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Status of Education in Rural America
NCES 2007-040
June 2007

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Table 3.1.

Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools and percentage distribution of revenues, by source of funds, locale, and district poverty level: 200304


Locale and district poverty level1 Amount (in thousands) Percentage distribution
Total Federal State Local Total Federal State Local
All Impact Aid2 All Impact Aid2
Total $453,400,652 $37,808,157 $1,139,359 $209,701,624 $205,890,871 100.0 8.3 0.3 46.3 45.4
City 146,163,198 15,900,546 217,639 67,718,762 62,543,890 100.0 10.9 0.1 46.3 42.8
Low 9,091,268 325,552 11,908 3,071,008 5,694,708 100.0 3.6 0.1 33.8 62.6
Middle low 15,653,185 1,013,323 65,865 6,074,803 8,565,059 100.0 6.5 0.4 38.8 54.7
Middle 21,665,316 1,789,426 9,370 9,719,023 10,156,867 100.0 8.3 0.0 44.9 46.9
Middle high 32,710,740 3,669,580 111,655 15,694,559 13,346,601 100.0 11.2 0.3 48.0 40.8
High 67,042,689 9,102,665 18,841 33,159,369 24,780,655 100.0 13.6 0.0 49.5 37.0
Suburban 177,784,268 10,118,851 237,097 74,538,803 93,126,614 100.0 5.7 0.1 41.9 52.4
Low 70,526,667 2,014,290 66,527 22,891,008 45,621,369 100.0 2.9 0.1 32.5 64.7
Middle low 44,369,835 2,254,879 19,729 18,791,991 23,322,965 100.0 5.1 0.0 42.4 52.6
Middle 32,715,447 2,622,052 106,318 15,708,226 14,385,169 100.0 8.0 0.3 48.0 44.0
Middle high 21,057,785 2,085,385 37,027 11,833,911 7,138,489 100.0 9.9 0.2 56.2 33.9
High 9,114,534 1,142,245 7,496 5,313,667 2,658,622 100.0 12.5 0.1 58.3 29.2
Town 52,461,047 4,947,534 182,926 27,436,275 20,077,238 100.0 9.4 0.3 52.3 38.3
Low 5,387,222 191,254 9,454 2,498,273 2,697,695 100.0 3.6 0.2 46.4 50.1
Middle low 11,472,236 719,584 53,970 5,643,013 5,109,639 100.0 6.3 0.5 49.2 44.5
Middle 12,315,137 1,032,006 26,805 6,406,366 4,876,765 100.0 8.4 0.2 52.0 39.6
Middle high 14,151,139 1,549,708 30,789 7,624,610 4,976,821 100.0 11.0 0.2 53.9 35.2
High 9,135,313 1,454,982 61,908 5,264,013 2,416,318 100.0 15.9 0.7 57.6 26.5
Rural 76,992,139 6,841,226 501,697 40,007,784 30,143,129 100.0 8.9 0.7 52.0 39.2
Low 14,894,005 505,214 17,868 6,375,226 8,013,565 100.0 3.4 0.1 42.8 53.8
Middle low 17,509,198 986,990 41,956 8,563,810 7,958,398 100.0 5.6 0.2 48.9 45.5
Middle 17,615,960 1,406,807 37,297 9,654,650 6,554,503 100.0 8.0 0.2 54.8 37.2
Middle high 16,508,782 1,930,687 112,000 9,342,077 5,236,018 100.0 11.7 0.7 56.6 31.7
High 10,464,194 2,011,528 292,576 6,072,021 2,380,645 100.0 19.2 2.8 58.0 22.8
Fringe 33,786,582 2,487,836 98,070 16,614,548 14,684,198 100.0 7.4 0.3 49.2 43.5
Low 9,874,548 303,408 15,512 3,913,403 5,657,737 100.0 3.1 0.2 39.6 57.3
Middle low 8,262,287 451,178 9,405 3,948,181 3,862,928 100.0 5.5 0.1 47.8 46.8
Middle 6,680,348 540,788 14,340 3,674,730 2,464,830 100.0 8.1 0.2 55.0 36.9
Middle high 5,795,074 650,761 19,094 3,186,049 1,958,264 100.0 11.2 0.3 55.0 33.8
High 3,174,325 541,701 39,719 1,892,185 740,439 100.0 17.1 1.3 59.6 23.3
Distant 28,356,432 2,472,848 106,275 15,636,598 10,246,986 100.0 8.7 0.4 55.1 36.1
Low 6,241,127 324,077 1,572 3,913,403 2,052,444 100.0 3.9 # 48.9 47.2
Middle low 7,427,545 573,919 10,152 3,948,181 2,731,789 100.0 5.2 0.2 51.0 43.8
Middle 6,630,139 766,755 12,711 3,674,730 2,648,187 100.0 7.7 0.2 56.6 35.7
Middle high 3,712,766 640,519 35,989 3,186,049 1,940,245 100.0 11.6 0.5 59.2 29.3
High 674,602 34,228 45,851 1,892,185 874,321 100.0 17.3 1.2 59.2 23.5
Remote 14,849,125 1,880,542 297,352 7,756,638 5,211,945 100.0 12.7 2.0 52.2 35.1
Low 674,602 34,228 784 336,990 303,384 100.0 5.1 0.1 50.0 45.0
Middle low 3,005,784 211,735 22,399 1,430,368 1,363,681 100.0 7.0 0.7 47.6 45.4
Middle 3,508,067 292,100 10,246 1,774,481 1,441,486 100.0 8.3 0.3 50.6 41.1
Middle high 4,083,569 513,171 56,917 2,232,889 1,337,509 100.0 12.6 1.4 54.7 32.8
High 3,577,103 829,308 207,006 1,981,910 765,885 100.0 23.2 5.8 55.4 21.4
# Rounds to zero.
1 District poverty was determined by ranking school districts by the percentage of enrolled children ages 5–17 from families with an income below the poverty threshold, and then dividing these districts into five categories with equal proportions of the total enrollment. The low-poverty district category consists of 20 percent of students in districts with the lowest percentages of poor school-age children. Conversely, the high-poverty district category consists of the 20 percent of students in districts with the highest percentages of poor school-age children. For a comparison of poverty definitions, see appendix B.
2 Impact Aid was designed to assist local school districts that have lost property tax revenue due to the presence of tax-exempt federal property, or that have experienced increased expenditures due to the enrollment of federally connected children, including children living on Indian lands.
NOTE: Rural areas are located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster. Urbanized areas are densely settled areas containing at least 50,000 people. Urban clusters are densely settled areas with a population of 2,500 to 49,999. Fringe rural areas are 5 miles or less from an urbanized area or 2.5 miles or less from an urban cluster. Distant rural areas are more than 5 miles but less than or equal to 25 miles from an urbanized area, or more than 2.5 miles but less than or equal to 10 miles from an urban cluster. Remote rural areas are more than 25 miles from an urbanized area and more than 10 miles from an urban cluster. For more details on Census-defined areas, see http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ua/ua_2k.html. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 200304.
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