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Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public primary schools involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or
possession of a weapon1 other than a firearm at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspen-
sions lasting 5 or more days
but less than the remain-
der of the school year
  Other disciplinary action3
School characteristic Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  410 ! 2 !   1,310 ! 7     6,282   33     11,221   58  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300              818 ! 35 !   1,323 ! 57  
300–499              1,473   27     3,491   64  
500–999        610 ! 6 !   3,200   32     6,103   61  
1,000 or more  #   #           791 ! 60        
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City              3,332   43     3,942   51  
Urban fringe        550 ! 9 !   1,788   29     3,813   61  
Town                    824 ! 73  
Rural        400 ! 10 !   999 ! 24     2,642   63  
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                       
High              2,175 ! 41     2,902 ! 55  
Moderate        600 ! 13 !   2,004   43     1,973   42  
Low        540 ! 8 !   1,333   19     5,003   72  
Mixed              769 ! 34 !   1,342   60  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment5                                       
Less than 5 percent  #   #           407 ! 28 !   925 ! 64  
5 to less than 20 percent  #   #                 2,622   85  
20 to less than 50 percent          10 !   928 ! 29     1,781   55  
50 percent or more        680 ! 6 !   4,580   42     5,409   50  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  #   #           471 ! 25 !   1,397   73  
21–50 percent              897 ! 23     2,714   70  
More than 50 percent  290 !     1,090 ! 8 !   4,914   37     7,111   53  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent              1,159   29     2,401   61  
6–15 percent        550 ! 8 !   1,895   27     4,412   63  
More than 15 percent              3,227   39     4,408   54  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent        770 ! 7 !   3,799   33     6,616   58  
36–60 percent        360 ! 9 !   1,325   34     2,110 ! 54  
More than 60 percent              1,157   30     2,495   64  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent  #   #     #   #           993 ! 77  
26–50 percent        600 ! 12 !   1,445 ! 28     2,933   57  
51–75 percent        600 ! 10 !   2,195   36     3,100   52  
More than 75 percent              2,351 ! 35     4,194   62  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent                      64 !
45–55 percent        1,120 ! 8 !   4,555   31     8,865   60  
More than 55 percent  #   #           1,473 ! 47 !   1,563 ! 49  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                       
Less than 12 students        560 ! 6 !   2,584   29     5,641   63  
12–16 students          9 !   1,820   33     2,949   54  
More than 16 students              1,878 ! 39     2,631   55  
                                       
Number of classroom changes7                                       
0–3 changes        610 ! 9 !   2,858   40     3,540   50  
4–6 changes        610 ! 6 !   3,054   33     5,458   58  
More than 6 changes  #   #           369 ! 14 !   2,223   83  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement8                                       
Regular use              3,308   44     3,739   50  
No regular use  350 ! 3 !   970 ! 8     2,973   25     7,482   63  
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                                     
No problems        580 ! 6 !   3,061   32     5,561   58  
1 problem  #   #       9 !   790 ! 20 !   2,750 ! 70  
2 problems  #   #           951 ! 33     1,655 ! 57  
3 or more problems              1,480 ! 52 !   1,256 ! 44 !
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  #   #           340 ! 20 !   1,313   77  
6 to less than 11 percent              895 ! 30     1,647 ! 55  
11 to less than 21 percent        220 ! 6 !   1,181   32     2,244   61  
21 percent or more        660 ! 6 !   3,866   36     6,016   56  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                                     
No disruptions  410 ! 2 !   1,180 ! 7     6,065   34     9,929   56  
Any disruptions  #   #                 1,292 ! 79  
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent              989 ! 42 !   1,115 ! 47  
3–5 percent        640 ! 7 !   2,552   28     5,717   63  
6–10 percent              2,266 ! 32     4,131   59  
More than 10 percent  #   #     #   #     474 ! 65 !      
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                       
No violent incidents  #   #                 803 ! 61  
Any violent incidents  410 ! 2 !   1,200 ! 7 !   5,883   33     10,419   58  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. This includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
2 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education