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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2010-015
July 2010

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Table 24.1.

Total number, total percentage distribution, and percent female of undergraduate fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 19762008


Race/ethnicity 1976 1980 1990 2000 2003 2005 2008
Number enrolled              
Total 9,418,970 10,469,088 11,959,106 13,155,393 14,480,364 14,963,964 16,345,738
White 7,740,485 8,480,661 9,272,630 8,983,455 9,664,641 9,828,594 10,339,216
Black 943,355 1,018,840 1,147,220 1,548,893 1,838,043 1,955,356 2,269,284
Hispanic 352,893 433,075 724,561 1,351,025 1,579,783 1,733,555 2,103,524
Asian/Pacific Islander 169,291 248,711 500,486 845,545 922,749 971,353 1,117,865
American Indian/Alaska Native 69,729 77,900 95,474 138,506 157,821 160,404 175,552
Nonresident alien 143,217 209,901 218,735 287,969 317,327 314,702 360,297

Percentage distribution
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 82.2 81.0 77.5 68.3 66.7 65.7 63.2
Black 10.0 9.7 9.6 11.8 12.7 13.1 13.9
Hispanic 3.7 4.1 6.1 10.3 10.9 11.6 12.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.8 2.4 4.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.8
American Indian Alaska Native 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Nonresident alien 1.5 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

Percent female
Total 48.0 52.3 55.0 56.1 57.0 57.2 56.8
White 47.6 52.2 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 55.5
Black 54.3 58.0 61.0 62.7 64.1 64.3 63.8
Hispanic 45.7 51.2 54.9 56.9 58.4 58.6 58.0
Asian/Pacific Islander 46.2 48.3 49.2 52.5 53.6 53.9 54.0
American Indian/Alaska Native 50.1 55.4 58.2 59.3 61.0 61.1 59.9
Nonresident alien 32.7 33.4 42.4 47.9 50.3 51.8 50.7
NOTE: Data from 1976 through 1990 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that do not grant degrees. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980, and 1990 through 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment" survey, 1990, and selected years, Spring 2001 through Spring 2009.
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