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Table B.1.11a. Average TIMSS mathematics content and cognitive domain scores of fourth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Content domain   Cognitive domain
Number   Geometric shapes and measures   Data display   Knowing   Applying   Reasoning
Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.
TIMSS scale average 500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0
                                               
Algeria 391 * 5.0   383 * 4.5   361 * 5.2   384 * 5.4   376 * 5.2   387 * 4.8
Armenia 522   4.0   483 * 4.7   458 * 4.3   518 * 4.8   493 * 4.1   489 * 4.7
Australia 496 * 3.7   536 * 3.1   534 * 3.1   509 * 4.2   523   3.5   516   3.4
Austria 502 * 2.2   509 * 2.4   508 * 2.6   505 * 2.0   507 * 1.8   506 * 2.1
Chinese Taipei 581 * 1.9   556 * 2.2   567 * 2.0   584 * 1.7   569 * 1.7   566 * 1.9
                                               
Colombia 360 * 4.3   361 * 4.8   363 * 5.9   360 * 5.2   357 * 5.1   372 * 4.9
Czech Republic 482 * 2.8   494 * 2.8   493 * 3.3   473 * 2.4   496 * 2.7   493 * 3.4
Denmark1 509 * 2.9   544 * 2.6   529 * 3.4   513 * 2.7   528   2.5   524   2.1
El Salvador 317 * 3.9   333 * 4.3   367 * 3.5   312 * 4.1   339 * 3.7   356 * 4.0
England 531   3.2   548 * 2.7   547   2.5   544   3.6   540 * 3.1   537 * 3.1
                                               
Georgia2 464 * 3.8   415 * 4.8   414 * 4.6   450 * 4.0   433 * 4.5   437 * 4.2
Germany 521   2.2   528   2.0   534 * 3.1   514 * 2.0   531 * 2.2   528   2.5
Hong Kong SAR3 606 * 3.8   599 * 3.1   585 * 2.7   617 * 3.5   599 * 3.4   589 * 3.5
Hungary 510 * 3.7   510 * 3.3   504 * 3.5   511 * 3.4   507 * 3.5   509 * 3.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 398 * 3.6   429 * 3.3   400 * 4.0   410 * 3.6   405 * 3.7   410 * 3.8
                                               
Italy 505 * 3.2   509 * 3.0   506 * 3.4   514 * 3.2   501 * 2.9   509 * 3.1
Japan 561 * 2.2   566 * 2.2   578 * 2.8   565 * 2.1   566 * 2.0   563 * 2.1
Kazakhstan2 556 * 6.6   542 * 7.4   522 * 5.8   559 * 7.3   547 * 7.2   539 * 6.1
Kuwait4 321 * 3.5   316 * 3.6   318 * 4.7   326 * 4.6   305 * 4.1    
Latvia2 536 * 2.1   532 * 2.6   536 * 3.0   530 * 2.2   540 * 2.5   537 * 2.5
                                               
Lithuania2 533 * 2.3   518   2.4   530 * 2.9   520 * 2.8   539 * 2.4   526   2.5
Morocco 353 * 4.7   365 * 4.3   316 * 6.1   354 * 4.8   346 * 4.7    
Netherlands5 535 * 2.2   522   2.3   543   2.3   525 * 2.2   540 * 2.0   534 * 2.4
New Zealand 478 * 2.7   502 * 2.3   513 * 2.6   482 * 2.5   495 * 2.3   503 * 2.8
Norway 461 * 2.8   490 * 3.0   487 * 2.6   461 * 2.9   479 * 2.8   489 * 2.7
                                               
Qatar 292 * 1.2   296 * 1.4   326 * 1.6   293 * 1.3   296 * 1.2    
Russian Federation 546 * 4.4   538 * 5.1   530 * 4.9   538   4.5   547 * 4.8   540 * 4.8
Scotland1 481 * 2.6   503 * 2.6   516 * 2.2   489 * 2.6   500 * 2.4   497 * 2.2
Singapore 611 * 4.3   570 * 3.7   583 * 3.2   620 * 4.0   590 * 3.7   578 * 3.8
Slovak Republic 495 * 3.9   499 * 4.3   492 * 4.2   492 * 3.9   498 * 4.0   499 * 4.0
                                               
Slovenia 485 * 1.9   522   1.8   518 * 2.5   497 * 1.8   504 * 1.9   505 * 2.1
Sweden 490 * 2.5   508 * 2.3   529 * 2.7   482 * 2.5   508 * 2.2   519   2.5
Tunisia 352 * 4.5   334 * 4.5   307 * 4.8   343 * 4.9   329 * 4.8    
Ukraine 480 * 2.9   457 * 2.8   462 * 3.2   472 * 3.0   466 * 3.1   474 * 3.2
United States1,6 524   2.7   522   2.5   543   2.4   541   2.6   524   2.6   523   2.2
                                               
Yemen                      
— Not available. Average achievement could not be estimated.
† Not applicable.
* Average score is significantly different from U.S. average score (p <.05).
1 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
2 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
4 Kuwait tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2007, at the beginning of the next school year.
5 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
6 National Defined Population covered 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population.
NOTE: Mathematics scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. For details on footnotes see Appendix A of Gonzales et al. (2008). Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Gonzales, P., Williams, T., Jocelyn, L., Roey, S., Kastberg, D., and Brenwald, S. (2008). Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2009—001 Revised), table E-3. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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