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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008

NCES 2008-084
September 2008


Table 1.6b.  Percentage of family households with children under 18 living in poverty, by family status and race/ethnicity: 1989, 1999, 2003, and 2006

Race/ethnicity Total
family
households
Married-couple Male
householder,
no spouse
present
Female
householder,
no spouse
present
  1989
Total 17.6 7.3 19.5 42.3
White 10.5 5.9 15.6 34.3
Black 33.0 12.2 27.6 52.5
Hispanic 27.4 18.2 28.3 54.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 13.9 10.7 19.9 35.6
American Indian/Alaska Native 33.4 20.6 39.4 57.6
   
  1999
Total 13.6 6.6 17.7 34.3
White 9.4 5.0 14.3 27.8
Black 27.2 9.4 24.9 41.8
Hispanic 24.1 17.0 24.9 44.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 11.7 9.1 17.5 28.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 27.0 15.5 30.3 45.7
   
  20031
Total 14.9 6.6 18.0 36.5
White 11.5 5.7 15.4 32.2
Black 28.7 8.6 24.8 42.6
Hispanic 23.5 15.9 15.6 46.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 11.1 8.0 18.4 28.3
American Indian/Alaska Native 26.9 13.7 21.8 48.0
   
  20061
Total 15.0 6.5 17.7 36.9
White 11.4 5.3 15.1 32.4
Black 28.7 8.6 25.7 43.0
Hispanic 24.1 15.6 21.2 45.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 9.7 7.1 14.0 25.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 29.8 15.8 32.0 48.0
1 2003 and 2006 data are from the American Community Survey, rather than the Decennial Census. Use caution in comparing these percentages to those from 1989 and 1999.
NOTE: A family is a group of two or more people who reside together and who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption. By contrast, a household includes all the people who occupy a housing unit as their usual place of residence. A "family household" contains at least one family within the household. To define poverty, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition. A family, along with each individual in it, is considered poor if the family’s total income is less than that family’s threshold. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically and are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and does not include capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps). Race categories include persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1990 and 2000; American Factfinder, American Community Survey, 2003 and 2006.

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