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Table 3. Enrollment in educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1869-70 through fall 2018
  [In thousands]
Year Total enroll-ment, all levels Elemen-tary and secon-dary, total Public elementary and secondary schools Private elementary and secondary schools1 Postsecondary degree- granting institutions2
Total Prekinder- garten through grade 8 Grades 9 through 12 Total Prekinder-garten through grade 8 Grades 9 through 12 Total Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1869-70 6,872 6,792 80       52
1879-80 9,868 9,757 110       116
1889-90 14,491 14,334 12,723 12,520 203 1,611   1,516   95   157
1899-1900 17,092 16,855 15,503 14,984 519 1,352   1,241   111   238
1909-10 19,728 19,372 17,814 16,899 915 1,558   1,441   117   355
                           
1919-20 23,876 23,278 21,578 19,378 2,200 1,699   1,486   214   598
1929-30 29,430 28,329 25,678 21,279 4,399 2,651   2,310   341   1,101
1939-40 29,539 28,045 25,434 18,832 6,601 2,611   2,153   458   1,494 797 698
1949-50 31,151 28,492 25,111 19,387 5,725 3,380   2,708   672   2,659 1,355 1,304
Fall 1959 44,497 40,857 35,182 26,911 8,271 5,675   4,640   1,035   3,640 2,181 1,459
Fall 1969 59,055 51,050 45,550 32,513 13,037 5,500 3  4,200 3  1,300 3  8,005 5,897 2,108
                             
Fall 1970 59,838 51,257 45,894 32,558 13,336 5,363   4,052   1,311   8,581 6,428 2,153
Fall 1971 60,220 51,271 46,071 32,318 13,753 5,200 3  3,900 3  1,300 3  8,949 6,804 2,144
Fall 1972 59,941 50,726 45,726 31,879 13,848 5,000 3  3,700 3  1,300 3  9,215 7,071 2,144
Fall 1973 60,047 50,445 45,445 31,401 14,044 5,000 3  3,700 3  1,300 3  9,602 7,420 2,183
Fall 1974 60,297 50,073 45,073 30,971 14,103 5,000 3  3,700 3  1,300 3  10,224 7,989 2,235
                             
Fall 1975 61,004 49,819 44,819 30,515 14,304 5,000 3  3,700 3  1,300 3  11,185 8,835 2,350
Fall 1976 60,490 49,478 44,311 29,997 14,314 5,167   3,825   1,342   11,012 8,653 2,359
Fall 1977 60,003 48,717 43,577 29,375 14,203 5,140   3,797   1,343   11,286 8,847 2,439
Fall 1978 58,897 47,637 42,551 28,463 14,088 5,086   3,732   1,353   11,260 8,786 2,474
Fall 1979 58,221 46,651 41,651 28,034 13,616 5,000 3  3,700 3  1,300 3  11,570 9,037 2,533
                             
Fall 1980 58,305 46,208 40,877 27,647 13,231 5,331   3,992   1,339   12,097 9,457 2,640
Fall 1981 57,916 45,544 40,044 27,280 12,764 5,500 3  4,100 3  1,400 3  12,372 9,647 2,725
Fall 1982 57,591 45,166 39,566 27,161 12,405 5,600 3  4,200 3  1,400 3  12,426 9,696 2,730
Fall 1983 57,432 44,967 39,252 26,981 12,271 5,715   4,315   1,400   12,465 9,683 2,782
Fall 1984 57,150 44,908 39,208 26,905 12,304 5,700 3  4,300 3  1,400 3  12,242 9,477 2,765
                             
Fall 1985 57,226 44,979 39,422 27,034 12,388 5,557   4,195   1,362   12,247 9,479 2,768
Fall 1986 57,709 45,205 39,753 27,420 12,333 5,452 3  4,116 3  1,336 3  12,504 9,714 2,790
Fall 1987 58,254 45,488 40,008 27,933 12,076 5,479   4,232   1,247   12,767 9,973 2,793
Fall 1988 58,485 45,430 40,189 28,501 11,687 5,242 3  4,036 3  1,206 3  13,055 10,161 2,894
Fall 1989 59,680 46,141 40,543 29,150 11,393 5,599   4,468   1,131   13,539 10,578 2,961
                             
Fall 1990 60,683 46,864 41,217 29,876 11,341 5,648 3  4,512 3  1,136 3  13,819 10,845 2,974
Fall 1991 62,087 47,728 42,047 30,503 11,544 5,681   4,550   1,131   14,359 11,310 3,049
Fall 1992 63,181 48,694 42,823 31,086 11,737 5,870 3  4,746 3  1,125 3  14,487 11,385 3,103
Fall 1993 63,837 49,532 43,465 31,502 11,963 6,067   4,950   1,118   14,305 11,189 3,116
Fall 1994 64,385 50,106 44,111 31,896 12,215 5,994 3  4,856 3  1,138 3  14,279 11,134 3,145
                             
Fall 1995 65,020 50,759 44,840 32,338 12,502 5,918   4,756   1,163   14,262 11,092 3,169
Fall 1996 65,911 51,544 45,611 32,762 12,849 5,933 3  4,755 3  1,178 3  14,368 11,120 3,247
Fall 1997 66,574 52,071 46,127 33,071 13,056 5,944   4,759   1,185   14,502 11,196 3,306
Fall 1998 67,033 52,526 46,539 33,344 13,195 5,988 3  4,776 3  1,212 3  14,507 11,138 3,369
Fall 1999 67,667 52,875 46,857 33,486 13,371 6,018   4,789   1,229   14,791 11,309 3,482
                             
Fall 2000 68,685 53,373 47,204 33,686 13,517 6,169 3  4,906 3  1,264 3  15,312 11,753 3,560
Fall 2001 69,920 53,992 47,672 33,936 13,736 6,320   5,023   1,296   15,928 12,233 3,695
Fall 2002 71,015 54,403 48,183 34,114 14,069 6,220 3  4,915 3  1,306 3  16,612 12,752 3,860
Fall 2003 71,551 54,639 48,540 34,201 14,339 6,099   4,788   1,311   16,911 12,859 4,053
Fall 2004 72,154 54,882 48,795 34,178 14,618 6,087 3  4,756 3  1,331 3  17,272 12,980 4,292
                             
Fall 2005 72,674 55,187 49,113 34,204 14,909 6,073   4,724   1,349   17,487 13,022 4,466
Fall 2006 73,066 55,307 49,316 34,235 15,081 5,991 3  4,631 3  1,360 3  17,759 13,180 4,579
Fall 2007 73,451 55,203 49,293 34,205 15,087 5,910   4,546   1,364   18,248 13,491 4,757
Fall 20084 74,603 55,500 49,623 34,667 14,955 5,878   4,512   1,366   19,103 13,972 5,131
Fall 20095 75,194 55,632 49,788 34,973 14,815 5,845   4,484   1,361   19,562 14,523 5,039
                             
Fall 20105 75,532 55,850 50,034 35,335 14,698 5,817   4,464   1,353   19,681 14,609 5,072
Fall 20115 76,018 56,144 50,349 35,732 14,617 5,795   4,461   1,335   19,875 14,744 5,131
Fall 20125 76,619 56,545 50,767 36,126 14,641 5,778   4,466   1,312   20,074 14,882 5,192
Fall 20135 77,350 57,012 51,239 36,523 14,716 5,773   4,483   1,290   20,338 15,064 5,273
Fall 20145 78,102 57,544 51,769 36,903 14,866 5,775   4,509   1,265   20,558 15,220 5,338
                             
Fall 20155 78,880 58,137 52,346 37,160 15,186 5,791   4,545   1,246   20,743 15,347 5,397
Fall 20165 79,633 58,706 52,892 37,496 15,396 5,814   4,586   1,228   20,927 15,472 5,455
Fall 20175 80,418 59,270 53,426 37,838 15,588 5,843   4,626   1,217   21,148 15,626 5,523
Fall 20185 81,154 59,813 53,933 38,179 15,754 5,879   4,666   1,214   21,341 15,764 5,578
—Not available.
1 Beginning in fall 1980, data include estimates for an expanded universe of private schools. Therefore, direct comparisons with earlier years should be avoided.
2 Data for 1869-70 through 1949-50 include resident degree-credit students enrolled at any time during the academic year. Beginning in 1959, data include all resident and extension students enrolled at the beginning of the fall term.
3 Estimated.
4 Data for elementary and secondary are projected; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
5 Projected from Projections of Education Statistics to 2018 (high alternative for degree-granting institutions).
NOTE: Data for 1869-70 through 1949-50 reflect enrollment for the entire school year. Elementary and secondary enrollment includes students in local public school systems and in most private schools (religiously affiliated and nonsectarian), but generally excludes homeschooled children and students in subcollegiate departments of colleges and in federal schools. Based on the National Household Education Survey, the homeschooled children numbered approximately 1.5 million in 2007. Excludes preprimary pupils in private schools that do not offer kindergarten or above. Postsecondary data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1870 to 1910; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Systems, 1959 through 1980; Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 1981-82 through 2007-08; Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES:2007); Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989-90 through 2007-08; Projections of Education Statistics to 2018; Opening (Fall) Enrollment in Higher Education, 1959; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" surveys, 1969 through 1985; and 1986 through 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:86-99), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2009. (This table was prepared September 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education