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Table B.1.44. Average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on the reading literacy scale in PISA, by sex and country: 2009
Country Female   Male   Female-male difference
Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score difference * s.e.
OECD average   513 0.5   474 0.6   39   0.6
                     
OECD countries                    
Chile   461 3.6   439 3.9   22   4.1
Netherlands   521 5.3   496 5.1   24   2.4
United States   513 3.8   488 4.2   25   3.4
Mexico   438 2.1   413 2.1   25   1.6
United Kingdom   507 2.9   481 3.5   25   4.5
Belgium   520 2.9   493 3.4   27   4.4
Denmark   509 2.5   480 2.5   29   2.9
Spain   496 2.2   467 2.2   29   2.0
Canada   542 1.7   507 1.8   34   1.9
Korea, Republic of   558 3.8   523 4.9   35   5.9
Australia   533 2.6   496 2.9   37   3.1
Hungary   513 3.6   475 3.9   38   4.0
Portugal   508 2.9   470 3.5   38   2.4
Switzerland   520 2.7   481 2.9   39   2.5
Japan   540 3.7   501 5.6   39   6.8
Ireland   515 3.1   476 4.2   39   4.7
Luxembourg   492 1.5   453 1.9   39   2.3
Germany   518 2.9   478 3.6   40   3.9
France   515 3.4   475 4.3   40   3.7
Austria   490 4.0   449 3.8   41   5.5
Israel   495 3.4   452 5.2   42   5.2
Turkey   486 4.1   443 3.7   43   3.7
Iceland   522 1.9   478 2.1   44   2.8
Estonia   524 2.8   480 2.9   44   2.5
Sweden   521 3.1   475 3.2   46   2.7
New Zealand   544 2.6   499 3.6   46   4.3
Italy   510 1.9   464 2.3   46   2.8
Greece   506 3.5   459 5.5   47   4.3
Norway   527 2.9   480 3.0   47   2.9
Czech Republic   504 3.0   456 3.7   48   4.1
Poland   525 2.9   476 2.8   50   2.5
Slovak Republic   503 2.8   452 3.5   51   3.5
Slovenia   511 1.4   456 1.6   55   2.3
Finland   563 2.4   508 2.6   55   2.3
                     
Non-OECD countries                    
Colombia   418 4.0   408 4.5   9 ! 3.8
Peru   381 4.9   359 4.2   22   4.7
Azerbaijan   374 3.3   350 3.7   24   2.4
Brazil   425 2.8   397 2.9   29   1.7
Tunisia   418 3.0   387 3.2   31   2.2
Singapore   542 1.5   511 1.7   31   2.3
Liechtenstein   516 4.5   484 4.5   32   7.1
Hong Kong-China   550 2.8   518 3.3   33   4.4
Panama   387 7.3   354 7.0   33   6.7
Macao-China   504 1.2   470 1.3   34   1.7
Indonesia   420 3.9   383 3.8   37   3.3
Argentina   415 4.9   379 5.1   37   3.8
Chinese Taipei   514 3.6   477 3.7   37   5.3
Thailand   438 3.1   400 3.3   38   3.8
Serbia, Republic of   462 2.5   422 3.3   39   3.0
Shanghai-China   576 2.3   536 3.0   40   2.9
Uruguay   445 2.8   404 3.2   42   3.1
Romania   445 4.3   403 4.6   43   4.4
Kazakhstan   412 3.4   369 3.2   43   2.7
Russian Federation   482 3.4   437 3.6   45   2.7
Latvia   507 3.1   460 3.4   47   3.2
Qatar   397 1.0   347 1.3   50   1.8
Dubai-UAE   485 1.5   435 1.7   51   2.3
Croatia   503 3.7   452 3.4   51   4.6
Montenegro, Republic of   434 2.1   382 2.1   53   2.6
Kyrgyz Republic   340 3.2   287 3.8   53   2.7
Jordan   434 4.1   377 4.7   57   6.2
Trinidad and Tobago   445 1.6   387 1.9   58   2.5
Lithuania   498 2.6   439 2.8   59   2.8
Bulgaria   461 5.8   400 7.3   61   4.7
Albania   417 3.9   355 5.1   62   4.4
key Female-male difference is smaller than U.S. difference
key Female-male difference is not measurably different from U.S. difference
key Female-male difference is larger than U.S. difference
! Interpret data with caution.
* p < .05. All differences between females and males are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers.
NOTE: The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table R2. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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