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Table 5.9. State high school college-readiness policies, by state: 2015

State State has college-readiness definition that includes cut scores on statewide mandatory high school assessments   State has mandatory high school English and mathematics assessments with state-adopted college-ready cut scores   State has college-readiness benchmark that guarantees placement into credit-bearing coursework in the state postsecondary system  
United States1 6 2 11 3 5 4
Alabama No   No   No  
Alaska No   No   No  
Arizona No   No   No  
Arkansas Yes   Yes   No  
California No   No 5 No 6
Colorado No   No   No  
Connecticut No   No   No  
Delaware No   No   No  
District of Columbia No   No   No  
Florida Yes   Yes   Yes 7
Georgia No   No 8 No 9
Hawaii No   No   No  
Idaho No   No 10 No 11
Illinois No   No   No  
Indiana No   Yes   No  
Iowa No   Yes   No  
Kansas No   No   No  
Kentucky Yes   Yes   Yes 12
Louisiana Yes   Yes   Yes 13
Maine No   No   No  
Maryland No   No 14 No 14
Massachusetts No   No   No  
Michigan No   No   No  
Minnesota No   No   No  
Mississippi No   No   No  
Missouri No   No   No  
Montana No   No   No  
Nebraska No   No   No  
Nevada No   No   No  
New Hampshire No   No   No  
New Jersey No   No   No  
New Mexico No   No   No  
New York No   No   No  
North Carolina No   No   No  
North Dakota No   No   No  
Ohio No 15 No 16 No 15
Oklahoma No   Yes   No  
Oregon No   No   No  
Pennsylvania No   No   No  
Rhode Island No   No   No  
South Carolina No   No 17 No  
South Dakota No 18 No 19 No 19
Tennessee No   Yes   No  
Texas Yes   Yes   Yes 20
Utah No   No 21 No  
Vermont No   No   No  
Virginia Yes   Yes   No  
Washington No   No 22 No 23
West Virginia No   Yes   Yes 24
Wisconsin No   No   No  
Wyoming No   No   No  
1 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses for the column.
2 A college readiness definition includes a cut score signaling college readiness established in established in statute, regulation, or a stand-alone state document, or a statewide college-readiness definition created by a state agency or governing body, task force, etc.
3 These assessments include ACT, SAT, PLAN, PSAT, Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC), Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC), and state-developed or –contracted standards-based or end-of-course assessments.
4 The data in this column distinguish between states with policies already in application versus policies scheduled to go into effect with students who are high school juniors in spring 2015 or beyond.
5 Through California's Early Assessment Program, students may elect to complete additional English Language Arts and mathematics items on grade 11 California Standards Test to gauge their college readiness.
6 Students who are deemed college ready on the voluntary Early Assessment Program may enroll directly in credit-bearing coursework.
7 In Florida, placement decisions are determined by Common Placement Test.
8 Georgia Milestones are being implemented in spring 2015.
9 Cut scores on Georgia Milestones will be used to exempt students from placement testing.
10 Districts in Idaho may deliver remediation to students scoring below a 4 on SBAC.
11 Students scoring a 4 on the SBAC would be exempt from college remediation.
12 Placement decisions are determined by ACT, SAT, and/or Kentucky Online Testing (KYOTE).
13 Placement decisions are determined by ACT scores.
14 PARCC cut scores will be used for the 2015–16 school year.
15 When ACT and SAT testing is fully implemented in 2018, Ohio will have cut scores that deem students remediation free and eligible to enroll in credit-bearing courses in any public postsecondary institution in the state.
16 ACT and SAT cut scores will be used starting with the high school class of 2018.
17 State statute encourages ACT and WorkKeys results to be used in course selection which might include remedial, dual enrollment, AP, or other options.
18 A statewide college and career readiness definition is under development.
19 South Dakota will measure the college readiness of students through the SBAC. Through the South Dakota Virtual School, South Dakota offers statewide remedial coursework for students with ACT scores below 20 in mathematics and below 19 in English. Students successfully completing the program may directly enter into college-level courses.
20 Students who perform at a specified level on the end-of-course assessments or those who complete a college preparatory course in high school are exempt from placement testing requirements upon postsecondary entry.
21 Utah has developed college readiness assessments, but the state has not yet completed the development of required intervention or acceleration opportunities for students. Utah's school grading policy requires high schools to report the percentage of students who are considered college ready. A student is college ready if the student's score on the ACT is at or above the college readiness benchmark defined by the ACT.
22 Washington is administering the SBAC in spring 2015 and has identified readiness cut scores that will be used for placement effective in 2016, and for identification of students for Bridge to College developmental courses piloted in 2014–15.
23 Beginning in 2016, students scoring a 3 or 4 on Smarter Balanced and enrolling in a postsecondary institutions directly after high school may place into college-level courses at all public institutions without remediation or additional placement testing. In addition, students earning a B or better in a Bridge English Language Arts or mathematics course are eligible to enter credit bearing coursework upon college entry.
24 Placement decisions are determined by the COMPASS placement assessment.
NOTE: The information in this table was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations.
SOURCE: Education Commission of the States, 50-State Comparison: 12th Grade Transitions, retrieved January 17, 2017 from Data Source.