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Statistics in Brief:

Public School Student, Staff, and Graduate Counts by Stat:, School Year 1993-94

May 1995

(NCES 95-213) Ordering information

How many students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in 1993–94? How many staff members were paid to teach, supervise, and provide support services for education? How many students graduated from high school? The information to answer these and other questions is reported in the ’ State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, School Year 1993- 94.

How many students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools?
In school year 1993–94, there were 43.4 million students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in the 50 states and the District of Columbia (table 1). Of these students, 24.3 million were in prekindergarten through grade 6, an additional 18.2 million were in grades 7 through 12, and the remaining 0.8 million were ungraded students. (The five outlying areas are not included in national totals.)

California had the most public elementary and secondary school students (5,329,000), followed by Texas (3,608,000) and New York (2,734,000). The three lowest student counts were in the District of Columbia (81,000), Wyoming (101,000), and Vermont (103,000).

How many teachers were there?
About 2.5 million teachers provided instruction in public elementary and secondary schools in the 1993–94 school year (table 2). Among this group, 1,398,000 were elementary school teachers (including prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers) and 895,000 were secondary school teachers. The remaining 213,000 teachers taught ungraded students.

The ratio of total students to total teachers for the nation was 17.4 students per teacher. These ratios ranged from lows of 12.7 students per teacher in Vermont to a high of 24.7 in Utah. The median student per teacher ratio was 16.7, that is, half the states had a higher student-teacher ratio than 16.7, and half the states had a lower ratio. Student/teacher ratios should not be interpreted as average class size since not all teachers are assigned to a class (for example, music and reading teachers).

How many staff supervised or provided support services for public education?
In addition to the teachers described previously, about 451,000 teacher’s aides directly assisted teachers in providing instruction (table 3). An additional 33,000 instructional coordinators and supervisors helped teachers through curriculum development and in-service training. Support staff for students included 83,000 guidance counselors and 51,000 librarians. This translates to about 524 students for every guidance counselor reported, and 861 students for each librarian. An additional 1,367,000 staff members provided support services for schools and students. This support included food, health, library, maintenance, transportation, security and other services in the nation’s public schools. There were 121,000 school administrators (mostly school principals), 47,000 school district administrators, and about 146,000 administrative support staff.

The relative distribution of all staff is illustrated in figure 1. Instructional staff made up 62 percent of all staff. Another 27 percent of all staff provided support services to schools and students. Administrative staff made up 11 percent of all education staff. On the average, there were 15 teachers and 9 support staff for each administrator. All of these distributions and ratios vary greatly from state to state.

How many students graduated from high school during the 1992-93 school year?
Some 2,233,000 students received regular high school diplomas in the 50 states and the District of Columbia during the 1992–93 school year and subsequent summer (table 4). An additional 53,000 students received other types of diplomas, and 21,000 students received some high school completion certificate other than a diploma. Note that some states grant only regular diplomas and the high school equivalency certificates.

Technical Notes
The “State Nonfiscal Survey” is an annual state Ievel collection of student, staff and graduate counts for grades prekindergarten through 12. The data are collected from state education agencies (SEAS), processed and edited by NCES, and then verified by each SEA. The “State Nonfiscal Survey” is part of the Common Core of Data collection.

All Staff counts (including teachers) are in full-time equivalency units. This is the amount of time required to perform an assignment stated as a proportion of a till-time position, and computed by dividing the amount of time employed by the time normally required for a full-time position.

State agencies vary in their data collection and reporting systems, with resulting inconsistencies across states. Several states collapse two or more categories of staff into one. IrI these cases, NCES disaggregates this number by distributing the reported amount to the several categories based on the average ratios from other states. Other states omit counts of certain staff. In these cases, NCES imputes a number based on the average ratio of staff to students in the other states. Vermont now collects staff data every other year, except for data on teachers which it collects every other year. South Carolina collects support staff data every other year. NCES has imputed these data based on the staff-to-student ratios in 1992–93, their student counts from 1993–94, and a national average rate of change in staff ratios over the two years.

For further information
For additional information about this Statistics in Brief or the complete data set, contact Frank Johnson at the .

Figure 1

Table 1: Public school membership, by grade and state: Fall 1993

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                                   Pre -
                                  Kinder-    kinder-
State                    Total     garten    garten    Grade 1    Grade 2  Grade 3   Grade 4   Grade 5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States        43,476,268   556,910 3,376,636 3,529,072 3,429,290 3,436,917 3,361,095 3,350,464
Alabama /a/             734,469     8,445    56,598    59,239    55,781    58,612    57,497    58,098
Alaska                  125,948     2,787    10,329    10,663    10,549    10,479    10,156     9,809
Arizona                 709,453     3,164    57,656    60,628    59,285    59,098    57,701    58,110
Arkansas                444,271     1,240    34,337    34,586    33,737    34,398    34,255    34,834
California /a/        5,328,558    61,281   444,104   444,346   435,329   431,107   420,233   413,420
Colorado                625,062     7,249    47,598    51,410    51,673    51,222    50,807    51,307
Comecticut              496,298     6,216    42,338    43,961    41,289    40,244    39,093    37,639
Delaware                105,547       565     8,153     8,816     8,703     8,455     8,285     8,335
District of Columbia     80,678     5,216   6, 986      7,195     6,728     6,149     5,870     5,435
Florida               2,040,763    34,793   167,140   169,039   168,302  170, 860   168,509   166,144
Georgia               1,235,304     5,534   103,365   103,346   100,224  100, 082    99,802   100,493
Hawaii                  180,430       552    15,199    15,158    15,038    14,713    14,813    14,770
Idaho                   236,774     1,389    17,039    17,464    16,872    17,788    18,665    19,015
Illinois              1,893,078    42,359   144,758   147,148   143,397   143,349   138,827   132,833
Indiana                 965,599     3,971    70,226    74,609    71,903    72,471    72,840    74,498
Iowa                    498,519     5,430    36,348    35,131    36,217    36,994    36,370    37,530
Kansas                  457,614     2,432    34,575    36,063    35,896    36,393    35,975    36,525
Kentucky                655,265    15,732    43,340    46,083    46,151    57,522    48,083    49,333
Louisiana               800,560    12,857    61,133    63,742    61,535    61,709    60,077    59,614
Maine                   216,995     1,036    17,536    16,995    17,637    17,514    17,237    17,018
Maryland                772,638    17,984    60,378    64,504    62,421    62,141    61,199    60,377
Massachusetts            77,726    13,178    76,494    76,002    72,068    71,381    69,111    66,902
Michigan              1,599,377    11,704   132,658   130,499   124,979   124,837   120,049   118,276
Minnesota               810,233     6,656    62,345    62,208    63,724    64,244    63,194    63,288
Mississippi             505,907     2,197    37,622    40,553    38,640    38,589    39,236    39,662
Missouri                875,639    23.597    65,317    67,793    67,635    67,913    66,431    67,614
Montana /b/             163,009       483    12,021    12,779    12,715    12,894    12,967    12,902
Nebraska                285,097     3,577    21,374    21,429    21,770    22,097    22,391    22,319
Nevada                  235,800     1,237    19,179    20,487    20,202    19,725    19,305    19,153
New Hampshire           185,360     1,292     8,194    18,156    16,038    16,237    15,630    15,614
New Jersey            1,151,307     9,225    90,827    96,030    89,592    87,454    84,767    83,173
New Mexico              322,292   1, 933     23,723    26,035    24,975    24,605    24,182    24,676
New York              2,733,813    31,687   205,238   220,578   209,649   204,260   198,259   196,767
North Carolina        1,133,231     8,469    93,406    92,701    89,371    90,875    85,989    65,721
North Dakota            119,127       615     8,752     8,990     8,969     9,223     9,266     9,583
Ohio                  1,807,319    17,210   140,778   143,737   140,554   140,822   136,317   138,011
Oklahoma                604,076     5,456    44,864    53,724    47,482    47,788    48,242    49,154
Oregon                  516,611       837    37,859    40,259    40,704    41,454    41,290    41,885
Pennsylvania          1,744,082     4,181   131,842   145,111   138,527   134,504   131,575   131,962
Rhode Island            145,676       465    11,348    13,041    11,858    11,659    11,603    11,208
South Carolina /a/      643,859     7,407    45,490    53,676    51,226    51,457    50,357    50,992
South Dakota            142,825       612    10,574    10,818    10,908    11,068    11,086    11,084
Tennessee /a/           866,991     9,976    68,462    70,638    67,305    66,952    65,646    65,662
Texas                 3,608,262   120,446   268,646   299,513   288,258   289,284   284,394   284,342
Utah                    471,365     2,690    33,623    33,634    34,245    34,634    35,467    36,281
Vermont                 102,755     2,024     7,766     8,454     8,227     8,284     8,457     8,318
Virginia              1,045,471     3,186    81,787    84,318    83,296    84,146    81,615    79,683
Washington            915, 952      5,087    68,908    72,729    73,380    73,746    73,824    74,884
West Virginia           314,383     3,981    20,077    22,623    22,254    22,181    22,349    23,623
Wisconsin               844,001    17,270    61,136    64,779    64,467    65,336    63,756    64,435
Wyoming /c/             100,899         0     7,190     7,652     7.605     7,968     8,046     8,153
   Outlying Areas
American Samoa           14,484     1,663     1,056     1,240     1,143     1,093     1,056       987
Guam                     30,920       486     2,866     2,806     2,761     2,585     2,517     2,476
Northern Marianas         8,188       421       656       809       700       677       633       626
Puerto Rico             631,460       281    38,305    55,003    50,180    50,072    51,411    51,786
Virgin Islands /c/       22,752         0     1,624     1,870     1,757     1,745     1,755     1,782
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes at end of table.

Table 1: (continued) Public school membership, by grade and state: Fall 1993

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
State                   Grade 6   Grade 7    Grade 8    Grade 9     Grade10   Grade 11   Grade 12   Ungraded
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States          3,355,642  3,355,412  3,249,381  3,487,159  3,050,402  2,751,154  2,423,900   762,826
Alabama /a/               59,400     62,144     60,004     62,141     50,543     46,067     39,900         0
Alaska                     9,817      9,852      9,160      9,608      8,514      7,250      6,975         0
Arizona                   57,242     55,834     53,500     54,878     48,281     41,964     37,614     4,498
Arkansas                  35,107     36,892     36,471     36,045     32,711     29,876     27,169     2,605
California /a/           405,416    398,553    380,223    406,551    375,992    333,716    277,271   101,016
Colorado                  50,619     49,168     47,665     47,344     42,536     39,610     34,770     2,084
Comecticut                37,007     36,127     34,662     36,481     32,802     30,393     27,979    10,067
Delaware                   8,302      8,736      8,265      8,930      7,867      6,251      5,882         0
District of Columbia       5,211      5,394      4,935      5,003      5,403      4,145      3,303     3,705
Florida                  163,447  157, 906     149,054    164,978    140,271    119,674    100,646         0
Georgia                  100,824     99,401     97,354    107,625     82,822     71,728     62,704         0
Hawaii                    14,507     13,608     13,245     14,219     12,351     11,957     10,201        99
Idaho                     19,444     19,356     19,185     19,537     18,139     16,567     15,044     1,270
Illinois                 134,201    136,363    138,518    143,950    131,770    120,785    106,519    88,301
Indiana                   76,981     78,353     78,116     81,628     72,610     67,005     60,971     9,417
Iowa                      37,744     38,861     38,548     38,637     36,483     34,893     32,588    16,745
Kansas                    36,672     36,913     35,902     35,955     32,721     30,761     27,644     3,187
Kentucky                  49,483     51,533     51,306     54,502     48,467     43,758     37,629    12,343
Louisiana                 60,283     61,553     56,522     66,376     51,405     44,676     39,026    39,252
Maine                     16,663     16,537     15,844     16,630     15,317     14,239     13,446     3,346
Maryland                  60,127     58,407     55,285     60,213     50,116     46,082     40,661    12,743
Massachusetts             66,295     64,679     62,412     64,643     60,303     55,953     51,309     6,996
Michigan                 118,991    119,423    116,702    126,933    110,107     98,594     87,447    58,178
Minnesota                 63,677     64,539     63,105     62,353     59,909     56,349     54,642         0
Mississippi               40,203     42,696     39,815     41,660     33,709     29,587     26,156    15,582
Missouri                  65,680     66,813     66,495     71,493     63,147     57,170     50,064     8,477
Montana /b/               13,112     13,285     12,834     12,737     11,935     11,114     10,325       906
Nebraska                  22,720     23,138     22,611     22,627     20,770     19,696     18,578         0
Nevada                    18,796     18,419     17,825     17,014     16,065     14,899     12,749       745
New Hampshire             15,383     14,997     14,118     14,039     12,499     11,925     10,635       603
New Jersey                82,715     81,942     79,459     81,629     73,124     69,108     64,402    77,860
New Mexico                25,403     25,856     24,899     27,115     23,706     20,180     16,767     8,237
New York                 195,714    194,988    188,274    225,243    200,597    175,038    143,055   144,466
North Carolina            88,232     86,428     86,093     94,369     79,553     70,282     60,856    20,886
North Dakota               9,671      9,729      9,329      9,230      8,971      8,733      8,066         0
Ohio                     140,855    145,856    141,534    151,241    131,594    122,355    111,932     4,523
Oklahoma                  49,281     47,724     46,153     46,597     42,337     38,833     34,744     1,697
Oregon                    41,932     40,605     39,500     41,129     38,344     35,518     32,828     2,467
Pennsylvania             132,960    134,423    130,209    143,719    127,919    117,500    107,244    32,406
Rhode Island              11,100     11,136     10,650     11,060     10,111      9,205      8,094     3,138
South Carolina /a/      52, 875      53,043     50,591     58,795     45,611     38,390     33,949         0
South Dakota              11,485     11,604     11,427     11,276     10,264      9,495      8,936     2,188
Tennessee /a/             66,547     67,705     64,124     71,363     62,534     54,977     47,668    17,432
Texas                    285,414    286,548    274,208    308,461    234,566    205,293    178,889         0
Utah                      37,837     37,528     38,031     37,270     33,749     34,524     31,692    10,160
Vermont                    7,988      7,814      7,496      7,515      6,962      6,673      6,227       550
Virginia                  80,889     80,496     78,443     80,277     71,469     65,949     60,314    29,603
Washington                74,094     73,106     70,666     72,322     65,967     61,392     55,847         0
West Virginia             24,649     25,657     25,677     26,196     25,214     23,347     21,507     5,048
Wisconsin                 64,374     65,495     64,669     69,407     64,586     60,603     53,688         0
Wyoming /c/                8,273      8,247      8,268      8,215      7,659      7,075      6,548         0
   Outlying Areas
American Samoa               959        904        873        907        914        821        809        59
Guam                       2,338      2,231      2,085      2,964      2,029      1,605      1,154        17
Northern Marianas            612        636        610        480        514        430        384         0
Puerto Rico               51,290     56,314     50,711     46,689     44,889     38,516     32,277    13,736
Virgin Islands /c/         1,705      2,130      1,568      1,801      1,343      1,267      1,097     1,308
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a/ These etatee did not report any prekindergarten students. Values for these states were imputed based on current year data.
b/ Montana counts some prekindergarten students as kindergarten students.
c/ Wyoming and the Virgin Islands do not have a prekindergarten program.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, “State Nonfiscal Survey. ”

Table 2: Public school student -teacher ratio, student membership, and teachers, by grade level and state: Fall 1993

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                    Total student-                               Pre-                                                 Teachers
                       teacher       Total          Total    kindergarten   Kindergarten   Elementary   Secondary   of ungraded
  State                 ratio     membership      teachers     teachers       teachers      teachers     teachers     classes
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States /a/, /b/   17.4     43,476,268     2,505,075      26,678        119,587      1,251,538      894,550     212,722           
Alabama /a/, /b/         17.1        734,469        43,002         452          3,619         19,858       19,073           0           
Alaska                   17.5        125,948         7,193          57            349          4,296        2,491           0           
Arizona                  18.9        709,453        37,493         159          1,604         25,425       10,305         ---           
Arkansas                 17.1        444,271        26,014          61          1,812         11,833       12,208         100           
California /a/, /b/      24.0      5,328,558       221,779       3,282         14,470        124,684       56,384      22,959           
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado                 18.6        625,062        33,661         177          1,183         16,079       16,222         ---           
Connecticut              14.4        496,298        34,526         170          1,486         18,476        9,345       5,049           
Delaware                 16.5        105,547         6,380          28            210          3,021        3,121           0           
District of Columbia     13.3         80,678         6,056         283            326          2,744        2,259         444           
Florida                  18.4      2,040,763       110,653         789          6,224         41,126       40,876      21,638           
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia                  16.3      1,235,304        75,602         272          5,839         48,752       20,739           0           
Hawaii                   17.8        180,430        10,111         104            435          5,200        4,328          44           
Idaho                    19.7        236,774        12,007          87            389          5,709        5,642         180           
Illinois                 17.1      1,893,078       110,874       1,023          4,237         59,928       28,207      17,479           
Indiana                  17.5        965,599        55,107         260          2,166         25,223       24,948       2,510           
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa                     15.8        498,519        31,616         392          1,675         16,254       12,188       1,107           
Kansas                   15.1        457,614        30,283         136          1,063         13,513       12,561       3,010           
Kentucky                 17.6        655,265        37,324         640          1,000         24,538       11,146           0           
Louisiana                17.1        800,560        46,913         324          2,880         23,352       10,377       9,980           
Maine                    14.1        216,995        15,344         189            791          9,460        4,904         ---           
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland                 17.5        772,638        44,171         349          1,484         23,194       19,144         ---           
Massachusetts            14.9        877,726        58,766         337          1,411         19,732       29,367       7,919           
Michigan                 19.9      1,599,377        80,267         605          3,102         30,429       36,419       9,712           
Minnesota                17.3        810,233        46,956          50          1,557         22,374       22,949          26           
Mississippi              17.8        505,907        28,376          37          1,586         16,969        9,184         600           
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri                 16.1        875,639        54,543         626          2,390         25,713       25,814         ---           
Montana                  16.4        163,009         9,950         125            524          6,265        3,036         ---           
Nebraska                 14.6        285,097        19,553         202            848         10,131        8,372           0           
Nevada                   18.7        235,800        12,579         152            424          5,987        4,648       1,368           
New Hampshire            15.5        185,360        11,972          87            231          7,741        3,913           0           
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey               13.6      1,151,307        84,564         239          2,852         43,764       26,509      11,200           
New Mexico               17.5        322,292        18,404         223            777          9,570        4,564       3,270           
New York                 15.2      2,733,813       179,413       2,230          9,593         78,199       63,453      25,938           
North Carolina           16.3      1,133,231        69,421         636          5,769         33,832       24,935       4,249           
North Dakota             15.4        119,127         7,755          87            274          4,850        2,544           0           
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio                     16.8      1,807,319       107,444         771          3,504         66,911       36,103         155           
Oklahoma                 15.5        604,076        39,031         154          1,505         17,076       16,180       4,116           
Oregon                   19.5        516,611        26,488          58            923         13,405        8,716       3,386           
Pennsylvania             17.2      1,744,082       101,301         832          3,485         41,657       43,358      11,969           
Rhode Island             14.8        145,676         9,823          36            285          4,083        4,103       1,316           
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina /b/       16.7        643,859        38,620         450          1,212         24,590       12,368           0           
South Dakota             14.9        142,825         9,557          26            312          5,559        2,589       1,071           
Tennessee /b/            18.8        866,991        46,066          87          3,040         28,945       12,398       1,596           
Texas                    16.0      3,608,262       224,830       3,314         11,601         98,715       82,139      29,061           
Utah                     24.7        471,365        19,053          82            689          8,147        7,780       2,355           
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont                  12.7        102,755         8,102         149            313          2,909        3,140       1,591           
Virginia                 14.9      1,045,471        70,220         764          3,199         38,242       28,015           0           
Washington               20.1        915,952        45,524          71          2,279         21,882       17,533       3,759           
West Virginia            14.9        314,383        21,029          75            845          9,150        7,394       3,565           
Wisconsin                16.0        844,001        52,822       4,939          1,606         29,040       17,237           0           
Wyoming /c/              15.4        100,899         6,537           0            209          3,006        3,322           0           
  Outlying Areas                                                                                                                        
American Samoa           22.1         14,484           656          79             35            341          182          19           
Guam                     18.8         30,920         1,644          25            147            622          845           5           
Northern Marianas        19.0          8,188           431           8             20            237          166           0           
Puerto Rico              15.9        631,460        39,816          15          1,263         20,657       14,596       3,285           
Virgin Islands /c/       14.5         22,752         1,570           0             73            700          722          75           
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------         

a/ Values for prekindergarten students were Imputed based on current year data.
b/ Prekindergarten teacher counts were imputed-based on current year data.
c/ Wyoming and Virgin Islands do not have prekindergarten programs. --- Data missing or not available. These counts are included in other teacher categories.

N0TE : Teacher counts are full-time equivalency (FTS) counts. Elementary and secondary teacher counts are comparable across states due to differences in the grades included in these designationa.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, “state not directly Nonfiscal Survey.

Table 3.--Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage of total of total staff, by category and state: Fall 1993

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
                                                                               Instructional
                                                                               coordinators                              
                                        Teachers       Instructional aides     and supervisors     Guidance counselors    
  State                     Total  ------------------  -------------------   -----------------    -------------------     
                            staff    Number   Percent     Number   Percent    Number   Percent      Number   Percent      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
United States /a/,/b/  4,803,121  2,505,074     52.2     450,598      9.4     33,248     0.7        82,954        1.7     
Alabama /a/               80,922     43,002     53.1       3,897      4.8        393     0.5         1,607        2.0     
Alaska                    15,731      7,193     45.7       2,146     13.6        427     2.7           226        1.4     
Arizona                   74,679     37,493     50.2       9,519     12.7        180     0.2           972        1.3     
Arkansas                  50,502     26,014     51.5       2,501      5.0        784     1.6         1,203        2.4     
California /a/           431,085    221,779     51.4      55,984     13.0      4,248     1.0         4,976        1.2     
Colorado                  62,922     33,661     53.5       4,995      7.9        577     0.9         1,024        1.6     
Connecticut               62,014     34,526     55.7       6,178     10.0        416     0.7         1,108        1.8     
Delaware                  11,640      6,380     54.8         846      7.3         61     0.5           203        1.7     
District of Columbia      10,591      6,056     57.2         366      3.5        168     1.6           261        2.5     
Florida                  226,911    110,653     48.8      22,238      9.8        801     0.4         4,584        2.0     
Georgia /a/              151,326     75,602     50.0      20,056     13.3      1,000     0.7         2,118        1.4     
Hawaii                    18,292     10,111     55.3       2,203     12.0        226     1.2           531        2.9     
Idaho                     19,983     12,007     60.1       1,709      8.6        185     0.9           387        1.9     
Illinois                 199,221    110,874     55.7      17,609      8.8      1,507     0.8         2,756        1.4     
Indiana                  113,892     55,107     48.4      13,633     12.0      1,293     1.1         1,651        1.4     
Iowa                      60,267     31,616     52.5       4,945      8.2        372     0.6         1,305        2.2     
Kansas                    55,783     30,283     54.3       4,178      7.5        166     0.3         1,054        1.9     
Kentucky                  81,279     37,324     45.9       9,322     11.5        626     0.8         1,271        1.6     
Louisiana                 93,193     46,913     50.3       9,431     10.1        496     0.5         1,027        1.1     
Maine                     28,865     15,344     53.2       3,452     12.0        118     0.4           597        2.1     
Maryland                  82,753     44,171     53.4       7,277      8.8        669     0.8         1,724        2.1     
Massachusetts            104,196     58,766     56.4      10,611     10.2        957     0.9         1,886        1.8     
Michigan                 169,283     80,267     47.4      12,629      7.5        915     0.5         2,826        1.7     
Minnesota                 74,859     46,956     62.7       6,089      8.1        487     0.7           901        1.2     
Mississippi               59,853     28,376     47.4       8,886     14.8        399     0.7           814        1.4     
Missouri                 114,763     54,543     47.5       6,047      5.3      1,990     1.7         2,333        2.0     
Montana /a/               18,950      9,950     52.5       1,725      9.1        139     0.7           395        2.1     
Nebraska /a/              37,033     19,552     52.8       3,325      9.0        212     0.6           702        1.9     
Nevada                    22,418     12,579     56.1       1,257      5.6         87     0.4           443        2.0     
New Hampshire             22,010     11,972     54.4       2,902     13.2        148     0.7           576        2.6     
New Jersey               160,202     84,564     52.8      12,806      8.0      1,378     0.9         3,135        2.0     
New Mexico                36,694     18,404     50.2       4,066     11.1        468     1.3           557        1.5     
New York                 353,603    179,413     50.7      26,272      7.4      2,176     0.6         5,688        1.6     
North Carolina           133,060     69,421     52.2      20,721     15.6        767     0.6         2,726        2.0     
North Dakota              13,780      7,755     56.3       1,290      9.4         58     0.4           235        1.7     
Ohio                     201,828    107,444     53.2       9,804      4.9        383     0.2         3,754        1.9     
Oklahoma                  72,494     39,031     53.8       6,172      8.5        435     0.6         1,270        1.8     
Oregon                    50,392     26,488     52.6       5,236     10.4        338     0.7         1,300        2.6     
Pennsylvania             190,884    101,301     53.1      12,676      6.6      1,576     0.8         3,523        1.8     
Rhode Island              15,442      9,823     63.6       1,320      8.5         78     0.5           279        1.8     
South Carolina /b/        68,902     38,620     56.1       7,121     10.3        503     0.7         1,476        2.1     
South Dakota              17,066      9,557     56.0       1,801     10.6         14     0.1           371        2.2     
Tennessee a/              91,690     46,066     50.2       8,981      9.8        659     0.7         1,310        1.4     
Texas                    433,102    224,830     51.9      38,816      9.0      1,257     0.3         7,676        1.8     
Utah                      35,301     19,053     54.0       4,309     12.2        411     1.2           513        1.5     
 
Vermont /b/               16,046      8,102     50.5       2,378     14.8        309     1.9           333        2.1     
Virginia                 129,394     70,220     54.3      11,209      8.7      1,077     0.8         3,039        2.3     
Washington                87,966     45,524     51.8       7,940      9.0        636     0.7         1,663        1.9     
West Virginia             38,486     21,029     54.6       2,858      7.4        334     0.9           584        1.5     
Wisconsin                 88,640     52,822     59.6       7,565      8.5        314     0.4         1,788        2.0     
Wyoming                   12,933      6,537     50.5       1,301     10.1         30     0.2           273        2.1     
  Outlying Areas                                                                                                         
American Samoa             1,339        656     49.0          11      0.8         32     2.4            18        1.3     
Guam                       3,839      1,644     42.8         471     12.3         20     0.5            77        2.0     
Northern Marianas          1,101        431     39.1         233     21.2          8     0.7            18        1.6     
Puerto Rico               68,005     39,816     58.5         ---      ---        672     1.0           909        1.3     
Virgin Islands             3,328      1,570     47.2         353     10.6        ---     ---            75        2.3     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

Table 3.(Continued) Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage staff, by category and state: Fall 1993

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Librarians        Other student           School          School district     Administrative
  State                                               support staff       administrators      administrators      support staff
                                  ----------------   -----------------   -----------------   -----------------   ------------------
                                  Number   Percent   Number    Percent   Number    Percent   Number    Percent   Number    Percent
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States /a/                 50,501       1.1 1,175,485      24.5   121,268       2.5    46,515       1.0   337,478       7.0
Alabama /a/                        1,194       1.5    25,193      31.1     2,133       2.6       251       0.3     3,252       4.0
Alaska                               156       1.0     3,570      22.7       415       2.6       166       1.1     1,432       9.1
Arizona                              773       1.0    17,790      23.8     1,633       2.2       407       0.5     5,912       7.9
Arkansas                             948       1.9    14,356      28.4     1,420       2.8       656       1.3     2,620       5.2
California /a/                       928       0.2    85,989      19.9    10,195       2.4     2,036       0.5    44,950      10.4
Colorado                             704       1.1    14,099      22.4     1,812       2.9       775       1.2     5,275       8.4
Connecticut                          654       1.1    12,606      20.3     1,536       2.5       906       1.5     4,084       6.6
Delaware                             116       1.0     2,740      23.5       398       3.4        93       0.8       803       6.9
District of Columbia                 173       1.6     2,024      19.1       379       3.6       420       4.0       744       7.0
Florida                            2,513       1.1    56,148      24.7     5,760       2.5     1,676       0.7    22,538       9.9
Georgia /a/                        2,053       1.4    37,215      24.6     3,436       2.3       950       0.6     8,896       5.9
Hawaii                               286       1.6     3,359      18.4       467       2.6       142       0.8       967       5.3
Idaho                                168       0.8     3,788        19       593         3       116       0.6     1,030       5.2
Illinois                           1,973       1.0    45,831        23     4,408       2.2     1,623       0.8    12,640       6.3
Indiana                            1,047       0.9    30,820      27.1     2,741       2.4       870       0.8     6,730       5.9
Iowa                                 652       1.1    15,023      24.9     1,737       2.9       759       1.3     3,858       6.4
Kansas                               973       1.7    12,941      23.2     1,630       2.9       473       0.8     4,085       7.3
Kentucky                           1,187       1.5    24,252      29.8     1,804       2.2     1,141       1.4     4,352       5.4
Louisiana                          1,217       1.3    26,146      28.1     1,843         2     1,469       1.6     4,651       5.0
Maine                                241       0.8     6,195      21.5       843       2.9       444       1.5     1,631       5.7
Maryland                           1,078       1.3    20,973      25.3     2,528       3.1       627       0.8     3,706       4.5
Massachusetts                        567       0.5    20,514      19.7     2,075         2       968       0.9     7,852       7.5
Michigan                           1,500       0.9    56,559      33.4     4,677       2.8     1,922       1.1     7,988       4.7
Minnesota                            984       1.3    12,301      16.4     1,594       2.1     1,278       1.7     4,269       5.7
Mississippi                          640       1.1    15,262      25.5     1,478       2.5       833       1.4     3,165       5.3
Missouri                           1,261       1.1    34,537      30.1     2,389       2.1       810       0.7    10,853       9.5
Montana /a/                          339       1.8     4,508      23.8       480       2.5       174       0.9     1,240       6.5
Nebraska /a/                         558       1.5     9,268        25       933       2.5       607       1.6     1,876       5.1
Nevada                               239       1.1     5,275      23.5       610       2.7       309       1.4     1,619       7.2
New Hampshire                        254       1.2     4,268      19.4       566       2.6       329       1.5       995       4.5
New Jersey                         1,800       1.1    35,805      22.3     4,508       2.8     1,728       1.1    14,478       9.0
New Mexico                           243       0.7     8,828      24.1       837       2.3       441       1.2     2,850       7.8
New York                           2,983       0.8    95,782      27.1     6,930         2     2,825       0.8    31,534       8.9
North Carolina                     2,151       1.6    24,751      18.6     3,909       2.9     1,319       1.0     7,295       5.5
North Dakota                         179       1.3     2,976      21.6       386       2.8       268       1.9       633       4.6
Ohio                               1,776       0.9    47,353      23.5     4,868       2.4     5,443       2.7    21,003      10.4
Oklahoma                             860       1.2    16,580      22.9     1,974       2.7       622       0.9     5,550       7.7
Oregon                               665       1.3    10,157      20.2     1,576       3.1       716       1.4     3,916       7.8
Pennsylvania                       2,170       1.1    50,618      26.5     3,866         2     1,267       0.7    13,887       7.3
Rhode Island                          82       0.5     2,248      14.6       366       2.4       158       1.0     1,088       7.0
South Carolina /b/                 1,085       1.6    12,198      17.7     2,166       3.1       263       0.4     5,470       7.9
South Dakota                         208       1.2     3,122      18.3       621       3.6       326       1.9     1,046       6.1
Tennessee /a/                      1,280       1.4    21,949      23.9     4,267       4.7       870       0.9     6,308       6.9
Texas                              4,143       1.0   128,870      29.8    10,722       2.5     2,564       0.6    14,224       3.3
Utah                                 267       0.8     7,490      21.2       875       2.5       105       0.3     2,278       6.5
Vermont /b/                          199       1.2     3,123      19.5       495       3.1       325       2.0       782       4.9
Virginia                           1,945       1.5    30,478      23.6     3,389       2.6     1,794       1.4     6,243       4.8
Washington                         1,255       1.4    21,229      24.1     2,426       2.8     1,029       1.2     6,264       7.1
West Virginia                        360       0.9     9,669      25.1     1,120       2.9       268       0.7     2,264       5.9
Wisconsin                          1,339       1.5    15,515      17.5     3,138       3.5       835       0.9     5,324       6.0
Wyoming                              135       1.0     3,194      24.7       316       2.4       119       0.9     1,028       7.9
  Outlying Areas                                                                                                     106       7.9
American Samoa                         6       0.4       429        32        56       4.2        25       1.9       247       6.4
Guam                                  50       1.3     1,259      32.8        57       1.5        14       0.4        68       6.2
Northern Marianas                      4       0.4       301      27.3        29       2.6         9       0.8     4,026       5.9
Puerto Rico                          857       1.3    20,130      29.6     1,298       1.9       297       0.4       456      13.7
Virgin Islands                        44       1.3       711      21.4        83       2.5        36       1.1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a/ The following staff data were imputed based on current year data: Prekindergarten teachers in Alabama and California; instructional aides in Montana; instructional coordinators in Georgia; and support staff in Georgia, Montana, Nebraska, and Tennessee.

b/ So. Carolina support staff and all Vermont staff (except teachers) were imputed based on prior year data. --- Data missing or not available.

NOTE: All staff counts are full-time eqivalency counts.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, " State Nonfiscal Survey."

Table 4.--Number of public school graduates, 12th-grade student membership, and 9th-grade student membership 3 years earlier, by state: School year 1992-93

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Regular         Other           12th-           9th-       High school       Other  
                         high school      diploma          grade          grade       equivalency    high school
                          graduates      recipients     membership     membership     recipients     completers
        State            1992-93 a/      1992-93 b/       1992-93        1989-90      1992-93 c/       1992-93 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  United States           2,233,241        53,343       2,430,536       3,141,456          ---         21,043
Alabama                      36,007             0          41,167          58,333        1,393          2,650
Alaska                        5,535             0           6,714           7,545          768             28
Arizona                      31,747             0          37,410          44,106        2,849            108
Arkansas                     25,655             0          27,651          32,731        2,777          1,600
California                  249,320        38,825         270,675         367,444        3,864              0
Colorado                     31,839             0          34,533          42,278        2,869            400
Connecticut                  26,799           108          28,366          33,185        1,281              0
Delaware                      5,492           148           6,129           7,827          415             77
District of Columbia          3,136             0           3,433           4,852          832             92
Florida                      89,428         1,995         100,835         145,727       10,004            977
Georgia                      57,602         1,106          63,646          93,559          ---            812
Hawaii                        8,854            34           9,051          11,819           27            396
Idaho                        12,974           209          14,593          15,771          274             91
Illinois                    103,628             0         106,475         132,786          ---              0
Indiana                      57,559           886          62,234          76,603        3,829          1,097
Iowa                         30,677           108          33,057          35,041        2,155            103
Kansas                       24,720             0          26,706          30,791          ---              0
Kentucky                     36,361             0          38,029          50,010          ---              0
Louisiana                    33,682             0          38,368          59,813        9,296              0
Maine                        12,103           287          13,882          16,282          755             47
Maryland                     39,523             0          40,426          52,248        1,634            568
Massachusetts                48,321             0          52,425          61,890          ---              0
Michigan                     85,302         1,604          90,655         122,120        3,661            293
Minnesota c/                 48,002             0          53,813          53,878        3,695              0
Mississippi                  23,597           572          26,328          37,133        3,331          1,098
Missouri                     46,864             0          50,534          64,372        3,208              0
Montana                       9,389             0          10,019          10,827          820              0
Nebraska                     17,569            71          18,999          20,206          415             60
Nevada                        9,042           722          12,242          12,999        1,423            155
New Hampshire                10,065             0          10,752          12,838        2,046              0
New Jersey                   67,134             0          67,353          78,241        9,888              0
New Mexico                   15,172             0          16,027          22,253        3,247            308
New York                    132,963         3,473         142,822         203,393       10,483            231
North Carolina               60,460            23          63,427          89,470        4,761          1,260
North Dakota                  7,310             0           8,014           8,524          308              0
Ohio                        109,200             0         116,085         145,557        5,112              0
Oklahoma                     30,542             0          33,346          40,261        6,664              0
Oregon                       26,301           121          31,920          36,213        7,948          2,570
Pennsylvania                103,715             0         108,244         128,736        6,529              0
Rhode Island                  7,640             2           8,244          10,123          580             11
South Carolina               31,297         1,241          34,615          52,848        2,138          2,023
South Dakota                  7,952           204           8,259           8,921          387             44
Tennessee                    44,166             0          49,639          65,551        4,010          1,745
Texas                       160,546             0         180,206         270,446          ---              0
Utah                         24,197         1,373          28,775          30,002          247            155
Vermont b/                    5,215           191           5,573           6,357           13             94
Virginia                     56,948             0          60,854          76,727          ---          1,315
Washington                   45,262             0          53,986          59,880        4,987              0
West Virginia                20,228             0          21,844          25,953        1,327            592
Wisconsin                    50,027             0          55,543          59,880        1,396              0
Wyoming                       6,174            40           6,613           7,106          ---             43
  Outlying areas
American Samoa                  712             0             748             827           16              6
Guam                            912             0           1,115             393          ---              0
Northern Marianas               245             0             311           2,321          ---              0
Puerto Rico                  29,064        10,051          32,344          45,952        6,880              0
Virgin Islands                  927           130           1,117           1,519          115              0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--- Data missing or not available.
a/ Regular high school graduates may include summer graduates not included in 12th grade membership.
b/ Other diploma recipients in Vermont have been imputed based on prior year data.
c/ Includes recipients ages 19 or younger, except in Minnnesota where they are ages 20 or younger.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, "State Nonfiscal Survey."

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