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Table 1.

Average scores of fourth-grade students on Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) reading literacy scale and cutpoint scores for bottom and top 10 percent of students in each jurisdiction, by jurisdiction: 2006


Jurisdiction Score s.e. Cutpoint score
Bottom 10 percent s.e. Top 10 percent s.e.
Russian Federation 565 3.4 474 4.0 649 3.6
Hong Kong, SAR1 564 2.4 486 5.1 637 2.4
Canada, Alberta 560 2.4 472 3.9 645 3.1
Canada, British Colombia 558 2.6 467 7.3 645 2.7
Singapore 558 2.9 456 4.7 652 4.0
Luxembourg 557 1.1 470 3.7 641 1.9
Canada, Ontario 555 2.7 463 5.6 644 3.6
Hungary 551 3.0 459 8.2 637 3.0
Italy 551 2.9 462 4.5 637 4.8
Sweden 549 2.3 465 6.5 627 3.1
Germany 548 2.2 463 4.2 627 1.8
Belgium (Flemish)2 547 2.0 474 3.7 616 1.9
Bulgaria 547 4.4 437 5.2 647 5.6
Netherlands2 547 1.5 478 2.9 613 1.4
Denmark 546 2.3 454 6.1 629 3.3
Canada, Nova Scotia 542 2.2 442 3.4 634 3.6
Latvia 541 2.3 460 3.6 619 2.8
United States2 540 3.5 441 6.6 631 3.7
England 539 2.6 423 5.1 645 3.4
Austria 538 2.2 454 3.3 617 4.0
Lithuania 537 1.6 461 3.4 608 2.6
Chinese Taipei 535 2.0 451 3.9 613 2.3
Canada, Quebec 533 2.8 450 5.0 611 4.1
New Zealand 532 2.0 415 4.0 637 4.0
Slovak Republic 531 2.8 433 6.0 617 2.9
Scotland2 527 2.8 420 7.4 624 3.3
France 522 2.1 433 3.2 605 1.7
Slovenia 522 2.1 427 2.9 608 3.0
Poland 519 2.4 417 4.9 612 2.9
Spain 513 2.5 420 5.1 599 3.6
Israel 512 3.3 369 10.1 626 2.8
Iceland 511 1.3 417 3.5 594 2.2
Belgium (French) 500 2.6 409 4.1 585 3.5
Moldova, Rep. of 500 3.0 406 5.1 584 3.8
Norway3 498 2.6 409 5.8 579 2.8
Romania 489 5.0 362 10.2 597 4.6
Georgia 471 3.1 369 5.0 565 2.2
Macedonia, Rep. of 442 4.1 305 6.4 571 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago 436 4.9 295 7.9 563 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 421 3.1 295 5.3 539 3.4
Indonesia 405 4.1 301 6.6 504 4.7
Qatar 353 1.1 228 3.7 479 1.8
Kuwait 330 4.2 186 8.3 476 4.8
Morocco 323 5.9 181 7.3 468 10.2
South Africa 302 5.6 141 5.3 500 12.9
    
 Score is higher than U.S. score.
    
 Score is lower than U.S. score.
1 Hong Kong, SAR, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China.
2 Met Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
3 Did not meet guidelines for sample participation rates after replacement schools were included.
NOTE: Jurisdictions are ordered on the basis of average scores, from highest to lowest. Reading literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. A cutpoint score is the threshold score for an established level of performance. The cutpoint scores for students in the top 10 percent is the 90th percentile score within the jurisdiction. The cutpoint score for students in the bottom 10 percent is the 10th percentile score within the jurisdiction. Standard error is abbreviated as "s.e." The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant.
SOURCE: Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report: IEA’s Progress in International Reading Literacy Study in Primary Schools in 40 Countries, exhibit 1.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College; and International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006, unpublished tabulations (November 2008).
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