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Table 21.  Percentage distribution of public schools reporting selected percentages of parents or guardians that attended special subject-area events or volunteered at school, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic  Percent of students with a parent or guardian that attended a special subject-area event1    Percent of students with a parent or guardian that volunteered at school or served on a committee
0–25 per-
cent of students
26–50 per-
cent of students
51–75 per-
cent of students
76–100 per-
cent of students
School
does not offer
  0–25 per-
cent of students
26–50 per-
cent of students
51–75 per-
cent of students
76–100 per-
cent of students
School
does not offer
All public schools  10 25 32 29 3   52 29 13 5 1
                       
Level2                       
Primary  6 22 32 36 3   42 34 17 6 1
Middle  14 27 32 23 3   63 26 7 2 1
High school  22 33 29 12 4   71 19 5 2 4
Combined  14 28 39 15 4   66 21 6 4 3
                       
Enrollment size                       
Less than 300  7 19 30 37 6   46 33 13 6 2
300–499  9 25 30 34 2   50 28 18 4 1
500–999  11 25 37 24 3   52 31 11 5 1
1,000 or more  20 36 28 14 2   68 22 6 4 1
                       
Urbanicity                       
City  16 30 32 20 2   60 29 7 4 1
Urban fringe  10 22 33 34 2   43 31 19 6 1
Town  11 23 32 26 7   59 23 13 3 2
Rural  7 24 33 32 4   51 30 11 6 2
                       
Crime level where
students live3 
                     
High  25 38 18 13 6   80 17 2 # 2
Moderate  18 31 32 16 3   67 25 6 2 1
Low  6 21 33 36 3   43 33 17 6 2
Mixed  11 25 36 24 3   55 27 12 6 #
                       
Percent minority
enrollment4 
                     
Less than 5 percent  5 19 35 38 4   53 29 11 5 2
5 to 20 percent  6 20 31 40 3   35 37 20 8 1
20 to 50 percent  8 28 31 29 4   49 28 17 4 2
50 percent or more  20 29 34 14 3   66 25 6 3 1
                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                     
0–20 percent  6 15 29 48 2   30 33 23 12 2
21–50 percent  8 26 33 30 3   50 33 12 3 1
More than 50 percent  16 29 34 17 5   65 24 8 2 1
                       
Percent of students
below 15th percentile on
standardized tests 
                     
0–5 percent  5 22 30 42 1   40 30 20 9 1
6–15 percent  10 22 34 30 4   50 33 11 4 2
More than 15 percent  17 32 32 14 4   65 24 8 2 1
                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                     
0–35 percent  17 29 30 19 6   65 25 7 1 1
36–60 percent  10 26 35 25 3   56 34 7 2 1
More than 60 percent  6 21 33 39 2   38 29 21 9 2
                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                     
0–25 percent  24 27 26 16 7   70 23 3 2 2
26–50 percent  11 31 35 19 3   59 27 11 1 2
51–75 percent  12 27 33 24 5   56 32 9 3 1
More than 75 percent  6 19 32 41 1   39 31 20 9 1
                       
Percent male enrollment                       
0–44 percent  8 24 25 35 8   48 30 13 7 2
45–55 percent  11 25 34 27 3   53 29 13 4 1
More than 55 percent  10 23 27 37 3   44 30 14 9 3
                       
Student-to-teacher ratio5                       
Less than 12 students  10 23 32 31 3   54 26 13 4 2
12–16 students  11 27 31 27 4   53 30 12 4 1
More than 16 students  10 24 36 28 3   43 35 15 7 #
                       
Number of classroom changes6                       
0–3 changes  5 24 31 36 5   40 34 17 8 2
4–6 changes  12 25 33 27 3   52 29 13 4 1
More than 6 changes  13 25 34 26 3   61 25 9 2 2
                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                       
Regular use  14 29 32 22 2   59 26 11 4 2
No regular use  8 21 32 34 4   46 32 15 6 1
                       
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
                     
No problems  8 23 33 34 3   46 30 17 6 1
1 problem  10 29 34 25 3   52 38 7 2 1
2 problems  18 28 33 19 3   71 18 7 4 #
3 or more problems  25 29 27 11 9   75 17 3 2 3
                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
                     
0 to 6 percent  8 18 28 44 2   41 29 17 10 2
6 to 11 percent  9 26 30 34 2   50 32 11 5 2
11 to 21 percent  9 25 37 26 4   50 29 17 3 1
21 percent or more  15 29 33 18 5   63 27 7 3 1
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
                     
No disruptions  10 24 33 30 4   51 30 14 5 1
Any disruptions  18 36 24 19 2   64 24 4 6 2
                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                     
0–2 percent  5 9 29 52 5   30 33 21 12 3
3–5 percent  7 25 33 31 3   49 30 15 5 1
6–10 percent  16 29 33 19 3   61 27 8 2 1
More than 10 percent  19 25 27 26 4   59 26 7 5 2
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents11                       
No violent incidents  5 17 25 48 5   34 33 18 13 2
Any violent incidents  12 27 34 24 3   56 28 12 3 1
# Rounds to zero.
1 Examples of special subject area events provided to respondents were science fairs or concerts.
2 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding. Reponses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education