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Table B.1.43. Average scores of 15-year-old students on the reading literacy scale and reading literacy subscales in PISA, by country: 2009
Reading literacy scale   Reading literacy subscales
  Access and retrieve   Integrate and interpret   Reflect and evaluate
Country Score s.e.   Country Score s.e.   Country Score s.e.   Country Score s.e.
OECD average 493 0.5   OECD average 495 0.5   OECD average 493 0.5   OECD average 494 0.5
                             
OECD countries       OECD countries       OECD countries       OECD countries    
Korea, Republic of 539 3.5   Korea, Republic of 542 3.6   Korea, Republic of 541 3.4   Korea, Republic of 542 3.9
Finland 536 2.3   Finland 532 2.7   Finland 538 2.3   Finland 536 2.2
Canada 524 1.5   Japan 530 3.8   Canada 522 1.5   Canada 535 1.6
New Zealand 521 2.4   New Zealand 521 2.4   Japan 520 3.5   New Zealand 531 2.5
Japan 520 3.5   Netherlands 519 5.1   New Zealand 517 2.4   Australia 523 2.5
Australia 515 2.3   Canada 517 1.5   Australia 513 2.4   Japan 521 3.9
Netherlands 508 5.1   Belgium 513 2.4   Netherlands 504 5.4   United States 512 4.0
Belgium 506 2.3   Australia 513 2.4   Belgium 504 2.5   Netherlands 510 5.0
Norway 503 2.6   Norway 512 2.8   Poland 503 2.8   Belgium 505 2.5
Estonia 501 2.6   Iceland 507 1.6   Iceland 503 1.5   Norway 505 2.7
Switzerland 501 2.4   Switzerland 505 2.7   Norway 502 2.7   United Kingdom 503 2.4
Poland 500 2.6   Sweden 505 2.9   Switzerland 502 2.5   Estonia 503 2.6
Iceland 500 1.4   Estonia 503 3.0   Germany 501 2.8   Ireland 502 3.1
United States 500 3.7   Denmark 502 2.6   Estonia 500 2.8   Sweden 502 3.0
Sweden 497 2.9   Hungary 501 3.7   France 497 3.6   Poland 498 2.8
Germany 497 2.7   Germany 501 3.5   Hungary 496 3.2   Switzerland 497 2.7
Ireland 496 3.0   Poland 500 2.8   United States 495 3.7   Portugal 496 3.3
France 496 3.4   Ireland 498 3.3   Sweden 494 3.0   Iceland 496 1.4
Denmark 495 2.1   United States 492 3.6   Ireland 494 3.0   France 495 3.4
United Kingdom 494 2.3   France 492 3.8   Denmark 492 2.1   Denmark 493 2.6
Hungary 494 3.2   United Kingdom 491 2.5   United Kingdom 491 2.4   Germany 491 2.8
Portugal 489 3.1   Slovak Republic 491 3.0   Italy 490 1.6   Greece 489 4.9
Italy 486 1.6   Slovenia 489 1.1   Slovenia 489 1.1   Hungary 489 3.3
Slovenia 483 1.0   Portugal 488 3.3   Czech Republic 488 2.9   Spain 483 2.2
Greece 483 4.3   Italy 482 1.8   Portugal 487 3.0   Israel 483 4.0
Spain 481 2.0   Spain 480 2.1   Greece 484 4.0   Italy 482 1.8
Czech Republic 478 2.9   Czech Republic 479 3.2   Slovak Republic 481 2.5   Turkey 473 4.0
Slovak Republic 477 2.5   Austria 477 3.2   Spain 481 2.0   Luxembourg 471 1.1
Israel 474 3.6   Luxembourg 471 1.3   Luxembourg 475 1.1   Slovenia 470 1.2
Luxembourg 472 1.3   Greece 468 4.4   Israel 473 3.4   Slovak Republic 466 2.9
Austria 470 2.9   Turkey 467 4.1   Austria 471 2.9   Austria 463 3.4
Turkey 464 3.5   Israel 463 4.1   Turkey 459 3.3   Czech Republic 462 3.1
Chile 449 3.1   Chile 444 3.4   Chile 452 3.1   Chile 452 3.2
Mexico 425 2.0   Mexico 433 2.1   Mexico 418 2.0   Mexico 432 1.9
                             
Non-OECD countries       Non-OECD countries       Non-OECD countries       Non-OECD countries    
Shanghai-China 556 2.4   Shanghai-China 549 2.9   Shanghai-China 558 2.5   Shanghai-China 557 2.4
Hong Kong-China 533 2.1   Hong Kong-China 530 2.7   Hong Kong-China 530 2.2   Hong Kong-China 540 2.5
Singapore 526 1.1   Singapore 526 1.4   Singapore 525 1.2   Singapore 529 1.1
Liechtenstein 499 2.8   Liechtenstein 508 4.0   Chinese Taipei 499 2.5   Liechtenstein 498 3.2
Chinese Taipei 495 2.6   Chinese Taipei 496 2.8   Liechtenstein 498 4.0   Chinese Taipei 493 2.8
Macao-China 487 0.9   Macao-China 493 1.2   Macao-China 488 0.8   Latvia 492 3.0
Latvia 484 3.0   Croatia 492 3.1   Latvia 484 2.8   Macao-China 481 0.8
Croatia 476 2.9   Lithuania 476 3.0   Croatia 472 2.9   Croatia 471 3.5
Lithuania 468 2.4   Latvia 476 3.6   Lithuania 469 2.4   Dubai-UAE 466 1.1
Dubai-UAE 459 1.1   Russian Federation 469 3.9   Russian Federation 467 3.1   Lithuania 463 2.5
Russian Federation 459 3.3   Dubai-UAE 458 1.4   Dubai-UAE 457 1.3   Russian Federation 441 3.7
Serbia, Republic of 442 2.4   Serbia, Republic of 449 3.1   Serbia, Republic of 445 2.4   Uruguay 436 2.9
Bulgaria 429 6.7   Thailand 431 3.5   Bulgaria 436 6.4   Serbia, Republic of 430 2.6
Uruguay 426 2.6   Bulgaria 430 8.3   Romania 425 4.0   Tunisia 427 3.0
Romania 424 4.1   Uruguay 424 2.9   Uruguay 423 2.6   Romania 426 4.5
Thailand 421 2.6   Romania 423 4.7   Montenegro, Republic of 420 1.6   Brazil 424 2.7
Trinidad and Tobago 416 1.2   Trinidad and Tobago 413 1.6   Trinidad and Tobago 419 1.4   Colombia 422 4.2
Colombia 413 3.7   Montenegro, Republic of 408 2.3   Thailand 416 2.6   Thailand 420 2.8
Brazil 412 2.7   Brazil 407 3.3   Colombia 411 3.8   Bulgaria 417 7.1
Montenegro, Republic of 408 1.7   Colombia 404 3.7   Jordan 410 3.1   Trinidad and Tobago 413 1.3
Jordan 405 3.3   Indonesia 399 4.7   Brazil 406 2.7   Indonesia 409 3.8
Tunisia 404 2.9   Kazakhstan 397 3.7   Argentina 398 4.7   Jordan 407 3.4
Indonesia 402 3.7   Argentina 394 4.8   Indonesia 397 3.5   Argentina 402 4.8
Argentina 398 4.6   Jordan 394 4.0   Kazakhstan 397 3.0   Montenegro, Republic of 383 1.9
Kazakhstan 390 3.1   Tunisia 393 3.3   Tunisia 393 2.7   Panama 377 6.3
Albania 385 4.0   Albania 380 4.7   Albania 393 3.8   Albania 376 4.6
Qatar 372 0.8   Peru 364 4.3   Qatar 379 0.9   Qatar 376 1.0
Panama 371 6.5   Panama 363 7.7   Azerbaijan 373 2.9   Kazakhstan 373 3.4
Peru 370 4.0   Azerbaijan 361 4.5   Panama 372 5.9   Peru 368 4.2
Azerbaijan 362 3.3   Qatar 354 1.0   Peru 371 4.0   Azerbaijan 335 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 314 3.2   Kyrgyz Republic 299 4.0   Kyrgyz Republic 327 2.9   Kyrgyz Republic 300 4.0
key Average is higher than the U.S. average
key Average is not measurably different from the U.S. average
key Average is lower than the U.S. average
NOTE: The access-and-retrieve subscale involves finding, selecting, and collecting information. The integrate-and-interpret subscale involves processing what is read to make internal sense of a text. The reflect-and-evaluate subscale involves drawing on knowledge, ideas, or values external to the text. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Countries are ordered on the basis of average scores, from highest to lowest within the OECD countries and non-OECD countries. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Score differences as noted between the United States and other countries (as well as between the United States and the OECD average) are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table R1. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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