Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table 15.  Number of students in public middle schools involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


      Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school
  Total students involved in recorded offenses Removals without continuing services   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic Number Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All public schools 2,259   294 13   514 23   834 38   563 26
                           
Enrollment size                          
Less than 300 #   #   #   #   #
300–499 138   40 29   59 43   38 28   # #
500–999 1,051   216 21   147 14   374 37   279 27
1,000 or more 1,070   37 4   307 29   422 40   284 27
                           
Urbanicity                          
City 1,066   99 10   282 27   356 34   294 29
Urban fringe 785   82 10   133 17   311 40   259 33
Town 132   79 60   26 20   26 20   # #
Rural 275   34 13   72 28   141 55   9 4
                           
Crime level where students live3                          
High 432   33 8   95 23   170 40   123 29
Moderate 694   79 11   194 28   242 35   179 26
Low 574   92 17   91 17   200 38   147 28
Mixed  558   89 16   134 24   221 40   114 20
                           
Percent minority enrollment4                           
Less than 5 percent  90   # #   18 20   63 70   9 10
5 to 20 percent  305   33 12   57 20   87 31   109 38
20 to 50 percent  502   48 10   89 19   203 43   137 29
50 percent or more  1,362   213 16   350 26   481 36   308 23
                           
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                          
0–20 percent  278   9 4   39 15   126 48   86 33
21–50 percent  726   165 23   136 19   246 34   179 25
More than 50 percent  1,255   120 10   339 28   462 38   298 24
                           
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                           
0–5 percent  355   47 13   67 19   132 37   109 31
6–15 percent  772   89 12   152 21   223 31   264 36
More than 15 percent  1,132   157 14   294 26   480 43   190 17
                           
Percent of students likely to attend college                          
0–35 percent  957   141 15   199 21   407 43   200 21
36–60 percent  759   79 11   205 29   131 18   300 42
More than 60 percent  543   73 14   110 20   297 55   63 12
                           
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                          
0–25 percent  116   14 12   30 26   36 31   36 31
26–50 percent  575   106 18   130 23   231 40   108 19
51–75 percent  983   118 12   234 24   311 32   320 33
More than 75 percent  584   56 10   120 23   256 48   98 18
                           
Percent male enrollment                           
0–44 percent  316   43 14   87 28   130 41   56 18
45–55 percent  1,833   230 13   372 21   669 38   507 29
More than 55 percent  110   21 19   55 50   34 31   # #
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio5                           
Less than 12 students  445   51 12   116 26   199 45   79 18
12–16 students  999   155 16   191 20   350 36   274 28
More than 16 students  814   87 11   207 26   286 36   210 27
                           
Number of classroom changes6                           
0–3 changes  27   17 61   # #   11 39   # #
4–6 changes  1,023   119 12   225 22   362 36   306 30
More than 6 changes  1,208   158 14   289 25   462 40   256 22
                           
Regular use of law enforcement7                          
Regular use  1,859   242 13   425 23   675 37   487 27
No regular use  400   52 14   89 24   159 42   75 20
                           
Number of serious discipline problems8                           
No problems  832   164 21   123 16   309 40   181 23
1 problem  317   21 7   117 37   94 30   84 27
2 problems  374   75 20   61 16   138 37   99 27
3 or more problems  736   33 5   213 29   292 40   198 27
                           
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                           
0 to 6 percent  556   85 16   133 24   204 37   123 23
6 to 11 percent  360   33 10   104 30   181 53   23 7
11 to 21 percent  712   55 8   112 16   252 35   293 41
21 percent or more  630   121 20   165 27   197 32   124 20
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                           
No disruptions  1,988   239 12   468 24   706 37   521 27
Any disruptions  270   55 20   45 17   128 47   42 16
                           
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                           
0–2 percent  239   # #   44 19   88 37   107 45
3–5 percent  938   138 15   206 23   380 42   171 19
6–10 percent  1,009   156 16   234 23   347 35   261 26
More than 10 percent  73   # #   30 41   19 26   24 33
                           
Prevalence of violent incidents11                           
No violent incidents  11   # #   11 100   # #   # #
Any violent incidents  2,248   294 13   503 23   834 38   563 26
‡ Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education