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Public and Private School Principle in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94
Table B25.-Mean ratings by public and private school principals regarding their influence 
           in establishing curriculum, hiring new teachers, and setting discipline policy, 
           by sex, race-ethnicity, and age:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
                                                                               Activity area
                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
                                         Establishing curriculum             Hiring new teachers        Setting discipline policy
                                        --------------------------       --------------------------     ------------------------------           
Principal characteristics                1987-88  1990-91 1993-94         1987-88  1990-91 1993-94       1987-88  1990-91 1993-94
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
PUBLIC
Total                                       0.01    0.02    0.02            0.02    0.02    0.02            0.01    0.01    0.01
  Sex
    Male                                    0.01    0.02    0.02            0.02    0.02    0.02            0.01    0.02    0.02
    Female                                  0.03    0.04    0.03            0.04    0.04    0.03            0.02    0.03    0.02
  Race-ethnicity
    American Indian/Alaska Native           0.16    0.23    0.15            0.19    0.18    0.13            0.17    0.14    0.12
    Asian/Pacific Islander                  0.15    0.32    0.13            0.22    0.26    0.10            0.15    0.09    0.09
    Black non-Hispanic                      0.06    0.08    0.04            0.07    0.07    0.05            0.06    0.06    0.04
    White non-Hispanic                      0.01    0.02    0.02            0.02    0.02    0.01            0.01    0.02    0.01
    Hispanic                                0.08    0.13    0.09            0.11    0.11    0.10            0.08    0.09    0.08
  Age
    Under 35                                0.07    0.10    0.08            0.10    0.09    0.10            0.05    0.06    0.08
    35-39                                   0.04    0.05    0.04            0.04    0.06    0.03            0.03    0.04    0.03
    40-44                                   0.02    0.04    0.04            0.04    0.03    0.03            0.02    0.02    0.03
    45-49                                   0.04    0.04    0.03            0.04    0.04    0.02            0.03    0.02    0.02
    50-54                                   0.04    0.04    0.04            0.05    0.04    0.03            0.04    0.04    0.03
    55 or over                              0.03    0.05    0.05            0.05    0.05    0.05            0.03    0.04    0.04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
Table B25.-Mean ratings by public and private school principals regarding their influence 
           in establishing curriculum, hiring new teachers, and setting discipline policy, 
           by sex, race-ethnicity, and age:  1987-88, 1990-91, and 1993-94(continued)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------     
                                                                               Activity area
                                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
                                         Establishing curriculum             Hiring new teachers        Setting discipline policy
                                        --------------------------       --------------------------     ------------------------------           
Principal characteristics                1987-88  1990-91 1993-94         1987-88  1990-91 1993-94       1987-88  1990-91 1993-94
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
PRIVATE
Total                                       0.03    0.03    0.03            0.04    0.04    0.03            0.03    0.03    0.02
  Sex
    Male                                    0.05    0.05    0.05            0.06    0.06    0.06            0.05    0.04    0.03
    Female                                  0.05    0.04    0.05            0.04    0.03    0.04            0.03    0.02    0.02
  Race-ethnicity
    American Indian/Alaska Native           0.69    0.50    0.16            0.19    0.04    1.01            0.37    0.22    0.02
    Asian/Pacific Islander                  0.30    0.44    0.31            0.05    0.14    0.22            0.07    0.15    0.00
    Black non-Hispanic                      0.13    0.26    0.12            0.17    0.15    0.10            0.19    0.12    0.08
    White non-Hispanic                      0.03    0.03    0.03            0.04    0.04    0.03            0.03    0.03    0.02
    Hispanic                                0.17    0.21    0.12            0.16    0.18    0.08            0.15    0.16    0.08
  Age
    Under 35                                0.08    0.16    0.16            0.14    0.16    0.19            0.07    0.07    0.12
    35-39                                   0.08    0.05    0.10            0.08    0.04    0.11            0.07    0.04    0.07
    40-44                                   0.06    0.05    0.06            0.07    0.07    0.04            0.08    0.04    0.03
    45-49                                   0.07    0.07    0.06            0.06    0.07    0.05            0.06    0.09    0.04
    50-54                                   0.09    0.07    0.07            0.06    0.07    0.03            0.05    0.04    0.03
    55 and over                             0.06    0.08    0.06            0.09    0.05    0.06            0.06    0.04    0.03
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   
NOTE:  Principals were asked to rate how much actual influence they had on each activity on a scale of 1 to 6, where 1 
represented none and 6 represented a great  deal. The 1993-94 questionnaires used a 0 to 5 scale, and 1993-94 scores in 
this table have been adjusted to the 1 to 6 scale.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Schools and Staffing Survey: 1987-88 
(School Administrator Questionnaire), 1990-91 (Public and Private School Administrator Questionnaires), and 1993-94 
(Public and Private School Principal Questionnaires).

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