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Table B.1.23. Average PISA problem-solving scores of 15-year-old students, by sex and jurisdiction: 2003

Jurisdiction Male   Female   Male - female score point difference s.e.
Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.  
  OECD average 499 0.8   501 0.8   -2 0.8
                   
OECD countries                
  Australia 527 2.7   533 2.5   -6 3.3
  Austria 505 3.9   508 3.8   -3 4.3
  Belgium 524 3.1   527 3.2   -4 4.5
  Canada 533 2.0   532 1.8   1 2.1
  Czech Republic 520 4.1   513 4.3   7 5.0
                   
  Denmark 519 3.1   514 2.9   5 3.2
  Finland 543 2.5   553 2.3   -10 3.0
  France 519 3.8   520 2.9   -1 4.1
  Germany 511 3.9   517 3.7   -6 3.9
  Greece 450 4.9   448 4.1   2 4.4
                   
  Hungary 499 3.4   503 3.4   -4 3.7
  Iceland 490 2.3   520 2.5   -31 3.9
  Ireland 499 2.8   498 3.5   1 4.2
  Italy 467 5.0   471 3.5   -4 6.0
  Japan 546 5.7   549 4.1   -2 5.7
                   
  Korea, Republic of 554 4.0   546 4.8   8 6.1
  Luxembourg 495 2.4   493 1.9   2 3.3
  Mexico 387 5.0   382 4.7   5 4.5
  Netherlands 522 3.6   518 3.6   5 4.1
  New Zealand 531 2.7   534 3.1   -3 3.8
                   
  Norway 486 3.1   494 3.2   -9 3.6
  Poland 486 3.4   487 3.0   -1 3.1
  Portugal 470 4.6   470 3.9   #
  Slovak Republic 495 4.1   488 3.6   7 3.7
  Spain 479 3.6   485 2.6   -6 3.1
                   
  Sweden 504 3.0   514 2.8   -10 3.1
  Switzerland 520 4.0   523 3.3   -3 4.1
  Turkey 408 7.3   406 5.8   2 5.8
  United States 477 3.4   478 3.5   -1 3.0
                   
Non-OECD jurisdictions                
  Hong Kong-China 545 6.2   550 4.1   -5 6.3
  Indonesia 358 3.2   365 4.0   -7 3.0
  Latvia 481 5.1   484 4.0   -3 4.7
  Liechtenstein 535 6.7   524 5.9   12 9.8
  Macao-China 538 4.3   527 3.2   11 5.6
                   
  Russian Federation 480 5.9   477 4.4   2 4.9
  Serbia and Montenegro 417 3.8   424 3.9   -7 4.1
  Thailand 418 3.9   431 3.1   -12 4.3
  Tunisia 346 2.5   343 2.5   3 2.6
  Uruguay 412 4.6   409 4.2   3 4.8
† Not applicable.                
# Rounds to zero.                  
NOTE: The male-female score point difference is calculated by subtracting the average scores of females from the average scores of males. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries with data available. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2003. Lemke, M., Sen, A., Pahlke, E., Partelow, L., Miller, D., Williams, T., Kastberg, D., and Jocelyn, L. (2004). International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving: PISA 2003 Results From the U.S. Perspective (NCES 2005-003), table B-21. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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