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Homeschooling in the United States: 2003

NCES 2006-042
February 2006

Table 2. Number and percentage of homeschooled students, ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by various characteristics: 1999 and 2003
1999 2003
Characteristic Number of students 1   Number home-
schooled
Percent home-
schooled
Number of students 1   Number home-
schooled
Percent home-
schooled
   Total 50,188,000 850,000 1.7 50,707,000 1,096,000 2.2
Grade equivalent 2
  K– 5 24,428,000 428,000 1.8 24,269,000 472,000 1.9
  Kindergarten 3,790,000 92,000 2.4 3,643,000 98,000 2.7
  Grades 1–3 12,692,000 199,000 1.6 12,098,000 214,000 1.8
  Grades 4–5 7,946,000 136,000 1.7 8,528,000 160,000 1.9
  Grades 6–8 11,788,000 186,000 1.6 12,472,000 302,000 2.4
  Grades 9–12 13,954,000 235,000 1.7 13,958,000 315,000 2.3
Race/ethnicity
  White, non-Hispanic 32,474,000 640,000 2.0 31,584,000 843,000 2.7
  Black, non-Hispanic 8,047,000 84,000 1.0 7,985,000 103,000 1.3
  Hispanic 7,043,000 77,000 1.1 8,075,000 59,000 0.7
  Other 2,623,000 49,000 1.9 3,063,000 91,000 3.0
Sex
  Female 24,673,000 434,000 1.8 24,888,000 527,000 2.1
  Male 25,515,000 417,000 1.6 25,819,000 569,000 2.2
Number of children in the household
  One child 8,226,000 120,000 1.5 8,033,000 110,000 1.4
  Two children 19,883,000 207,000 1.0 20,530,000 306,000 1.5
  Three or more children 22,078,000 523,000 2.4 22,144,000 679,000 3.1
Number of parents in the household
  Two parents 33,007,000 683,000 2.1 35,936,000 886,000 2.5
  One parent 15,454,000 142,000 0.9 13,260,000 196,000 1.5
  Nonparental guardians 1,727,000 25,000 1.4 1,511,000 14,000 0.9
Parents' participation in the labor force
  Two parents–both in labor force 22,880,000 237,000 1.0 25,108,000 274,000 1.1
  Two parents–one in labor force 9,628,000 444,000 4.6 10,545,000 594,000 5.6
  One parent in labor force 13,907,000 98,000 0.7 12,045,000 174,000 1.4
  No parent in labor force 3,773,000   71,000   1.9   3,008,000   54,000   1.8
Household Income
  $25,000 or less 16,776,000 262,000 1.6 12,375,000 283,000 2.3
  25,001–50,000 15,220,000 278,000 1.8 13,220,000 311,000 2.4
  50,001–75,000 8,576,000 162,000 1.9 10,961,000 264,000 2.4
  75,001 or more 9,615,000 148,000 1.5 14,150,000 238,000 1.7
Parents' highest educational attainment
  High school diploma or less 18,334,000 160,000 0.9 16,106,000 269,000 1.7
  Voc/tech degree or some college 15,177,000 287,000 1.9 16,068,000 338,000 2.1
  Bachelor's degree 8,269,000 213,000 2.6 9,798,000 274,000 2.8
  Graduate/professional school 8,407,000 190,000 2.3 8,734,000 215,000 2.5
Urbanicity 3
  Urban 37,415,000 575,000 1.5 40,180,000 794,000 2.0
  Rural 12,773,000 275,000 2.2 10,527,000 302,000 2.9
Region
  Northeast 10,220,000 114,000 1.1 9,220,000 168,000 1.8
  South 17,366,000 355,000 2.0 17,232,000 445,000 2.6
  Midwest 12,040,000 166,000 1.4 11,949,000 238,000 2.0
  West 10,560,000   215,000   2.0   12,305,000   245,000   2.0
1 Number of students refers to all students in public and private schools and homeschooled students.
2 Students whose grade-equivalent was "ungraded" were excluded from the grade analysis. The percent of students with an "ungraded" grade equivalent was 0.02 percent in 2003 and 0.03 percent in 1999.
3 Urbanicity is based on a U.S. Census classification of places. Urban is a place with at least 50,000 people. Rural is a place not classifed as urban.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Number and percent of homeschoolers excludes students who were enrolled in school for more than 25 hours a week and students who were homeschooled due to a temporary illness.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent Survey of the 1999 National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES); Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the 2003 NHES.
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