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Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities
NCES 2007-039
September 2007

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Table 8.2b.

Number and percentage of elementary and secondary school students who spoke a language other than English at home and percentage who spoke English with difficulty, by race/ethnicity with Hispanic and Asian subgroups: 2005

Race/ethnicity and subgroup Number who spoke a language other than English at home Percentage of population who spoke a language other than English at home Percentage of population who spoke English with difficulty
Total1 10,770,000 20.4 5.3
White 1,770,000 5.7 1.3
Black 445,000 5.6 1.4
Hispanic 6,939,000 69.8 19.1
Mexican 4,833,000 72.3 21.3
Puerto Rican 480,000 52.3 10.1
Dominican 240,000 88.4 22.7
Central American 526,000 86.0 23.6
South American 313,000 79.7 16.4
Other Hispanic or Latino 546,000 51.2 10.3
Asian 1,323,000 65.3 17.8
Asian Indian 232,000 65.3 10.7
Chinese 316,000 74.4 21.1
Filipino 129,000 36.3 10.0
Japanese 33,000 47.3 19.4
Korean 150,000 72.7 23.3
Vietnamese 206,000 79.5 26.3
Other Asian 257,000 72.3 18.9
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 22,000 32.8 6.1!
American Indian/Alaska Native 78,000 17.5 2.8
More than one race 112,000 8.9 1.7
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Total includes other race/ethnicity categories not separately shown.
NOTE: Respondents were asked if each child in the household spoke a language other than English at home. If they answered "yes," they were asked how well each child could speak English. Categories used for reporting were "very well," "well," "not well," and "not at all." All those who reported speaking English less than "very well" were considered to have difficulty speaking English. Includes those students who are age 5 or older. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2005.
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