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Table 27.  Percentage distribution of public school principals by race/ethnicity, percentage minority, and state: 2003–04

  Race/ethnicity      
State White, non-
Hispanic
  Black, non-
Hispanic
  American Indian/
Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
  Asian, non-
Hispanic
  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic   Hispanic, single or multiple races   Multiple races, non-
Hispanic1
  Minority2  
United States  82.4   10.6   0.7   0.5   0.1   5.3   0.4   17.6  
                                 
Alabama  73.5   24.4   1.0 ! #   #   1.0 ! #   26.5  
Alaska  79.7   2.8   7.9   1.2 ! #   5.0   3.4 ! 20.3  
Arizona  80.5   2.6   3.7   0.6 ! #   11.8   0.8 ! 19.5  
Arkansas  85.0   12.6   0.7   #   #   #   1.7 ! 15.0  
California  72.6   7.8   0.1 ! 1.9   0.1 ! 17.1   0.5 ! 27.4  
                                 
Colorado  79.1   7.2   0.5 ! 0.4 ! #   12.6   0.2 ! 20.9  
Connecticut  90.9   7.3   #   #   #   1.8 ! #   9.1  
Delaware  82.2   13.3   #   #   #   4.5   #   17.8  
District of Columbia  9.6   84.8   #   #   #   4.4   1.2 ! 90.4  
Florida  71.6   20.4   #   #   #   8.0   #   28.4  
                                 
Georgia  75.3   23.1   #   #   #   1.4 ! 0.2 ! 24.7  
Hawaii  27.7   2.4 ! #   49.8   16.7   0.4 ! 3.0 ! 72.3  
Idaho  98.2   #   #   #   #   1.3 ! 0.5 ! 1.8 !
Illinois  76.4   17.4   #   1.0 ! #   5.3   #   23.6  
Indiana  93.3   6.7   #   #   #   #   #   6.7  
                                 
Iowa  97.7   2.2 ! #   #   #   #   0.1 ! 2.3 !
Kansas  95.6   1.9 ! 0.6 ! #   #   1.9 ! #   4.4  
Kentucky  95.9   4.1 ! #   #   #   #   #   4.1 !
Louisiana  64.3   35.7   #   #   #   #   #   35.7  
Maine  97.9   #   1.5 ! #   #   #   0.6 ! 2.1 !
                                 
Maryland  69.7   28.8   1.4 ! #   #   #   0.2 ! 30.3  
Massachusetts  94.1   2.0 ! #   0.3 ! #   3.6   #   5.9  
Michigan  83.1   15.5   0.9 ! #   #   0.3 ! 0.2 ! 16.9  
Minnesota  95.3   2.2   1.0 ! 1.1 ! #   0.5 ! #   4.7  
Mississippi  65.2   34.5   #   0.3 ! #   #   #   34.8  
                                 
Missouri  90.3   8.0   1.0 ! #   #   0.8 ! #   9.7  
Montana  95.4   0.3   3.2 ! #   #   0.5 ! 0.7 ! 4.6  
Nebraska  96.7   1.4 ! #   #   #   1.3 ! 0.6 ! 3.3  
Nevada  83.6   7.9   3.7   #   #   4.9   #   16.4  
New Hampshire  97.6   #   #   1.2 ! #   1.3 ! #   2.4 !
                                 
New Jersey  82.4   10.0   #   #   #   7.6   #   17.6  
New Mexico  59.4   1.2 ! 1.0 ! 0.2   #   38.3   #   40.6  
New York  89.6   6.4   #   #   #   2.7   1.3 ! 10.4  
North Carolina  80.7   16.8   1.2 ! #   #   1.0 ! 0.3 ! 19.3  
North Dakota  97.2   #   1.7 ! #   #   0.7 ! 0.5 ! 2.8  
                                 
Ohio  88.6   10.6   0.5 ! #   #   0.3 ! #   11.4  
Oklahoma  80.1   5.3   10.4   #   0.7 ! 0.1 ! 3.4   19.9  
Oregon  91.9   1.4 ! 1.5 ! 1.3 ! 0.5 ! 1.4 ! 2.0 ! 8.1  
Pennsylvania  89.1   9.6   #   #   #   0.7 ! 0.6 ! 10.9  
Rhode Island  94.0   2.0 ! #   #   1.5 ! 2.4 ! #   6.0  
                                 
South Carolina  72.3   27.1   #   #   #   0.5 ! #   27.7  
South Dakota  92.9   #   3.2   #   #   0.9 ! 3.0 ! 7.1  
Tennessee  80.7   17.7   0.8 ! #   #   0.8 ! #   19.3  
Texas  74.1   9.0   #   #   #   16.8   0.1 ! 25.9  
Utah  94.2   #   #   #   #   5.8   #   5.8  
                                 
Vermont  99.6   #   #   #   #   0.4 ! #   0.4 !
Virginia  80.6   19.2   0.3 ! #   #   #   #   19.4  
Washington  90.7   3.1   0.2 ! 2.3 ! 0.2 ! 3.2   0.2 ! 9.3  
West Virginia  95.8   1.8 ! 1.4 ! #   #   1.0 ! #   4.2 !
Wisconsin  92.7   3.9   1.5 ! #   #   0.9 ! 1.0 ! 7.3  
Wyoming  98.0   #   0.8 ! #   #   0.5 ! 0.8 ! 2.0 !
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Multiple races, non-Hispanic includes all non-Hispanic respondents who selected more than one race.
2 Minority includes Black, non-Hispanic; American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic; Asian, non-Hispanic; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic; Hispanic, single or multiple races; and multiple races, non-Hispanic.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, Public School Principal Data File, 2003–04.

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