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Table C.1.07b. IEA: Percentage distribution and average science achievement scores of eighth-grade students as reported in TIMSS, by the Index of principals' perception of school climate (PPSC) and country: 2007
Country, ordered by high PPSC High PPSC   Medium PPSC   Low PPSC
2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 16   0.4   484 1.6         68 0.5   465 0.6         16   0.4   445 1.6      
                                                                     
Chinese Taipei 54   4.2   571 4.8   17 ! 5.7   42 4.2   552 5.3   -18 ! 5.7   4 ! 1.6   518 11.5      
Scotland1 35   4.1   512 6.7         59 4.6   485 5.1         6 ! 2.4   497 30.3   #    
Australia 33   3.5   557 8.1         58 4.5   501 3.8         9   2.4   465 10.3      
Indonesia 32   4.0   445 8.6   13 ! 5.1   58 4.4   428 5.6   -13 ! 5.8   11   3.1   424 10.7   #    
United States 32   3.2   547 4.4   -11 ! 4.6   57 3.7   513 3.8         12   2.2   485 10.6      
                                                                     
England1 31   3.9   563 8.3         65 3.9   536 5.9         4 ! 1.7   474 19.0      
Israel 26   3.4   493 10.2         66 4.1   465 5.7         7 ! 2.3   441 16.3      
Egypt 25   3.4   427 7.6         65 3.8   403 4.9         10   2.9   386 12.5      
Korea, Rep. of 25   3.6   553 3.5         66 3.6   553 2.6         9   2.2   551 8.3      
Jordan 25   3.4   510 6.7         67 4.1   477 4.7         8   2.3   432 14.9      
                                                                     
Singapore 24   0.0   626 7.1   -6   #   70 0.0   552 5.9   4   #   6   #   502 17.1   2   #
Malaysia 23   3.8   508 12.4         70 3.7   459 6.3   #       6 ! 1.8   469 16.8      
Qatar 23   0.1   298 3.4         70 0.1   322 1.6         7   0.1   341 4.5      
El Salvador 23   3.4   405 6.6         62 4.3   387 4.3         15   3.3   365 7.8      
Thailand 22   3.6   489 11.2         73 4.0   467 5.1         5 ! 1.9   441 19.7      
                                                                     
Malta 21   0.2   499 2.2         61 0.2   477 1.8         18   0.2   338 3.4      
Hong Kong SAR 21   3.6   564 7.5         67 4.4   523 6.3         12 ! 3.2   499 16.8      
Oman 20   3.6   434 7.6         69 4.0   422 4.2         11 ! 2.6   403 13.0      
Ghana 20   3.2   351 10.4         59 4.2   295 8.3         21   3.9   281 9.9      
Bahrain 18   0.2   492 5.0   7   0.2   76 0.2   466 1.7   3   0.3   6   0.1   422 4.8   -9   0.2
                                                                     
Syrian Arab Republic 17   3.1   450 8.0         69 3.3   452 3.6         14   2.8   453 8.4      
Lebanon 17   3.3   455 10.5         66 4.3   417 6.5         18   3.2   356 15.8      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 16   2.6   512 10.0         64 3.8   456 3.7         20   3.1   425 5.8      
Saudi Arabia 16   3.3   411 8.2         63 4.6   405 3.6         21   3.9   389 8.2      
Kuwait 15   2.7   429 8.8         70 3.8   418 3.6         15   3.1   406 10.7      
                                                                     
Colombia 14   2.6   443 8.6         52 4.5   420 4.4         34   4.8   403 9.6      
Sweden 13   2.5   532 7.3         78 3.6   507 3.1         8 ! 2.6   513 10.3      
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 11   2.6   422 7.2         78 3.3   403 3.9         11   2.4   392 14.8      
Cyprus 11   0.1   437 7.3   -10   0.2   74 0.2   454 2.2   -2   0.3   16   0.2   447 4.5   12   0.2
Japan 10   2.3   598 10.3   -18   4.2   77 3.2   552 2.2         13   2.7   530 7.6   10 ! 3.0
                                                                     
Hungary 9 ! 2.8   584 10.4         79 4.0   537 3.7         11   3.1   521 7.5      
Turkey 8   2.2   499 19.0         55 4.4   465 5.1         36   4.3   427 6.4      
Romania 8   2.1   496 13.0         61 4.2   464 4.8         31   4.1   452 8.6      
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7   2.0   475 7.4         80 3.0   465 3.4         13   2.5   463 6.3      
Algeria 7 ! 2.2   412 7.5         60 4.0   408 2.1         33   3.9   408 3.0      
                                                                     
Italy 7 ! 2.2   503 11.1         77 3.7   497 3.4         16   3.1   480 6.9      
Slovenia 7   2.0   558 8.0         85 3.0   537 2.4         8   2.2   527 9.5   #    
Serbia 7 ! 2.3   464 16.4         81 3.4   472 3.4         13   2.9   462 8.9   -13 ! 4.8
Botswana 6 ! 2.1   378 17.9   5 ! 2.3   58 4.6   357 4.4   27   6.2   35   4.8   342 5.3   -32   6.4
Bulgaria 5 ! 2.1   500 36.7         65 4.2   475 7.6         31   4.2   458 11.1      
                                                                     
Norway 5 ! 2.0   504 8.3   -8 ! 3.3   89 2.9   486 2.5         6 ! 2.2   477 4.0      
Armenia2 4 ! 1.7   461 15.6         73 3.8   491 7.6         23   3.5   482 8.1      
Ukraine 4 ! 1.6   550 10.9         87 2.9   486 3.7         10   2.4   449 11.3      
Tunisia 3 ! 1.4   477 7.7         44 3.6   451 3.3   14 ! 5.2   54   3.5   439 2.7   -15 ! 5.1
Czech Republic             58 4.0   548 2.9         40   4.2   526 3.2      
                                                                     
Lithuania             94 2.1   519 2.7         4 ! 1.6   495 7.4   #    
Russian Federation 2 ! 0.9           79 3.0   532 4.1   9 ! 4.2   19   3.1   514 6.1   -10 ! 4.2
Georgia #             72 4.3   422 5.9         28   4.3   414 5.8      
Morocco 16 ! 5.3   410 12.5         68 5.4   400 4.0         15   4.1   403 12.6      
Benchmarking Participants                                                                    
Dubai, UAE2 56   0.7   506 4.8         42 0.7   466 4.5         2   0.3        
Massachusetts, US 44   7.4   571 6.6         45 8.1   561 10.0         10 ! 3.0   491 13.9      
Minnesota, US 44   7.2   534 8.1         53 6.9   548 4.8             429 6.0      
British Columbia, Canada 35   4.9   539 5.2         62 5.0   521 4.0             527 37.1      
Ontario, Canada 34   4.7   545 5.1         57 5.1   522 4.0         9   2.5   509 10.4      
                                                                     
Basque Country, Spain 23   4.8   520 5.3         65 4.9   495 3.4   -13 ! 6.2   12   2.1   468 8.1      
Quebec, Canada 18   3.5   545 9.2         71 4.3   502 4.2         12   3.1   478 6.0      
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Indicates data are available for at least 50 percent but less than 70 percent of the students.
2 Indicates data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of the students.
NOTE: Index of principals' perception of school climate (PPSC) based on principals’ responses to eight questions about their schools: teachers' job satisfaction; teachers' understanding of the school's curricular goals; teachers' degree of success in implementing the school's curriculum; teachers' expectations for student achievement; parental support for student achievement; parental involvement in school activities; students' regard for school property; and students' desire to do well in school. Average is computed based on a 5-point scale: 1 = very high; 2 = high; 3 = medium; 4 = low; and 5 = very low. High level indicates average is less than or equal to 2. Medium level indicates that average is greater than 2 and less or equal to .3. Low level indicates average is greater than 3. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. (In 2001, the Russian Federation sample contained both third- and fourth-grade students; in 2006, however, all students were in fourth grade. Slovenia is in transition towards having all children begin school at an earlier age so that instead of having three years of primary schooling, as was the case in 2001, they all will have four years. This transition was not complete in 2006, however.) Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 8.12. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education