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Table 80  Minimum and average teacher salaries, by state: 1990-91, 1996-97, and 1997-98

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                      |             1990-91                           |             1996-97                             |             1997-98                    |  Percent change,
                      |_______________________________________________|_________________________________________________|________________________________________|1990-91 to 1997-98
                      |           |           |  Minimum  |   Average |             |           |  Minimum  |   Average |              |             |  Minimum  |  (constant
                      |           |           |(beginning)|    salary |             |           |(beginning)|    salary |              |             |(beginning)|   dollars)\1\
                      |   Minimum |   Average |salary (in |     (in   |      Minimum|   Average |salary (in |     (in   |      Minimum |     Average |salary as a|______________________
        State         |   (begin- |    salary |  1997-98  |   1997-98 |     (begin- |    salary |  1997-98  |   1997-98 |     (begin-  |      salary |percent of |  Minimum  | Average
                      |    ning)  |           |dollars)\1\|     dol-  |      ning)  |           |dollars)\1\|     dol-  |       ning)  |             |  average  |(beginning)|  salary
                      |    salary |           |           |   lars)\1\|      salary |           |  salary   |   lars)\1\|      salary  |             |  salary   |  salary   |
______________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|___________|__________
          1           |      2    |      3    |      4    |      5    |        6    |      7    |     8     |      9    |        10    |        11   |    12     |    13     |    14
______________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|___________|__________
  United States ......|   $21,542 |   $32,880 |   $26,018 |   $39,712 |     $25,015 |   $38,436 |   $25,461 |   $39,121 |      $25,735 |     $39,347 |      65.4 |      -1.1 |     -0.9
                      |___________|___________|___________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|___________|__________
Alabama ..............|    22,114 |    26,846 |    26,709 |    32,424 |      27,107 |    32,470 |    27,590 |    33,049 |       27,388 |      32,799 |      83.5 |       2.5 |      1.2
Alaska ...............|\2\ 29,950 |    43,406 |\2\ 36,173 |    52,425 |      32,502 |    49,140 |    33,082 |    50,016 |       33,162 |      48,275 |      68.7 |      -8.3 |     -7.9
Arizona ..............|\2\ 21,375 |    30,773 |\2\ 25,816 |    37,167 |      24,286 |    33,208 |    24,719 |    33,800 |\2\    24,917 |\2\   34,071 |      73.1 |      -3.5 |     -8.3
Arkansas .............|\3\ 17,458 |\4\ 23,735 |\3\ 21,085 |\4\ 28,667 |      21,000 |    30,987 |    21,375 |    31,540 |       21,000 |\4,5\ 32,119 |      65.4 |      -0.4 |     12.0
California ...........|\2\ 24,570 |\2\ 39,118 |\2\ 29,675 |\2\ 47,246 |      26,684 |    42,992 |    27,160 |    43,759 |       27,852 |      44,585 |      62.5 |      -6.1 |     -5.6
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Colorado .............|    19,786 |    31,819 |    23,897 |    38,430 |      24,199 |    36,271 |    24,631 |    36,918 |       24,867 |      37,240 |      66.8 |       4.1 |     -3.1
Connecticut ..........|    25,312 |    43,398 |    30,571 |    52,415 |      29,154 |    51,181 |    29,674 |    52,094 |       29,506 |      51,727 |      57.0 |      -3.5 |     -1.3
Delaware .............|    21,112 |    35,246 |    25,499 |    42,569 |      24,349 |    41,436 |    24,783 |    42,175 |       25,493 |      42,439 |      60.1 |      -0.0 |     -0.3
District of Columbia .|    23,327 |\2\ 39,362 |    28,174 |\2\ 47,541 |\2\   25,937 |\2\ 42,424 |    26,400 |    43,181 |\2\    27,234 |\2\   44,746 |      60.9 |      -3.3 |     -5.9
Florida ..............|    21,368 |    30,555 |    25,808 |    36,904 |      24,736 |    33,885 |    25,177 |    34,489 |       25,266 |      34,473 |      73.3 |      -2.1 |     -6.6
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Georgia ..............|    20,471 |\4\ 28,950 |    24,724 |\4\ 34,965 |\2\   25,434 |    35,679 |    25,888 |    36,315 |\2\    26,706 |      37,412 |      71.4 |       8.0 |      7.0
Hawaii ...............|    23,792 |    33,548 |    28,735 |    40,519 |      25,965 |    38,105 |    26,428 |    38,785 |       26,744 |\2\   36,598 |      73.1 |      -6.9 |     -9.7
Idaho ................|    15,685 |    25,510 |    18,944 |    30,810 |      20,006 |    31,818 |    20,363 |    32,385 |\2\    20,248 |      32,834 |      61.7 |       6.9 |      6.6
Illinois .............|\4\ 21,954 |\4\ 34,642 |\4\ 26,516 |\4\ 41,840 |\6\   27,210 |\6\ 42,339 |    27,695 |    43,094 |\6\    28,183 |\6\   43,707 |      64.5 |       6.3 |      4.5
Indiana ..............|\4\ 20,247 |\4\ 32,931 |\4\ 24,454 |\4\ 39,773 |      24,172 |    38,722 |    24,603 |    39,413 |       24,716 |      39,752 |      62.2 |       1.1 |     -0.1
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Iowa .................|    19,404 |    27,949 |    23,436 |    33,756 |      21,884 |    33,272 |    22,274 |    33,865 |       22,475 |      34,084 |      65.9 |      -4.1 |      1.0
Kansas ...............|\7\ 18,954 |\7\ 28,188 |\7\ 22,892 |\7\ 34,045 |\7\   21,909 |\7\ 33,150 |    22,300 |    33,741 |\7\    22,445 |\7\   33,800 |      66.4 |      -2.0 |     -0.7
Kentucky .............|    19,311 |    29,115 |    23,323 |    35,164 |\5\   23,015 |\4\ 33,802 |    23,425 |    34,405 |\5\    23,536 |\5\   34,453 |      68.3 |       0.9 |     -2.0
Louisiana ............|    17,486 |    26,170 |    21,119 |    31,608 |      20,615 |    28,347 |    20,983 |    28,853 |       22,843 |      30,090 |      75.9 |       8.2 |     -4.8
Maine ................|    18,878 |    28,531 |    22,800 |    34,459 |      20,972 |    33,676 |    21,346 |    34,277 |       21,554 |      34,349 |      62.8 |      -5.5 |     -0.3
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Maryland .............|    23,548 |\4\ 38,312 |    28,441 |\4\ 46,272 |\5\   26,548 |    41,257 |    27,021 |    41,993 |\5\    27,010 |\5\   41,404 |      65.2 |      -5.0 |    -10.5
Massachusetts ........|\2\ 21,800 |    36,090 |\2\ 26,330 |    43,589 |\2\   26,445 |\2\ 44,101 |    26,917 |    44,888 |\2\    27,238 |\2\   44,285 |      61.5 |       3.5 |      1.6
Michigan .............|\2\ 22,400 |\2\ 37,800 |\2\ 27,054 |\2\ 45,654 |\2\   26,404 |\2\ 47,769 |    26,875 |    48,621 |\2\    27,064 |\2\   48,361 |      56.0 |       0.0 |      5.9
Minnesota ............|\4\ 21,029 |    33,128 |\4\ 25,398 |    40,011 |\2\   25,600 |    38,276 |    26,057 |    38,959 |\2\    26,266 |\2\   39,104 |      67.2 |       3.4 |     -2.3
Mississippi ..........|\2\ 18,950 |\2\ 24,609 |\2\ 22,887 |\2\ 29,722 |\4,5\ 20,150 |    27,662 |    20,509 |    28,155 |       20,630 |      28,691 |      71.9 |      -9.9 |     -3.5
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Missouri .............|\2\ 20,293 |\2\ 27,636 |\2\ 24,509 |\2\ 33,378 |      23,400 |    33,143 |    23,817 |    33,734 |\4,5\  24,125 |\4,5\ 34,001 |      71.0 |      -1.6 |      1.9
Montana ..............|\2\ 18,400 |    26,696 |\2\ 22,223 |    32,243 |\2\   20,592 |    29,958 |    20,959 |    30,492 |\2\    21,045 |      30,617 |      68.7 |      -5.3 |     -5.0
Nebraska .............|    18,344 |    26,592 |    22,155 |    32,117 |      21,189 |    31,768 |    21,567 |    32,335 |       21,949 |      32,668 |      67.2 |      -0.9 |      1.7
Nevada ...............|\6\ 24,358 |\6\ 35,269 |\6\ 29,419 |\6\ 42,597 |      28,538 |    40,817 |    29,047 |    41,545 |       28,641 |\6\   40,572 |      70.6 |      -2.6 |     -4.8
New Hampshire ........|\2\ 20,635 |    31,273 |\2\ 24,922 |    37,771 |\2\   23,690 |    36,029 |    24,112 |    36,672 |\2\    23,927 |      36,663 |      65.3 |      -4.0 |     -2.9
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
New Jersey ...........|    24,500 |    38,411 |    29,591 |    46,392 |      28,039 |    49,786 |    28,539 |    50,674 |       28,319 |      50,284 |      56.3 |      -4.3 |      8.4
New Mexico ...........|    19,124 |\4\ 25,800 |    23,098 |\4\ 31,161 |      22,840 |    29,715 |    23,247 |    30,245 |\2\    23,297 |\2\   30,309 |      76.9 |       0.9 |     -2.7
New York .............|\8\ 26,375 |\8\ 42,080 |\8\ 31,855 |\8\ 50,823 |\8\   28,749 |\8\ 48,000 |    29,262 |    48,856 |\8\    30,204 |\8\   48,712 |      62.0 |      -5.2 |     -4.2
North Carolina .......|    19,810 |    29,165 |    23,926 |    35,225 |      21,330 |    31,167 |    21,710 |    31,723 |       22,150 |      33,123 |      66.9 |      -7.4 |     -6.0
North Dakota .........|    16,274 |    23,574 |    19,655 |    28,472 |      18,889 |    27,709 |    19,226 |    28,203 |       19,146 |      28,231 |      67.8 |      -2.6 |     -0.8
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Ohio .................|    18,452 |    31,964 |    22,286 |    38,605 |      22,146 |    38,944 |    22,541 |    39,639 |       22,535 |      39,099 |      57.6 |       1.1 |      1.3
Oklahoma .............|\7\ 18,575 |\7\ 24,378 |\7\ 22,434 |\7\ 29,443 |      23,842 |    30,187 |    24,267 |    30,725 |       23,676 |      30,940 |      76.5 |       5.5 |      5.1
Oregon ...............|\6\ 20,357 |\6\ 32,295 |\6\ 24,587 |\6\ 39,005 |\6\   25,373 |\6\ 41,093 |    25,826 |    41,826 |\6\    26,098 |\6\   42,301 |      61.7 |       6.1 |      8.4
Pennsylvania .........|\2\ 23,250 |\4\ 36,057 |\2\ 28,081 |\4\ 43,549 |      29,426 |    47,147 |    29,951 |    47,988 |       29,581 |      47,542 |      62.2 |       5.3 |      9.2
Rhode Island .........|    20,887 |\2\ 38,220 |    25,227 |\2\ 46,161 |\2\   25,450 |\2\ 43,084 |    25,904 |    43,852 |\2\    26,300 |\2\   44,506 |      59.1 |       4.3 |     -3.6
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
South Carolina .......|\4\ 19,757 |\4\ 28,174 |\4\ 23,862 |\4\ 34,028 |      22,794 |    32,659 |    23,201 |    33,241 |       23,427 |      33,608 |      69.7 |      -1.8 |     -1.2
South Dakota .........|    16,676 |    22,363 |    20,141 |    27,010 |      19,412 |    27,072 |    19,758 |    27,555 |       20,340 |      27,839 |      73.1 |       1.0 |      3.1
Tennessee ............|    20,150 |    28,248 |    24,337 |    34,117 |\5\   21,705 |    34,267 |    22,092 |    34,878 |\5\    22,140 |\5\   34,584 |      64.0 |      -9.0 |      1.4
Texas ................|\2\ 20,150 |\2\ 28,100 |\2\ 24,337 |\2\ 33,939 |      24,079 |    32,426 |    24,508 |    33,004 |       24,736 |      33,537 |      73.8 |       1.6 |     -1.2
Utah .................|    17,234 |\4\ 25,415 |    20,815 |\4\ 30,696 |      21,475 |\4\ 31,310 |    21,858 |    31,868 |       22,241 |\4\   32,981 |      67.4 |       6.9 |      7.4
                      |           |           |           |           |             |           |           |           |              |             |           |           |
Vermont ..............|\2\ 18,509 |\2\ 29,714 |\2\ 22,355 |\2\ 35,888 |\2\   24,934 |    36,053 |    25,379 |    36,696 |\2\    25,183 |      36,299 |      69.4 |      12.7 |      1.1
Virginia .............|\4\ 22,206 |\4\ 32,692 |\4\ 26,820 |\4\ 39,485 |\5\   24,774 |    36,116 |    25,216 |    36,760 |\5\    25,272 |\5\   37,024 |      68.3 |      -5.8 |     -6.2
Washington ...........|\4\ 20,612 |\4\ 32,975 |\4\ 24,895 |\4\ 39,826 |      23,933 |    37,860 |    24,360 |    38,535 |       23,860 |\4\   38,755 |      61.6 |      -4.2 |     -2.7
West Virginia ........|    18,728 |    25,966 |    22,619 |    31,361 |\5\   22,278 |    33,258 |    22,675 |    33,851 |\5\    22,529 |\5\   33,396 |      67.5 |      -0.4 |      6.5
Wisconsin ............|    20,689 |    33,077 |    24,988 |    39,950 |\5\   23,619 |    37,878 |    24,040 |    38,554 |\5\    24,077 |\5\   38,179 |      63.1 |      -3.6 |     -4.4
Wyoming ..............|    19,238 |    28,996 |    23,235 |    35,021 |\2\   22,010 |\6\ 31,716 |    22,403 |    32,282 |\2\    22,230 |      32,022 |      69.4 |      -4.3 |     -8.6
______________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|___________|__________

\1\Based on the Consumer Price Index prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Price index does not account for different rates of change in the cost of living among states.
\2\Estimated by the American Federation of Teachers. See NOTE.
\3\Excludes state-paid health insurance.
\4\Preliminary or state estimate.
\5\Includes pay for extra duties.
\6\Includes employer pick-up of employee pension contribution.
\7\Estimated to exclude fringe benefits.
\8\Median salary. NOTE.
--Data in this table reflect results of surveys conducted by the American Federation of Teachers. Because of differing survey and estimation methods, these data are not entirely comparable with figures appearing in other tables. Some data revised from previously published figures.

SOURCE: American Federation of Teachers, Survey and Analysis of Teacher Salary Trends, various years. (This table was prepared August 1999.)

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