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Table C.3.01. IEA: Percentage distribution and average achievement scores of fourth-grade students as reported by PIRLS, by hours of formal and integrated reading taught weekly and country: 2006

  More than 6 hours weekly   More than 3 up to and including 6 hours weekly   Up to and including 3 hours weekly  
  2006
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2001
 
Countries Percent   s.e   Score s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Score s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent s.e   Score s.e   Percent   s.e  
International average 25   0.5   500 1.3       31   0.6   501 1.1       44 0.6   500 0.9      
                                                                 
United States 68   3.4   538 4.1       22   3.0   546 5.4       10 2.7   540 8.2      
Hungary 56   4.5   551 4.1   25   5.7 31   4.3   550 7.4   -20   5.7 13 3.0   555 7.2      
Romania 54   4.1   494 6.1       26   3.6   493 9.5       20 3.7   473 12.0      
Moldova, Rep. of 50   3.8   503 4.5   23   5.3 30   4.0   499 6.6       20 3.6   487 7.0   -11 ! 5.2
Bulgaria 46   4.4   551 6.4   15 ! 5.6 33   4.2   543 9.6   -23   5.7 21 3.3   548 8.7      
                                                                 
Trinidad and Tobago 46   4.6   428 8.7       32   4.3   449 8.8       22 3.3   441 12.6      
Norway 44   4.5   498 3.9       30   3.9   499 5.3       25 4.2   498 5.4      
Canada, Nova Scotia 42   3.5   545 3.1       34   3.7   538 4.3       24 3.0   543 5.6      
Canada, British Columbia1 40   4.0   551 5.4       36   4.4   561 4.9       24 3.7   564 6.4      
Canada, Ontario 39   5.1   557 4.4       34   5.0   552 3.9       27 5.0   551 6.3      
                                                                 
Lithuania 39   3.3   537 3.0       31   3.1   538 3.3       30 3.2   537 3.4      
Qatar2 38   0.3   345 2.4       31   0.2   346 2.9       32 0.3   361 3.0      
Slovak Republic 37   3.1   534 4.2       43   3.6   531 4.6       21 3.0   526 8.9      
Georgia 33   3.9   467 6.0       28   3.9   475 6.3       39 4.1   472 4.8      
Canada, Alberta 30   3.4   553 3.1       40   3.4   562 4.8       30 3.7   563 4.6      
                                                                 
New Zealand 29   2.7   526 4.3       56   3.0   537 3.1       15 2.1   538 6.1      
France 29   3.8   523 4.6   18   4.7 48   4.1   519 3.1       23 3.1   530 4.7   -26   6.1
Russian Federation 28   3.2   563 6.9       60   2.9   567 4.6       12 2.1   558 6.7   #    
Kuwait1 27   3.7   329 9.2       32   4.5   331 9.1       41 4.5   332 7.3      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 27   3.2   423 7.5   -43   5.4 35   3.8   425 8.0       38 3.8   413 5.5   38   3.8
                                                                 
Denmark 25   3.8   545 5.2       31   3.7   548 4.1       43 3.9   548 3.3      
Belgium (French)1 25   3.3   504 6.9       36   3.2   501 4.2       39 3.6   497 4.3      
Israel1 24   4.5   545 8.2       24   4.7   532 13.9       52 4.7   492 8.0   15 ! 6.4
Spain 24   3.4   521 5.0       24   3.6   507 5.8       52 4.3   512 4.0      
Latvia 22   3.7   546 4.3       27   4.3   535 4.2   -23   6.6 50 4.4   540 3.7   30   5.9
                                                                 
Canada, Quebec 20   3.8   533 5.7       43   4.9   529 3.9       37 4.6   541 4.0      
Italy 19   3.1   551 6.7   #     30   3.7   550 4.9       51 3.8   553 4.1      
Sweden 18   3.1   548 3.7       27   4.0   550 4.0       55 4.1   549 3.1      
Singapore 17   2.1   558 8.1       19   2.1   561 7.0       64 2.7   558 3.9      
Macedonia, Rep. of 17   3.0   429 13.4   17   3.0 33   4.0   432 11.0   33   4.0 50 4.4   460 7.8   -50   4.4
                                                                 
Luxembourg 16   0.1   556 2.1       39   0.2   556 1.5       46 0.2   560 1.7      
Slovenia 14   2.4   512 5.4       16   2.2   520 4.4   -10 ! 4.4 69 3.1   523 2.5      
Morocco1 14   3.0   323 20.7   -13 ! 5.7 31   4.3   318 15.1       56 4.6   323 7.6      
Poland 13   2.7   509 8.1       40   3.9   523 3.3       47 4.3   518 3.7      
Netherlands 13   3.3   535 5.8   8 ! 3.8 42   4.1   547 2.4       45 4.3   549 2.7      
                                                                 
Belgium (Flemish) 12   2.7   542 5.9       26   4.0   546 4.6       61 4.5   547 2.3      
Scotland1 12   3.1   533 10.1       43   4.7   530 4.2       45 4.9   524 5.4      
Iceland1 10   0.2   511 3.4   1 ! 0.3   30   0.4   509 2.2   -12   0.5 59 0.4   511 1.9   11   0.6
South Africa1 10   1.9   302 20.9       18   2.7   288 16.1       72 2.7   303 8.4      
Indonesia 8 ! 2.5   397 11.0       23   3.0   404 9.1       69 3.7   409 5.3      
                                                                 
England 8   2.3   522 12.2       25   4.0   544 6.7       67 4.3   544 4.2   14 ! 6.0
Germany1 6   1.7   547 6.4       23   2.8   537 5.6       71 3.2   551 2.9   11 ! 4.6
Hong Kong SAR1,3 5 ! 2.0   567 6.7       22   3.6   572 6.4       74 4.1   563 3.1      
Austria 4 ! 1.3   531 8.5       28   3.4   545 4.1       67 3.3   536 2.6      
Chinese Taipei1     541 12.9       8 ! 2.6   537 6.2       89 2.9   535 2.5      
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2006 significantly higher.
▼2006 significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
2 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
NOTE: The international average does not include the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 5.11. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education