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Table B.1.71. Average combined mathematics literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by national quarters of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) and country: 2009
Country National quarters of the ESCS index   All students
Bottom quarter   Second quarter   Third quarter   Top quarter  
Mean   s.e.   Mean   s.e.   Mean   s.e.   Mean   s.e.   Mean   s.e.
OECD countries                                      
Australia 467   2.6   503   2.6   530   3.0   561   3.1   514   2.5
Austria 453   4.1   482   4.0   506   3.4   547   3.8   496   2.7
Belgium 455   3.4   497   3.3   535   2.4   579   2.9   515   2.3
Canada 493   2.4   516   1.8   537   1.9   565   2.3   527   1.6
Chile 381   3.2   405   3.3   426   3.7   475   4.0   421   3.1
                                       
Czech Republic 446   3.4   482   3.3   504   3.6   542   4.2   493   2.8
Denmark 461   3.4   495   3.4   515   3.5   544   3.2   503   2.6
Estonia 487   3.1   502   3.6   514   3.4   546   3.9   512   2.6
Finland 513   3.2   533   3.1   550   3.1   567   2.9   541   2.2
France 438   4.5   483   4.3   515   3.6   555   4.8   497   3.1
                                       
Germany 462   4.2   508   3.4   529   3.4   571   3.6   513   2.9
Greece 423   6.1   455   4.3   476   3.3   511   3.9   466   3.9
Hungary 429   5.4   479   3.8   501   4.1   552   5.2   490   3.5
Iceland 468   2.7   500   3.0   521   3.1   540   3.1   507   1.4
Ireland 445   3.8   479   3.7   502   3.6   527   3.1   487   2.5
                                       
Israel 387   5.2   436   3.6   471   3.7   502   4.7   447   3.3
Italy 444   3.5   476   2.0   495   2.3   517   2.5   483   1.9
Japan 490   4.7   520   4.3   544   4.3   565   3.8   529   3.3
Korea, Republic of 504   5.2   540   3.7   556   4.5   586   6.1   546   4.0
Luxembourg 433   2.7   474   2.6   510   2.9   543   2.9   489   1.2
                                       
Mexico 383   2.4   406   2.0   424   1.9   461   2.5   419   1.8
Netherlands 485   5.5   510   4.9   537   4.3   573   4.9   526   4.7
New Zealand 464   3.7   507   3.3   534   3.2   577   3.2   519   2.3
Norway 459   3.0   491   3.2   513   3.1   530   3.7   498   2.4
Poland 454   3.2   481   2.9   501   3.3   545   4.1   495   2.8
                                       
Portugal 441   3.7   466   3.0   497   3.7   544   4.6   487   2.9
Slovak Republic 446   4.6   487   4.0   506   3.3   549   4.9   497   3.1
Slovenia 458   2.9   485   2.8   510   3.0   555   2.7   501   1.2
Spain 443   2.9   471   2.6   492   2.3   529   3.0   483   2.1
Sweden 444   4.1   484   3.3   510   3.0   541   4.1   494   2.9
                                       
Switzerland 486   3.6   523   3.5   540   3.5   588   4.6   534   3.3
Turkey 398   3.9   429   4.3   449   4.7   507   7.2   445   4.4
United Kingdom 448   2.9   480   3.1   506   2.8   540   3.2   492   2.4
United States 439   3.6   468   3.2   500   3.6   544   4.3   487   3.6
                                       
Non-OECD countries                                      
Albania 345   5.5   367   4.1   386   5.1   413   5.5   377   4.0
Argentina 340   4.6   368   4.3   397   4.9   451   5.9   388   4.1
Azerbaijan 424   4.3   429   3.4   431   3.3   441   3.4   431   2.8
Brazil 354   1.9   375   2.7   384   3.2   432   4.1   386   2.4
Bulgaria 372   5.0   414   5.0   438   6.5   492   7.4   428   5.9
                                       
Chinese Taipei 497   3.9   531   4.3   554   3.9   591   6.0   543   3.4
Colombia 343   4.3   367   3.5   387   3.2   427   4.4   381   3.2
Costa Rica 380   3.3   391   3.2   414   3.4   455   4.5   409   3.0
Croatia 424   4.0   451   3.7   467   4.2   498   5.0   460   3.1
Dubai-UAE 372   3.7   404   2.6   441   2.5   471   4.1   421   2.5
                                       
Georgia 340   3.6   368   3.6   394   3.6   421   4.8   379   2.8
Himachal Pradesh-India 319   6.3   328   5.4   345   4.4   365   8.7   338   4.2
Hong Kong-China 523   4.8   545   3.4   562   3.3   589   4.2   555   2.7
Indonesia 350   3.5   356   3.3   372   4.3   406   6.5   371   3.7
Jordan 351   4.1   379   3.4   394   4.2   424   6.0   387   3.7
                                       
Kazakhstan 372   4.5   399   3.3   411   3.8   438   4.9   405   3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 295   3.9   317   3.4   337   3.9   377   5.6   331   2.9
Latvia 449   4.6   468   3.6   494   4.0   518   3.7   482   3.1
Liechtenstein 497   8.9   534   8.8   534   9.3   581   8.5   536   4.1
Lithuania 430   3.4   461   3.7   489   3.3   529   3.9   477   2.6
                                       
Macao-China 513   2.2   523   2.3   527   2.5   539   2.1   525   0.9
Malaysia 376   2.4   394   2.4   406   3.4   441   4.7   404   2.7
Malta 418   3.5   457   3.8   470   3.4   514   3.1   463   1.4
Mauritius 375   2.3   410   2.9   431   2.7   465   2.6   420   1.0
Miranda-Venezuela 338   5.2   384   5.8   421   4.6   454   4.5   397   4.3
                                       
Moldova, Republic of 359   4.7   390   3.9   400   3.4   442   4.5   397   3.1
Montenegro, Republic of 364   3.3   397   3.0   410   2.9   440   2.2   403   2.0
Panama 328   6.2   341   5.2   362   5.0   420   9.1   360   5.2
Peru 305   3.6   349   3.6   383   3.7   425   6.8   365   4.0
Qatar 327   1.6   363   1.8   391   2.4   393   2.0   368   0.7
                                       
Romania 389   4.8   421   3.8   435   4.3   463   4.7   427   3.4
Russian Federation 432   4.0   457   3.5   474   3.6   509   5.0   468   3.3
Serbia, Republic of 408   3.9   433   3.3   445   3.7   485   3.8   442   2.9
Shanghai-China 558   6.0   586   3.7   607   3.4   649   4.7   600   2.8
Singapore 509   3.1   549   3.2   580   3.2   611   3.3   562   1.4
                                       
Tamil Nadu-India 339   5.1   346   5.0   345   4.8   376   11.2   351   5.1
Thailand 397   4.2   404   3.4   411   2.9   463   6.0   419   3.2
Trinidad and Tobago 373   3.1   405   2.9   419   3.0   465   3.3   414   1.3
Tunisia 341   4.0   357   3.0   375   3.3   413   5.6   371   3.0
Uruguay 376   3.3   409   2.9   438   3.7   487   4.2   427   2.6
NOTE: Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. The PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) was created using student reports on parental occupation, the highest level of parental education, and three PISA index variables related to family wealth, home educational resources and possessions related to “classical” culture in the family home. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009, previously unpublished tabulation (December 2012).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education