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Table 8.    Average number of public school teachers and average number of public school teachers who were dismissed in the previous year or did not have their contracts renewed based on poor performance, by tenure status of teachers and state: 2007–08

Average number of teachers in public school districts who were dismissed or did not have their contracts renewed
State Average number of teachers       Average number of teachers in public schools who were dismissed or did not have their contracts renewed, by tenure status
Teachers without tenure1   Teachers with tenure2  
United States  211.4   4.4     1.4   3.0  
                   
Alabama  384.7   14.0     7.9   6.2  
Alaska  166.1   9.7     1.0   8.6  
Arizona  99.6   2.5     0.5   2.0  
Arkansas  123.0   0.2 !   0.1   0.2 !
California  285.4   8.6     2.8   5.8  
                   
Colorado  244.5   7.2     3.3   4.0  
Connecticut  239.5   4.6     1.3   3.3 !
Delaware  227.5   1.2     1.2   #  
District of Columbia  110.0   1.9 !   1.8 ! 0.1  
Florida  2,070.1   26.9     19.5   7.4  
                   
Georgia  631.4   10.2     1.6   8.6  
Hawaii  11,120.0   127.0     127.0   #  
Idaho  131.0   4.6     1.0   3.6  
Illinois  167.6   4.1     2.1   2.0 !
Indiana  190.3   3.8 !   0.4   3.4 !
                   
Iowa  103.9   1.5     0.1   1.4  
Kansas  137.0   2.7     0.6   2.1  
Kentucky  194.2   6.6     2.7   3.8  
Louisiana  552.4   19.6     6.4   13.2  
Maine  90.6   3.1     0.3   2.8  
                   
Maryland  2,602.6   62.8     30.1   32.7  
Massachusetts  228.0   7.8     4.3   3.6 !
Michigan  115.9   3.3     0.2   3.0  
Minnesota  128.8   4.8     1.0   3.8  
Mississippi  213.9   6.5     4.7   1.8 !
                   
Missouri  128.3   2.9     0.6   2.3  
Montana  42.0   1.1     0.3   0.8 !
Nebraska  95.1   2.7 !   0.1   2.6 !
Nevada  1,527.4   8.6     3.3   5.3  
New Hampshire  147.4   4.3     0.8   3.5  
                   
New Jersey  181.5   4.0     1.9   2.1  
New Mexico  193.3   4.2     0.5   3.6  
New York  305.9   3.8     1.6   2.2  
North Carolina  496.1   4.5     1.5   3.0  
North Dakota  46.2   0.3 !   #   0.2 !
                   
Ohio  125.2   3.0     0.5   2.4  
Oklahoma  75.7   2.8     0.5   2.2  
Oregon  163.2   1.9     0.5   1.4  
Pennsylvania  180.9   1.0     0.3   0.6  
Rhode Island  237.3   1.7     0.8   0.9  
                   
South Carolina  434.3   7.2     1.4   5.7  
South Dakota  59.8   7.1     0.3   6.8  
Tennessee  530.4   5.6     4.0   1.5 !
Texas  254.0   4.2     0.9   3.3  
Utah  279.7   2.9     2.6   0.2  
                   
Vermont  123.2   1.1     0.4   0.7  
Virginia  507.7   6.7     1.8   4.9  
Washington  205.0   2.3     0.6   1.7 !
West Virginia  344.2   10.3     1.5   8.8  
Wisconsin  153.9   3.6     0.3   3.3  
Wyoming  147.1   2.6     0.6   2.0  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 30 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1Teachers who are often relatively inexperienced or novices. This includes teachers in their initial induction year, teachers who are on year-to-year contracts, and those teachers who have not entered a more permanent status, traditionally referred to as tenure.
2Teachers who have satisfactorily completed a probationary period and were given a contract as a career or permanent employee.
NOTE: The 2007–08 SASS sampled all districts in Florida, Hawaii, and Maryland. As a result of sampling, variance estimates for these states are always equal to zero and noted with a dagger (†).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2007–08.


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