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Public and private school comparison

Question:
In what ways do public and private schools differ?

Response:

To address this question, 201112 school-year data from the Schools and Staffing Survey are presented to compare public and private schools along a number of dimensions.

Selected School Characteristics

  • During the 201112 school year, there were an estimated 116,240 K12 schools in the United States, including 85,530 traditional public, 4,480 public charter, and 26,230 private schools. The percentage of K12 students who received Title I services was 37 percent in traditional public schools, 49 percent in public charter schools, and 4 percent in private schools.

  • About 98 percent of public schools had at least one student with an Individual Education Plan (IEP) because of special needs, while 64 percent of private schools had at least one student with a formally identified disability. The percentage of public school K12 students who were English-language learners (ELLs) or limited-English proficient (LEP) was 13 percent in primary schools, 7 percent in middle schools, 5 percent in high schools, and 6 percent in combined schools.

  • The racial and ethnic composition of K12 students in public schools included the following non-Hispanic, single race groups: 54 percent White, 15 percent Black, 5 percent Asian, 1 percent Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and 1 percent American Indian/Alaska Native. In addition, there were 22 percent Hispanic students and 2 percent non-Hispanic students of 2 or more races. Within private schools, K12 students included the following non-Hispanic, single race groups: 72 percent White, 9 percent Black, 5 percent Asian, 1 percent Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and 1 percent American Indian/Alaska Native. In addition, there were 10 percent Hispanic students and 3 percent non-Hispanic students of 2 or more races.

  • Among schools with 12th-grade students during the 201011 school year, the average percentage of 12th-grade students who graduated with a high school diploma was 89 percent for traditional public schools, 91 percent for public charter schools, and 92 percent for private schools. Within this group of schools, the average percentage of graduates who went to a 4-year college was 40 percent for traditional public schools, 37 percent for public charter schools, and 64 percent for private schools.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools in the United States: Results From the 201112 Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES 2013-312).

Selected Teacher Characteristics

  • In the 201112 school year, there were an estimated 3,850,100 teachers in elementary and secondary schools in the United States. About 3,385,200 taught in public schools and about 464,900 taught in private schools.

  • About 82 percent of all public school teachers were non-Hispanic White, 7 percent were non-Hispanic Black, and 8 percent were Hispanic. Among private school teachers, about 88 percent were non-Hispanic White, 4 percent were non-Hispanic Black, and 5 percent were Hispanic.

  • On average, both public and private school teachers had about 14 years of experience. On average, teachers in traditional public schools had more teaching experience (14 years) than teachers in public charter schools (9 years).

  • In 201112, the average base salary of regular full-time teachers was higher in public schools ($53,100) than in private schools ($40,200). The percentage of regular full-time teachers who earned additional pay from their school system for extracurricular or additional activities during the school year was 42 percent in public schools and 29 percent in private schools. The average amount earned for these activities was $2,500 for public school teachers and $2,700 for private school teachers.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States: Results From the 201112 Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES 2013-314).

Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date)

Other Resources:  (Listed by Release Date)


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education