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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.10. Number and percentage of public school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, by state: Selected years, 2000-01 through 2016-17
State Number of students Number of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch
2000-01 2010-11 2015-16 2016-17 2000-01 2010-11 2015-16 2016-17 2000-01 2010-11 2015-16 2016-17
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
United States 46,579,068 1 48,941,267 49,753,676 49,944,748 17,839,867 1 23,544,479 25,900,186 1 26,113,604 1 38.3 1 48.1 52.1 1 52.3 1
Alabama 728,351   730,427 742,919 744,809 335,143   402,386 379,554   384,199   46.0   55.1 51.1   51.6  
Alaska 105,333   132,104 132,466 132,709 32,468   50,701 56,625   60,182   30.8   38.4 42.7   45.3  
Arizona 877,696 2 1,067,210 973,369 993,129 274,277 2 482,044 488,182   566,549   31.2 2 45.2 50.2   57.0  
Arkansas 449,959   482,114 491,485 492,802 205,058   291,608 312,477   313,314 4 45.6   60.5 63.6   63.6 4
California 6,050,753   6,169,427 6,208,436 6,214,620 2,820,611   3,335,885 3,657,497   3,611,597   46.6   54.1 58.9   58.1  
                                       
Colorado 724,349   842,864 899,008 904,798 195,148   336,426 376,162   381,537   26.9   39.9 41.8   42.2  
Connecticut 562,179 2 552,919 537,536 529,616 143,030 2 190,554 203,774   188,877   25.4 2 34.5 37.9   35.7  
Delaware 114,676   128,342 133,792 136,217 37,766   61,564 50,459   65,563 5 32.9   48.0 37.7   48.1 5
District of Columbia 68,380   71,263 83,009 84,970 47,839   52,027 63,402   64,900 5 70.0   73.0 76.4   76.4 5
Florida 2,434,755   2,641,555 2,791,193 2,811,090 1,079,009   1,479,519 1,640,217   1,633,226   44.3   56.0 58.8   58.1  
                                       
Georgia 1,444,937   1,676,419 1,756,579 1,763,540 624,511   961,954 1,096,426   1,092,777   43.2   57.4 62.4   62.0  
Hawaii 184,357   179,601 181,991 181,550 80,657   84,106 90,298   86,376   43.8   46.8 49.6   47.6  
Idaho 244,755   275,815 292,233 297,118 85,824   124,104 137,145   136,058   35.1   45.0 46.9   45.8  
Illinois 2,048,792 2 1,973,401 2,018,688 2,009,331 759,973 2 921,471 1,006,936   1,008,830   37.1 2 46.7 49.9   50.2  
Indiana 977,219   1,038,817 1,045,235 1,048,952 285,267   485,728 504,787   502,844   29.2   46.8 48.3   47.9  
                                       
Iowa 492,021   484,856 500,102 500,960 131,553   188,486 207,129   204,841   26.7   38.9 41.4   40.9  
Kansas 462,594   479,953 488,568 489,706 154,693   228,852 240,209   235,849   33.4   47.7 49.2   48.2  
Kentucky 626,723   673,128 686,113 683,844 298,334   380,773 407,754   401,614   47.6   56.6 59.4   58.7  
Louisiana 741,162   695,772 683,839 716,248 433,068   460,546 419,284   451,173   58.4   66.2 61.3   63.0  
Maine 198,532   183,477 176,400 175,383 60,162   78,915 81,172   79,819   30.3   43.0 46.0   45.5  
                                       
Maryland 852,911   852,202 879,580 886,187 255,872   341,557 395,834   413,580   30.0   40.1 45.0   46.7  
Massachusetts 979,590   955,301 953,423 953,693 237,871   326,849 380,636 3 380,744 5 24.3   34.2 39.9 3 39.9 5
Michigan 1,703,260   1,551,861 1,484,270 1,477,193 504,044   719,800 684,945   675,696   29.6   46.4 46.1   45.7  
Minnesota 854,154   837,930 863,719 874,432 218,867   306,136 329,124   329,341   25.6   36.5 38.1   37.7  
Mississippi 497,421   489,462 487,195 483,148 319,670   345,734 365,109   362,296   64.3   70.6 74.9   75.0  
                                       
Missouri 912,247   902,375 917,862 913,838 315,608   406,358 460,004   481,683   34.6   45.0 50.1   52.7  
Montana 154,438   140,497 140,868 146,213 47,415   57,836 65,095   66,649   30.7   41.2 46.2   45.6  
Nebraska 286,138   298,276 316,009 319,147 87,045   127,114 139,569   142,555   30.4   42.6 44.2   44.7  
Nevada 282,621   436,840 455,144 472,790 92,978   219,904 267,801   287,510   32.9   50.3 58.8   60.8  
New Hampshire 206,919   194,001 181,307 179,762 31,212   48,904 51,343   49,058   15.1   25.2 28.3   27.3  
                                       
New Jersey 1,312,983   1,356,882 1,368,639 1,370,824 357,728   444,735 514,386   519,298   27.2   32.8 37.6   37.9  
New Mexico 320,303   335,810 334,061 332,184 174,939   227,077 239,540   237,331   54.6   67.6 71.7   71.4  
New York 2,859,927   2,722,761 2,660,164 2,701,730 1,236,945   1,315,564 1,316,954   1,422,290   43.3   48.3 49.5   52.6  
North Carolina 1,194,371   1,487,699 1,544,677 1,549,452 470,316   747,978 885,934   889,189   39.4   50.3 57.4   57.4  
North Dakota 109,201   94,273 106,358 107,460 31,840   29,929 31,764   33,248   29.2   31.7 29.9   30.9  
                                       
Ohio 1,745,237   1,747,851 1,707,833 1,707,469 494,829   745,121 766,460   757,120   28.4   42.6 44.9   44.3  
Oklahoma 623,110   659,376 682,309 693,747 300,179   398,917 424,665   433,509   48.2   60.5 62.2   62.5  
Oregon 535,617   553,468 549,322 552,350 186,203   280,174 282,506   279,145   34.8   50.6 51.4   50.5  
Pennsylvania 1,798,977   1,742,608 1,665,328 1,572,026 510,121   686,641 802,045   747,388   28.4   39.4 48.2   47.5  
Rhode Island 157,347   142,575 140,427 140,469 52,209   61,127 65,995   66,895   33.2   42.9 47.0   47.6  
                                       
South Carolina 677,411   722,203 763,483 770,800 320,254   395,033 458,287   516,520   47.3   54.7 60.0   67.0  
South Dakota 128,598   125,883 133,746 135,762 37,857   46,718 55,715   51,430   29.4   37.1 41.7   37.9  
Tennessee 909,161 2 987,078 974,752 997,148 436,298 2 542,953 573,256   586,427 5 48.0 2 55.0 58.8   58.8 5
Texas 4,059,353   4,916,401 5,300,136 5,360,055 1,823,029   2,471,212 3,123,844   3,159,896   44.9   50.3 58.9   59.0  
Utah 470,265   585,552 647,843 645,030 135,428   223,943 235,644   235,042   28.8   38.2 36.4   36.4  
                                       
Vermont 102,049   85,144 84,355 84,325 23,986   31,339 32,354   32,507   23.5   36.8 38.4   38.5  
Virginia 1,067,710   1,250,206 1,271,067 1,273,127 320,233   458,879 523,972   525,022   30.0   36.7 41.2   41.2  
Washington 1,004,770 2 1,043,466 1,086,805 1,101,514 326,295 2 418,065 493,019   480,171   32.5 2 40.1 45.4   43.6  
West Virginia 286,285   282,879 277,445 273,845 143,446   145,605 137,177   122,257   50.1   51.5 49.4   44.6  
Wisconsin 859,276   872,164 857,907 863,557 219,276   342,660 342,247   323,368   25.5   39.3 39.9   37.4  
Wyoming 89,895   88,779 94,681 94,079 43,483   32,968 35,473   36,314   48.4   37.1 37.5   38.6  
1 U.S. total includes imputation for nonreporting states.
2 Imputation for survey nonresponse. State-level imputations for 2000-01 were based on the reported percentages for 2001-02 applied to the 2000-01 enrollments.
3 Imputation for survey nonresponse. State-level imputations for 2015-16 were based on the reported percentages for 2014-15 applied to the 2015-16 enrollments.
4 Imputation for survey nonresponse. State-level imputations for 2016-17 were based on the reported percentages for 2015-16 applied to the 2016-17 enrollments.
5 For 2016-17, this state reported only the count of students who were eligible based on direct certification. Direct certification is the process by which children are certified for free meals based on household participation in one or more means-tested Federal assistance programs—such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)—without the need for a household application.
NOTE: The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is a federally assisted meal program. Table reflects counts of students enrolled in all schools for which both enrollment data and free/reduced-price lunch eligibility data were reported. Data for 2016-17 include students whose NSLP eligibility has been determined through direct certification.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2000-01, 2010-11, 2015-16, and 2016-17. (This table was prepared April 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest