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Table 336. Current-fund revenue of public degree-granting institutions, by source of funds: Selected years, 1980–81 through 2000–01 
Source 1980–81 1985–86 1990–91 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–991  1999–2000 2000–01
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  In thousands of current dollars
Total current-fund revenue $43,195,617 $65,004,632 $94,904,506 $123,501,152 $129,504,834 $137,570,935 $144,969,708 $157,313,664 $176,645,215
Tuition and fees 5,570,404 9,439,177 15,258,024 23,257,454 24,631,120 26,058,092 27,427,984 29,125,603 31,919,611
Federal government 5,540,101 6,852,370 9,763,427 13,672,467 14,189,358 14,544,027 15,554,372 16,952,116 19,744,966
Appropriations 1,128,101 1,401,367 1,604,548 1,826,738 1,830,604 1,570,329 1,679,660 1,583,132 1,719,963
Unrestricted grants and contracts 529,424 816,364 1,319,035 1,996,861 1,912,736 2,049,105 2,254,726 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts3  3,812,197 4,481,723 6,629,484 9,598,340 10,173,113 10,586,439 11,287,950 14,819,488 17,088,332
Independent operations (FFRDC)4  70,379 152,916 210,360 250,529 272,906 338,154 332,037 549,496 936,671
State governments 19,675,968 29,220,586 38,239,978 44,242,546 46,113,543 49,114,782 52,132,474 56,369,564 62,895,892
Appropriations 19,006,716 28,071,070 35,898,653 40,081,437 42,026,368 44,737,656 47,369,188 50,818,832 56,268,990
Unrestricted grants and contracts 45,390 88,779 250,168 924,837 690,665 498,485 497,396 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts 623,863 1,060,737 2,091,157 3,236,272 3,396,510 3,878,641 4,265,889 5,550,732 6,626,902
Local governments 1,622,938 2,325,844 3,531,714 5,074,511 5,019,600 5,279,349 5,546,546 6,039,978 7,052,431
Appropriations 1,478,001 2,150,459 3,159,789 4,397,098 4,348,960 4,594,289 4,792,860 5,217,976 5,582,287
Unrestricted grants and contracts 9,915 27,852 73,281 184,597 193,262 226,024 275,326 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts 135,022 147,533 298,644 492,815 477,377 459,036 478,360 822,003 1,470,144
Private gifts, grants, and contracts 1,100,084 2,109,782 3,651,107 5,089,344 5,584,198 6,123,038 6,752,392 7,488,781 8,948,322
Unrestricted 110,462 279,381 529,496 784,979 900,449 993,528 1,127,013
Restricted 989,622 1,830,401 3,121,611 4,304,365 4,683,749 5,129,511 5,625,378
Endowment income 214,561 398,603 431,235 721,079 784,695 887,093 958,363 1,170,163 1,351,989
Unrestricted 102,888 181,624 147,368 304,860 299,237 330,570 331,074
Restricted 111,673 216,979 283,867 416,219 485,458 556,523 627,288
Sales and services 8,455,449 12,990,670 21,546,202 27,399,796 28,851,838 30,491,654 31,595,145 33,982,146 38,250,128
Educational activities 943,737 1,596,946 2,700,185 3,528,610 3,888,767 4,142,825 4,559,546 4,817,258 4,988,373
Auxiliary enterprises 4,614,561 6,684,794 9,058,745 11,595,408 12,280,517 13,070,055 13,775,599 15,174,301 16,501,834
Hospitals 2,897,151 4,708,930 9,787,271 12,275,778 12,682,554 13,278,773 13,260,000 13,990,587 16,759,921
Other sources 1,016,110 1,667,600 2,482,819 4,043,955 4,330,483 5,072,901 5,002,432 6,185,313 6,481,876
  Percentage distribution
Total current-fund revenue 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Tuition and fees 12.9 14.5 16.1 18.8 19.0 18.9 18.9 18.5 18.1
Federal government 12.8 10.5 10.3 11.1 11.0 10.6 10.7 10.8 11.2
Appropriations 2.6 2.2 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Unrestricted grants and contracts 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts3  8.8 6.9 7.0 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.8 9.4 9.7
Independent operations (FFRDC)4  0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5
State governments 45.6 45.0 40.3 35.8 35.6 35.7 36.0 35.8 35.6
Appropriations 44.0 43.2 37.8 32.5 32.5 32.5 32.7 32.3 31.9
Unrestricted grants and contracts 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts 1.4 1.6 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.8
Local governments 3.8 3.6 3.7 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0
Appropriations 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
Unrestricted grants and contracts # # 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 (2) (2)
Restricted grants and contracts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8
Private gifts, grants, and contracts 2.5 3.2 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8 5.1
Unrestricted 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8
Restricted 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.9
Endowment income 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8
Unrestricted 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Restricted 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sales and services 19.6 20.0 22.7 22.2 22.3 22.2 21.8 21.6 21.7
Educational activities 2.2 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.8
Auxiliary enterprises 10.7 10.3 9.5 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.6 9.3
Hospitals 6.7 7.2 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.1 8.9 9.5
Other sources 2.4 2.6 2.6 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.7
—Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Data were imputed using alternative procedures. (See Guide to Sources for details.)
2 Included under restricted grants and contracts.
3 Excludes Pell Grants. Federally supported student aid that is received through students is included under tuition and auxiliary enterprises.
4 Generally includes only those revenues associated with major federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC).
NOTE: Data through 1990–91 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education," 1980–81 and 1985–86 surveys; and 1990–91 through 2000–01 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Finance Survey" (IPEDS-F:FY91–00), and Spring 2001 and Spring 2002. (This table was prepared October 2003.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education