```________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | |Percentage distribution and mean scores of mathematics classes, by average class size|Index of Teachers' Emphasis on Mathematics Homework (EMH)\1\ Country | |_____________________________________________________________________________________|_________________________________________________________ | Overall| | | | | | | | average| 1 to 24 students | 25 to 32 students | 33 to 40 students |41 or more students | High EMH\2\ | Medium EMH\3\ | Low EMH\4\ | class|___________________|______________________|_____________________|____________________|_____________________|_________________|_________________ | size| | Mean| | Mean| | Mean| | Mean| | Mean| | Mean| | Mean | | Percent| score| Percent| score| Percent| score| Percent| score| Percent| score|Percent| score|Percent| score ____________________________|___________|________|__________|_________|____________|_________|___________|_________|__________|___________|_________|_______|_________|_______|_________ 1 | 2 | 3| 4| 5| 6| 7| 8| 9| 10| 11| 12| 13| 14| 15| 16 ____________________________|___________|________|__________|_________|____________|_________|___________|_________|__________|___________|_________|_______|_________|_______|_________ International average ...| 30(0.1)| 29(0.5)|461 (1.9)| 35 (0.5)|473 (1.4)| 24 (0.5)|470 (2.1)| 13 (0.3)|448 (1.7)| 30 (0.5)|473 (1.4)|51(0.6)|469 (0.9)|19(0.4)|453 (1.7) |___________|________|__________|_________|____________|_________|___________|_________|__________|___________|_________|_______|_________|_______|_________ Armenia ....................|\5\ 27(0.9)| 39(4.4)|474 (5.6)| 43 (4.3)|485 (5.0)| 7 (1.8)|460 (9.9)| 11 (2.8)|462 (8.4)|\6\65 (4.6)|481 (4.2)|31(4.7)|474 (6.6)| 4(2.1)|467(11.5) Australia ..................| 26(0.5)| 31(4.2)|482 (9.4)| 65 (4.7)|518 (5.9)| 4 (2.2)|492 (14.2)| # | ‡ | 10 (3.0)|544(19.7)|56(4.1)|518 (5.9)|34(3.8)|475 (9.5) Bahrain ....................| 32(0.1)| 6(0.7)|451 (5.8)| 52 (2.7)|402 (2.1)| 40 (2.6)|395 (3.5)| 3 (0.0)|412 (3.8)| 15 (2.5)|389 (6.1)|72(3.7)|404 (2.3)|14(3.1)|396 (8.7) Belgium (Flemish) ..........| 20(0.3)| 90(2.3)|538 (3.3)| 10 (2.3)|553 (10.5)| # | ‡ | # | ‡ | 9 (2.5)|555 (6.5)|30(3.8)|555 (5.8)|60(3.9)|529 (5.6) Botswana ...................| 37(0.4)| 1(0.7)| ‡ | 14 (2.6)|392 (9.1)| 60 (4.3)|360 (3.7)| 25 (4.1)|362 (4.1)| 44 (4.6)|364 (4.0)|49(4.5)|368 (4.0)| 7(2.5)|379 (7.0) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Bulgaria ...................| 22(0.5)| 64(4.2)|468 (4.9)| 32 (3.9)|503 (8.0)| 3 (2.4)|423 (5.0)| 1 (0.0)| ‡ | 53 (4.2)|483 (6.1)|38(4.2)|467 (7.7)| 9(2.5)|469(15.6) Chile ......................| 35(0.4)| 9(1.5)|385 (17.0)| 22 (2.6)|384 (8.1)| 47 (3.6)|390 (5.7)| 23 (3.0)|389 (6.9)| 10 (2.2)|401(14.9)|49(3.6)|388 (5.1)|40(3.3)|383 (5.5) Chinese Taipei .............| 37(0.4)| 4(1.5)|598 (28.9)| 14 (2.8)|567 (11.5)| 65 (4.0)|575 (4.7)| 17 (3.2)|636 (8.7)| 29 (3.9)|602 (8.6)|39(3.9)|588 (6.3)|32(3.9)|570 (7.6) Cyprus .....................| 26(0.1)| 21(1.9)|463 (3.2)| 79 (1.9)|460 (2.0)| # | ‡ | # | ‡ | 35 (3.1)|455 (3.2)|65(3.1)|462 (2.3)|# | ‡ (†) Egypt ......................| 38(0.6)| 3(1.2)|422 (13.8)| 9 (2.1)|428 (11.3)| 61 (4.1)|403 (4.3)| 27 (3.7)|407 (7.5)| 23 (3.3)|401 (8.6)|57(3.8)|409 (4.8)|20(3.2)|406 (8.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | England\7\ .................|\8\ ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ |\6\‡ | ‡ |‡ | ‡ |‡ | ‡ (†) Estonia ....................| 27(0.5)| 32(3.4)|523 (5.1)| 41 (4.2)|530 (4.3)| 27 (3.8)|550 (5.4)| # | ‡ | 12 (2.3)|540 (9.9)|78(3.2)|532 (3.3)| 9(2.5)|518(14.1) Ghana ......................|\5\ 37(1.0)| 16(2.7)|232 (7.4)| 18 (3.1)|249 (8.9)| 29 (4.0)|292 (9.0)| 37 (4.7)|289 (9.1)| 48 (5.0)|271 (7.9)|37(5.0)|275 (7.1)|15(3.0)|284(10.2) Hong Kong, SAR\9,10\ .......| 39(0.3)| 3(1.1)|504 (28.1)| 6 (1.6)|513 (21.3)| 49 (4.1)|575 (5.7)| 43 (4.1)|612 (4.7)| 26 (3.7)|598 (6.0)|50(4.6)|593 (6.0)|24(4.0)|566(10.0) Hungary ....................| 22(0.4)| 64(3.9)|522 (4.2)| 35 (4.0)|540 (6.5)| 2 (0.9)| ‡ | # | ‡ | 8 (2.0)|532 (8.9)|90(2.2)|530 (3.5)| 2(0.9)| ‡ (†) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Indonesia\11\ ..............| 40(0.5)| 3(1.7)|413 (8.6)| 10 (2.8)|366 (20.0)| 38 (4.1)|413 (8.3)| 48 (4.3)|421 (6.7)| 45 (3.9)|421 (7.4)|45(4.4)|402 (9.4)|10(2.6)|412(15.3) Iran, Islamic Republic .....| 29(0.4)| 23(2.9)|397 (5.7)| 50 (4.0)|413 (4.5)| 25 (3.3)|420 (6.0)| 3 (1.4)|431 (13.7)| 63 (4.4)|417 (3.2)|26(4.0)|406 (7.2)|12(2.8)|399 (9.3) Israel\12\ .................|\5\ 34(0.4)| 9(2.2)|512 (18.3)| 23 (3.7)|500 (9.2)| 64 (4.5)|490 (4.9)| 4 (1.7)|531 (4.5)| 50 (3.8)|501 (5.4)|44(4.1)|500 (6.1)| 6(1.7)|438(17.8) Italy ......................| 22(0.3)| 78(3.1)|483 (3.4)| 22 (3.1)|488 (8.3)| # | ‡ | # | ‡ | 71 (3.5)|482 (3.2)|25(3.2)|489 (8.4)| 4(1.5)|480(11.2) Japan ......................| 35(0.2)| 3(1.2)|561 (6.1)| 18 (2.6)|557 (4.5)| 78 (2.6)|571 (2.7)| 1 (1.0)| ‡ | 7 (2.2)|583(23.4)|29(3.8)|573 (6.9)|64(3.9)|567 (2.5) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Jordan .....................| 35(0.7)| 14(2.8)|430 (9.4)| 26 (3.6)|424 (13.3)| 32 (4.4)|417 (5.9)| 28 (3.8)|428 (7.4)| 30 (3.8)|422 (5.5)|55(4.4)|430 (6.3)|14(2.8)|410 (8.6) Korea, Republic of\13\ .....|\8\ 37(0.4)| 1(0.9)| ‡ | 20 (3.0)|569 (4.6)| 57 (4.6)|594 (2.9)| 22 (3.5)|600 (7.0)|\14 9 (2.1)|582(10.8)|31(3.6)|589 (4.7)|60(3.5)|591 (3.5) Latvia .....................| 24(0.7)| 52(3.5)|497 (4.4)| 42 (3.4)|519 (5.5)| 3 (1.0)|527 (20.3)| 3 (1.7)|506 (12.6)| 17 (2.9)|523 (8.8)|75(3.8)|505 (3.5)| 9(2.6)|500(11.7) Lebanon ....................| 29(0.9)| 32(3.9)|429 (6.0)| 44 (4.8)|429 (5.1)| 16 (3.1)|443 (10.4)| 8 (3.1)|464 (8.7)| 49 (4.6)|433 (4.6)|45(4.4)|436 (5.8)| 6(1.9)|401(13.1) Lithuania\12\ ..............| 25(0.3)| 39(3.2)|486 (4.2)| 61 (3.2)|510 (3.0)| # | ‡ | # | ‡ | 13 (2.7)|512 (7.7)|76(3.6)|501 (3.4)|11(2.6)|477(11.3) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Macedonia, Republic of\12\ .| 28(0.4)| 24(3.5)|439 (9.2)| 58 (4.3)|435 (5.9)| 17 (3.6)|429 (13.7)| 1 (1.0)| ‡ | 22 (3.3)|450 (8.1)|66(3.9)|428 (5.2)|12(2.6)|432(13.8) Malaysia ...................| 37(0.4)| 1(0.7)| ‡ | 18 (3.3)|514 (11.0)| 56 (4.4)|503 (5.1)| 25 (3.5)|515 (8.8)| 60 (4.5)|508 (5.0)|34(4.2)|515 (8.5)| 5(1.9)|466(10.1) Moldova ....................|\5\ 24(0.5)| 56(4.5)|449 (6.0)| 38 (4.6)|460 (7.0)| 5 (2.5)|485 (25.2)| 1 (0.6)| ‡ |\6\43 (4.8)|451 (6.1)|52(5.0)|463 (7.9)| 5(1.9)|468(10.1) Morocco\11,15\ .............| ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ |\1454 (6.2)|391 (5.9)|37(6.4)|383 (5.2)| 9(4.1)|389(11.1) Netherlands\9\ .............| 26(0.3)| 33(3.9)|514 (9.4)| 66 (4.1)|546 (5.8)| 1 (1.0)| ‡ | # | ‡ | 7 (2.4)|550(15.3)|82(3.7)|541 (4.9)|11(3.1)|495(14.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | New Zealand ................| 27(0.4)| 22(3.0)|469 (8.9)| 72 (4.1)|500 (5.7)| 6 (3.2)|538 (17.8)| # | ‡ | 7 (2.1)|479(15.6)|67(4.1)|510 (6.6)|25(4.2)|471 (5.3) Norway .....................| 25(0.3)| 34(3.8)|467 (4.3)| 65 (3.6)|460 (3.5)| 1 (0.7)| ‡ | 1 (0.7)| ‡ | 25 (3.4)|460 (6.5)|46(4.3)|465 (3.8)|29(4.3)|455 (5.0) Palestinian National | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Authority ...............| 39(0.6)| 6(2.0)|398 (20.0)| 17 (2.8)|393 (7.4)| 27 (3.9)|394 (8.9)| 50 (3.7)|385 (4.2)| 30 (4.0)|389 (6.4)|58(4.3)|391 (4.6)|12(2.5)|388(14.9) Philippines ................| 54(0.7)| 1(0.6)| ‡ | 1 (0.7)| ‡ | 7 (2.0)|448 (23.4)| 91 (2.1)|372 (5.4)| 24 (4.0)|358(10.9)|61(4.8)|384 (7.1)|15(3.7)|377(19.1) Romania ....................| 24(0.5)| 51(4.5)|469 (6.7)| 46 (4.5)|480 (7.4)| 3 (1.4)|534 (34.7)| 1 (0.0)| ‡ | 78 (3.3)|478 (5.5)|21(3.3)|463(10.1)| 1(0.7)| ‡ (†) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Russian Federation .........| 24(0.6)| 47(4.2)|500 (5.1)| 47 (3.6)|515 (5.0)| 6 (3.4)|533 (11.0)| # | ‡ | 56 (3.5)|514 (4.3)|43(3.5)|499 (4.7)| 1(0.5)| ‡ (†) Saudi Arabia ...............| 28(0.9)| 36(5.3)|333 (7.5)| 26 (4.8)|340 (8.1)| 29 (5.8)|330 (5.6)| 8 (3.0)|325 (4.1)| 14 (3.0)|331 (8.9)|69(3.9)|332 (4.6)|17(3.0)|346(15.0) Scotland\9\ ................|\5\ 27(0.5)| 33(3.9)|457 (7.2)| 56 (4.4)|520 (6.2)| 11 (3.4)|548 (10.1)| 1 (0.7)| ‡ | 3 (1.7)|549(10.6)|45(4.6)|527 (5.7)|51(4.5)|477 (6.2) Serbia\11\ .................| 26(0.4)| 38(3.7)|464 (4.4)| 51 (4.0)|483 (3.8)| 11 (2.9)|489 (8.2)| # | ‡ | 34 (4.1)|474 (4.9)|45(4.3)|481 (4.5)|22(3.7)|470 (5.6) Singapore ..................| 38(0.2)| 2(0.6)| ‡ | 8 (1.6)|613 (18.0)| 63 (2.7)|606 (5.0)| 26 (2.5)|607 (5.7)| 59 (2.4)|620 (4.2)|33(2.5)|592 (6.6)| 8(1.3)|563(13.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Slovak Republic ............| 25(0.4)| 42(4.6)|498 (4.7)| 53 (4.7)|512 (5.4)| 5 (1.8)|543 (19.7)| # | ‡ | 5 (1.5)|510(12.4)|79(2.9)|511 (4.0)|16(2.7)|492 (6.3) Slovenia ...................| 22(0.3)| 70(4.1)|491 (3.0)| 30 (4.1)|500 (4.1)| # | ‡ | # | ‡ | 13 (2.9)|490 (9.2)|85(3.1)|495 (2.5)| 3(1.0)|473 (9.7) South Africa ...............|\8\ 45(1.3)| 4(1.2)|309 (35.8)| 14 (3.0)|290 (23.8)| 30 (3.7)|265 (11.7)| 52 (4.1)|249 (8.7)|\6\26 (3.4)|266 (9.2)|54(3.9)|267 (9.6)|20(3.3)|250 (9.1) Sweden .....................| 21(0.4)| 71(3.6)|491 (3.3)| 27 (3.7)|522 (5.5)| 1 (1.0)| ‡ | # | ‡ | 17 (2.8)|503 (7.0)|25(3.2)|506 (6.0)|59(3.7)|494 (4.0) Tunisia ....................| 34(0.3)| 1(1.0)| ‡ | 26 (3.3)|404 (3.6)| 71 (3.5)|412 (3.2)| 2 (1.1)| ‡ | 12 (2.5)|423 (9.1)|84(3.0)|407 (2.2)| 4(1.6)|442(11.3) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | United States\15\ ..........|\5\ 24(0.4)| 56(2.9)|504 (3.9)| 39 (2.7)|510 (5.1)| 4 (1.2)|531 (16.4)| 1 (0.7)| ‡ | 27 (2.5)|531 (8.0)|62(2.9)|504 (3.8)|11(2.2)|471 (9.5) ____________________________|___________|________|__________|_________|____________|_________|___________|_________|__________|___________|_________|_______|_________|_______|_________```