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Table 605.10. Gross domestic product per capita and public and private education expenditures per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student, by level of education and country: Selected years, 2005 through 2010
Country Gross domestic product
per capita
Elementary and secondary education expenditures per FTE student Higher education expenditures per FTE student
2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  Current dollars
OECD average1  $28,772 $33,452 $33,886 $33,206 $33,471 $6,751   $7,410   $8,180   $8,632   $8,501   $11,358   $12,442   $13,391   $13,707   $13,211  
Australia 33,983 37,615 39,532 39,971 40,801 7,142   7,590   7,814   9,139   9,803   14,579   14,726   15,043   16,074   15,142  
Austria 34,107 36,839 39,849 38,834 40,411 9,436   9,959   10,994   11,681   11,693   14,775   15,039   15,043   14,257   15,007  
Belgium 32,077 34,662 36,879 36,698 37,878 7,306   8,333   9,706   9,783   10,123   11,960   13,482   15,020   15,443   15,179  
Canada 38,883 38,522 40,136 7,774 2  8,388 2  8,997 2  9,774 2    23,329 3,4  20,903 3  20,903 3  22,475 3   
Chile 12,635 14,106 14,578 15,107 2,099   2,089   2,245   2,635   2,935   6,873   6,292   6,829   6,829   6,863  
                                                   
Czech Republic 20,280 23,995 25,845 25,614 25,364 4,098   4,712   5,236   5,615   5,532   6,649   8,209   8,318   8,237   7,635  
Denmark5 33,626 36,326 39,494 38,299 40,600 8,997   9,448   10,429   11,094   11,404   14,959   16,466   17,634   18,556   18,977  
Estonia 16,660 20,620 21,802 19,789 20,093 3,736   4,637   6,054   6,149   5,984   3,869   5,653 4  6,022 4  6,373   6,501  
Finland 30,468 35,322 37,795 35,848 36,030 6,610   7,216   8,068   8,314   8,591   12,285   13,566   15,402   16,569   16,714  
France 29,644 32,495 34,233 33,724 34,395 7,456   8,070   8,559   8,861   9,070   10,995   12,773   14,079   14,642   15,067  
                                                   
Germany 30,496 34,683 37,171 36,048 37,661 7,039   7,243   7,859   8,534     12,446   13,823   15,390   15,711    
Greece 25,472 27,793 29,920 29,381 27,539 5,493 2          6,130          
Hungary3 17,014 18,763 20,700 20,154 20,625 4,027   4,371   4,626   4,506   4,555   6,244   6,721   7,327   8,518   8,745  
Iceland 35,571 36,325 39,029 36,718 35,509 8,815   8,949   9,745   9,309   8,592   9,474 5  9,309   10,429   9,939   8,728  
Ireland 38,061 44,381 42,644 39,750 41,000 6,411   7,791   8,915 3  9,615 3  9,638 3  10,468   12,631   16,284 3  16,420 3  16,008 3 
                                                   
Israel 21,474 26,444 27,690 27,454 26,552 5,041   5,345   5,780   5,464   5,692   10,919   11,435   12,568   11,214   10,730  
Italy 27,750 31,016 33,271 32,397 32,110 7,410 3  7,771 3  9,071 3  8,943 3  8,489 3  8,026 3  8,673   9,553   9,562   9,580  
Japan5 30,290 33,635 33,902 32,324 35,238 7,343   8,012   8,301   8,502   9,168   12,326   14,201   14,890   15,957   16,015  
Korea, Republic of 21,342 26,574 26,877 27,171 28,829 5,638   6,663   6,723   8,122   7,396   7,606   8,920   9,081   9,513   9,972  
Luxembourg 69,984 82,456 89,732 82,972 84,672 15,930 2,3  15,579 2,3  16,909   18,018   19,050            
                                                   
Mexico 11,299 14,128 15,190 14,397 15,195 2,025   2,165   2,284   2,339   2,464   6,402   6,971   7,504   8,020   7,872  
Netherlands 34,724 39,594 42,887 41,089 41,682 7,045   8,571   9,251   10,030   10,075   13,883   15,969   17,245   17,849   17,161  
New Zealand 24,882 27,020 29,231 29,204 29,629 5,659   5,454   6,496   7,556   7,681   10,262   9,905   10,526   10,619   10,418  
Norway 47,620 53,672 43,659 54,708 44,825 9,975   10,855   12,070   12,971   13,067   15,552   17,140   18,942   19,269   18,512  
Poland3  13,573 16,312 18,062 18,910 20,034 3,165   3,804   4,682   5,167   5,693   5,593   5,576   7,063   7,776   8,866  
                                                   
Portugal3 19,967 22,638 24,962 24,935 25,519 5,646   5,898   6,276   7,288   7,419   8,787   10,398   10,373   10,481   10,578  
Slovak Republic6 15,881 20,270 23,205 22,620 23,194 2,740   3,296   4,006   4,781   5,066   5,783   5,736   6,560   6,758   6,904  
Slovenia 23,043 26,557 29,241 27,150 26,649 7,065   7,267   8,555   8,670   8,505   8,573   8,559   9,263   9,311   9,693  
Spain 27,270 31,469 33,173 32,146 31,574 6,411   7,671   8,522   8,818   8,479   10,089   12,548   13,366   13,614   13,373  
Sweden 32,770 36,785 39,321 37,192 39,251 7,861   8,773   9,524   9,709   10,044   15,946   18,361   20,014   19,961   19,562  
                                                   
Switzerland3 35,500 41,800 45,517 44,773 48,962 10,721   11,702   13,775   13,411   13,510   21,734   20,883   21,648   21,577   21,893  
Turkey 14,963 14,442 15,775         2,020            
United Kingdom 31,580 34,957 36,817 34,483 35,299 6,888   8,622   9,169   9,602   9,980   13,506   15,463   15,310   16,338   15,862  
United States 41,674 46,434 46,901 45,087 46,548 9,771   10,882   11,107   11,818   11,826   23,435   25,373   27,499   27,066   25,576  
  Constant 2012 dollars
OECD average1  $33,826 $37,042 $36,135 $35,536 $35,242 $7,936   $8,205   $8,723   $9,238   $8,951   $13,353   $13,777   $14,280   $14,669   $13,911  
Australia 39,952 41,652 42,156 42,777 42,960 8,396   8,404   8,332   9,781   10,322   17,140   16,307   16,041   17,202   15,943  
Austria 40,098 40,792 42,494 41,560 42,549 11,093   11,027   11,723   12,500   12,312   17,370   16,653   16,042   15,258   15,801  
Belgium 37,711 38,382 39,327 39,273 39,882 8,589   9,227   10,350   10,470   10,659   14,061   14,929   16,018   16,527   15,982  
Canada 43,056 41,079 42,952 9,139 2  9,288 2  9,594 2  10,460 2    27,427 3,4  23,147 3  22,291 3  24,053 3   
Chile 14,854 15,042 15,601 15,906 2,467   2,313   2,394   2,820   3,091   8,080   6,967   7,282   7,308   7,226  
                                                   
Czech Republic 23,843 26,570 27,561 27,412 26,706 4,817   5,217   5,584   6,010   5,825   7,816   9,090   8,870   8,815   8,039  
Denmark5 39,532 40,224 42,116 40,987 42,749 10,577   10,462   11,121   11,873   12,007   17,586   18,233   18,804   19,858   19,981  
Estonia 19,586 22,833 23,249 21,178 21,156 4,392   5,135   6,456   6,581   6,301   4,549   6,260 4  6,422 4  6,820   6,845  
Finland 35,820 39,113 40,304 38,364 37,936 7,771   7,991   8,604   8,897   9,045   14,443   15,022   16,424   17,732   17,598  
France 34,851 35,982 36,506 36,091 36,215 8,766   8,936   9,127   9,483   9,550   12,927   14,143   15,013   15,669   15,864  
                                                   
Germany 35,852 38,405 39,638 38,578 39,654 8,275   8,020   8,380   9,133     14,632   15,306   16,411   16,814    
Greece 29,946 30,776 31,906 31,443 28,996 6,458 2          7,207          
Hungary3 20,003 20,777 22,074 21,569 21,716 4,734   4,840   4,933   4,823   4,796   7,341   7,442   7,813   9,116   9,208  
Iceland 41,819 40,223 41,619 39,295 37,388 10,363   9,909   10,391   9,962   9,046   11,138 5  10,308   11,122   10,636   9,190  
Ireland 44,746 49,144 45,474 42,540 43,170 7,537   8,627   9,507 3  10,290 3  10,148 3  12,307   13,987   17,365 3  17,572 3  16,855 3 
                                                   
Israel 25,246 29,281 29,528 29,381 27,957 5,926   5,919   6,164   5,847   5,993   12,837   12,663   13,403   12,001   11,298  
Italy 32,624 34,344 35,479 34,671 33,809 8,711 3  8,605 3  9,673 3  9,571 3  8,938 3  9,436 3  9,604   10,188   10,233   10,087  
Japan5 35,611 37,244 36,153 34,593 37,103 8,633   8,872   8,852   9,098   9,653   14,491   15,726   15,878   17,077   16,862  
Korea, Republic of 25,091 29,426 28,661 29,078 30,354 6,629   7,378   7,169   8,692   7,787   8,942   9,877   9,684   10,181   10,499  
Luxembourg 82,276 91,305 95,688 88,796 89,152 18,728 2,3  17,251 2,3  18,032   19,282   20,058            
                                                   
Mexico 13,284 15,644 16,198 15,408 15,999 2,381   2,397   2,436   2,503   2,594   7,527   7,720   8,002   8,583   8,289  
Netherlands 40,823 43,843 45,734 43,973 43,887 8,282   9,491   9,865   10,734   10,608   16,321   17,682   18,389   19,102   18,069  
New Zealand 29,252 29,920 31,171 31,254 31,197 6,654   6,040   6,927   8,087   8,088   12,064   10,968   11,225   11,365   10,969  
Norway 55,985 59,432 46,557 58,547 47,197 11,727   12,020   12,871   13,881   13,758   18,284   18,979   20,199   20,621   19,491  
Poland3  15,957 18,062 19,261 20,237 21,094 3,720   4,212   4,992   5,529   5,994   6,575   6,174   7,532   8,322   9,335  
                                                   
Portugal3 23,474 25,068 26,619 26,686 26,869 6,637   6,531   6,692   7,800   7,812   10,331   11,514   11,061   11,216   11,138  
Slovak Republic6 18,670 22,445 24,745 24,207 24,421 3,221   3,649   4,272   5,116   5,334   6,799   6,352   6,995   7,232   7,269  
Slovenia 27,091 29,407 31,182 29,055 28,059 8,306   8,046   9,123   9,279   8,955   10,079   9,477   9,878   9,965   10,206  
Spain 32,060 34,846 35,375 34,402 33,244 7,537   8,495   9,087   9,437   8,927   11,861   13,895   14,254   14,569   14,081  
Sweden 38,526 40,733 41,931 39,802 41,328 9,242   9,714   10,156   10,391   10,576   18,747   20,332   21,342   21,362   20,597  
                                                   
Switzerland3 41,735 46,286 48,538 47,915 51,553 12,604   12,958   14,689   14,352   14,225   25,552   23,124   23,085   23,092   23,052  
Turkey 15,956 15,456 16,610         2,127            
United Kingdom 37,127 38,708 39,261 36,903 37,166 8,098   9,548   9,777   10,276   10,508   15,879   17,123   16,326   17,485   16,702  
United States 48,994 51,417 50,014 48,252 49,011 11,487   12,049   11,844   12,647   12,452   27,551   28,096   29,325   28,966   26,929  
—Not available.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting OECD countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average includes all current OECD countries for which a given year's data are available, even if they were not members of OECD in that year.
2 Includes preprimary education.
3 Public institutions only.
4 Excludes occupation-specific education corresponding to that offered at the vocational associate's degree level in the United States.
5 Postsecondary non-higher-education included in both secondary and higher education.
6 Occupation-specific education corresponding to that offered at the vocational associate's degree level in the United States is included under elementary and secondary education instead of under higher education.
NOTE: Includes all expenditures by public and private education institutions (such as administration, instruction, ancillary services for students and families, and research and development) unless otherwise noted. Expenditures for International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 4 (postsecondary non-higher-education) are included in elementary and secondary education unless otherwise noted. Data for Canada, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, and the United States do not include postsecondary non-higher-education. Data adjusted to U.S. dollars using the purchasing power parity (PPP) index. Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education at a Glance, 2008 through 2013. (This table was prepared May 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education