Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table E-18-1.  Percentage distribution of students at National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics achievement levels, by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity: Various years, 2005–11

Sex and race/ethnicity 4th grade   8th grade   12th grade
2007   2009   2011   2007   2009   2011   2005   2009
Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced   Below Basic At or above Basic At or above Pro- ficient At Ad-vanced
Total1 18 82 39 6   18 82 39 6   18 82 40 7   29 71 32 7   27 73 34 8   27 73 35 8   39 61 23 2   36 64 26 3
                                                                               
Sex                                                                              
Male 18 82 41 7   18 82 41 7   17 83 42 8   28 72 34 8   27 73 36 9   27 73 36 9   38 62 25 3   35 65 28 4
Female 18 82 37 4   18 82 37 5   18 82 39 6   29 71 30 6   28 72 32 7   27 73 34 7   40 60 21 1   37 63 24 2
                                                                               
Race/ethnicity                                                                              
White 9 91 51 8   9 91 51 8   9 91 52 9   18 82 42 9   17 83 44 11   16 84 44 11   30 70 29 3   25 75 33 3
Black 36 64 15 1   36 64 16 1   34 66 17 1   53 47 11 1   50 50 12 1   49 51 13 2   70 30 6 #   63 37 6 #
Hispanic 30 70 22 1   29 71 22 1   28 72 24 2   45 55 15 2   43 57 17 2   39 61 20 3   60 40 8 #   55 45 11 #
Asian/Pacific Islander 9 91 58 15   8 92 60 17   9 91 62 19   17 83 50 17   15 85 54 20   14 86 55 22   27 73 36 6   16 84 52 10
Asian 2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   7 93 64 20   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   12 88 58 24   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
Native Hawaiian/Pacific
Islander
2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   23 77 34 7   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   41 59 22 4   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
American Indian/Alaska Native 30 70 25 2   34 66 21 2   34 66 22 2   47 53 16 2   44 56 18 3   45 55 17 3   58 42 6 1   44 56 12 #
Two or more races     13 87 45 10       22 78 39 11    
                                                                               
Race/ethnicity by sex                                                                              
Male                                                                              
White 8 92 54 9   9 91 53 10   9 91 54 10   17 83 44 11   17 83 46 12   16 84 46 12   29 71 31 4   25 75 35 4
Black 38 62 15 1   38 62 16 1   35 65 17 1   53 47 11 1   52 48 12 1   51 49 13 2   70 30 7 #   64 36 6 #
Hispanic 30 70 24 2   29 71 23 2   26 74 25 2   45 55 17 2   41 59 19 2   39 61 21 3   59 41 8 1   51 49 13 1
Asian/Pacific Islander 9 91 61 18   8 92 61 17   10 90 62 19   18 82 51 19   16 84 55 21   16 84 53 24   29 71 37 10   17 83 52 12
Asian 2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   8 92 64 20   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   14 86 57 25   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
Native Hawaiian/Pacific
Islander
2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   21 79 36 5   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   48 52 17 3   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
American Indian/Alaska Native 30 70 25 3   33 67 22 2   34 66 24 3   46 54 18 2   42 58 20 4   46 54 18 4     40 60 14 #
Two or more races     13 87 47 12       22 78 39 11    
Female                                                                              
White 9 91 48 6   10 90 48 7   9 91 50 7   18 82 39 8   17 83 42 10   17 83 43 10   30 70 27 2   26 74 30 2
Black 35 65 16 1   35 65 16 1   33 67 18 1   52 48 11 1   49 51 13 1   47 53 14 1   70 30 5 #   63 37 6 #
Hispanic 31 69 20 1   30 70 20 1   29 71 22 2   46 54 14 2   45 55 15 2   40 60 19 2   62 38 8 #   58 42 9 #
Asian/Pacific Islander 9 91 56 13   9 91 60 17   8 92 62 19   17 83 49 16   14 86 52 19   12 88 57 21   25 75 35 3   16 84 51 8
Asian 2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   7 93 65 20   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   11 89 59 22   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
Native Hawaiian/Pacific
Islander
2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   25 75 32 8   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2   32 68 28 6   2 2 2 2   2 2 2 2
American Indian/Alaska Native 30 70 24 2   35 65 21 1   33 67 21 1   48 52 15 3   46 54 17 2   45 55 17 3     46 54 10 #
Two or more races     13 87 44 9       23 77 39 11    
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately in the table.
2Separate estimates for Asians and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders were not available.
NOTE: NAEP achievement levels define what students should know and be able to do. Basic denotes partial mastery of knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade. Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter. Advanced signifies superior performance. NAEP reports data on student race/ethnicity based on information obtained from school rosters. The NAEP assessment was not administered to grade 12 in 2007 or 2011. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessment, NAEP Data Explorer.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education