The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) of 2001 has followed a nationally representative cohort of children from birth through preschool age. This indicator presents findings on these children's early education and child care arrangements in 2000–01, 2003–04, and 2005–06, when most of the children were about 9 months, 2 years, and 4 years old, respectively. At each of these collections, parents provided information on whether their child was in nonparental child care and, if so, what type of care (relative, nonrelative, or center-based).
In 2001, some 46 percent of American Indian/Alaska Native children 9 months of age were in some kind of regular nonparental child care arrangement. Forty-three percent of 2-year-old American Indian/Alaska Native children in 2004 and 80 percent of 4-year-old American Indian/Alaska Native children in 2006 were in some kind of child care.
Six percent of American Indian/Alaska Native 9-month-old children were in home-based care with a nonrelative. This was a smaller percentage than that of children of more than one race having this childcare arrangement (16 percent), as well as that of White (17 percent), Black (15 percent), Hispanic (11 percent), and Asian children (10 percent) having this arrangement. A greater percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native 9-month-old children (12 percent) were in center-based care than Hispanic (5 percent) and Asian children (4 percent).
At 2 years of age and 4 years of age, few differences were detected among the child care arrangements between American Indian/Alaska Native children and those of other race groups, partly because of large standard errors. A lower percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native 2-year-old children received center-based care in 2004 (14 percent) than Black 2-year-old children (24 percent). In 2006, the percentage of American Indian/Alaska Native 4-yearolds receiving center-based care was not significantly different from Black, White, and Asian 4-year olds, but was higher than the percentage for Hispanics (60 percent vs. 49 percent).
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