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Table 2.

Percentage of fourth-grade students in the United States and at the international median of participating jurisdictions reaching the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) international benchmarks in reading literacy: 2006


  Advanced High Intermediate Low
625 or above s.e. 550 or above s.e. 475 or above s.e. 400 or above s.e.
International median 7 41 76 94
United States 12* 1.2 47* 2.0 82* 1.4 96* 0.6
† Not applicable.
*p < .05. Significantly different from international median percentage at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: The cutpoint scores for the four international benchmarks are as follows: 625 for advanced, 550 for high, 475 for intermediate, and 400 for low. Standard error is abbreviated as "s.e." The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference.
SOURCE: Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report: IEA’s Progress in International Reading Literacy Study in Primary Schools in 40 Countries, exhibit 2.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College.