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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for possession of a firearm/explosive device in public middle schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public middle schools 2,265   327 12   395 15   1,290 49   550 21  
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 155     # #   # #    
300–499 521   60 12     162 31   239 46  
500–999 1,566   224 14   255 16   894 57   192 12   # #
1,000 or more384   # #   101 26   233 61   50 13   # #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 1,099   137 12   295 27   611 56    
Urban fringe 960   81 8   77 8   612 64   190 20   # #
Town 141   51 36   # #   67 47     # #
Rural 425       # #   301 71  
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 196   64 33     76 39     # #
Moderate 838   133 16   104 12   561 67     # #
Low 885   112 13   53 6   285 32   372 42  
Mixed 706     202 29   368 52   119 17   # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 284   84 29   # #   109 38     # #
6–20 percent 500     60 12   159 32   202 40  
21–50 percent 703   56 8   66 9   399 57   182 26   # #
More than 50 percent 1,107   156 14   269 24   623 56   59 5   # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 334       151 45   150 45   # #
21–50 percent 1,597   184 12   153 10   850 53   347 22  
More than 50 percent 695   126 18   227 33   289 42   53 8   # #
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 636   57 9     210 33   312 49  
6–15 percent 556   98 18   77 14   282 51   57 10  
More than 15 percent 1,434   173 12   281 20   799 56   181 13   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 792     253 32   356 45   145 18   # #
36–60 percent 1,274   190 15     788 62   210 17  
More than 60 percent 559   99 18   76 14   146 26   195 35  
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 209     # #     106 51   # #
26–50 percent 769   83 11   179 23   490 64     # #
51–75 percent 1,265   146 12   139 11   622 49   315 25  
More than 75 percent 382   60 16   76 20   113 30   113 29  
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 368     # #   263 71     # #
45–55 percent 2,091   299 14   309 15   966 46   454 22  
More than 55 percent 167   # #   86 52       # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 690   66 10   115 17   166 24   281 41  
12–16 986   121 12   118 12   549 56   198 20   # #
More than 16 808   126 16   116 14   517 64   49 6   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes #   #   #   #   #   #
4–6 changes 1,069   184 17   205 19   562 53   118 11   # #
More than 6 changes 1,394   143 10   167 12   689 49   332 24  
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 2,277   327 14   395 17   1,122 49   413 18  
No regular use 348   # #   # #   168 48   138 40  
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 515     94 18   84 16   320 62   # #
1 problem 378   107 28     154 41   54 14   # #
2 problems 871   113 13   85 10   532 61   77 9  
3 or more problems 862   90 10   153 18   519 60   100 12   # #
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 487   88 18   122 25   113 23   164 34   # #
6 to 11 percent 723   110 15   73 10   469 65   52 7  
11 to 21 percent 434   59 14   122 28   168 39    
21 percent or more 848   56 7     473 56   276 33   # #
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 1,916   237 12   313 16   914 48   388 20  
Any disruptions 527   76 14   82 16   336 64     # #
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 279     # #   103 37   122 44  
1–2 percent 731   73 10   60 8   304 42   251 34  
3–5 percent 949   154 16   192 20   539 57   65 7   # #
6–10 percent 383     81 21   123 32   113 29   # #
More than 10 percent 283   # #     221 78   # #   # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents #   #   #   #   #   #
Any violent incidents 2,625   327 12   395 15   1,290 49   550 21  
# Rounds to zero.
† Not applicable
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education