.

Reporting standards not met.

1"Ads" includes advertisements in newspapers, newsletters, and magazines, as well as commercials on radios and televisions. "Bulletin boards/flyers/drove/walked by" includes posters and leaflets announcing child care providers or programs that respondents walked or drove by.

2Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.

3"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

4Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

5Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

6Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

7Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

8Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include all children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly nonrelative or center-based care arrangement. Children with only relative care arrangement were not included because parents were not asked about the source from which they learned of arrangement. Children with multiple arrangements are included in estimates, therefore percentage may sum to more than 100.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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