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Table 442. Percentage of college students 16 to 24 years old who were employed, by attendance status, hours worked per week, and level and control of institution: Selected years, October 1970 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]  
Level and control of institution and year Full-time students Part-time students
Percent
employed2
Hours worked per week1 Percent
employed2
Hours worked per week1
Less than 20 hours 20 to 34 hours 35 or more hours Less than 20 hours 20 to 34 hours 35 or more hours
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total, all institutions                                    
1970 33.8 (0.95) 19.3 (0.79) 10.4 (0.61) 3.8 (0.38) 82.2 (1.93) 5.0   (1.10) 15.8   (1.84) 60.3 (2.47)
1975 35.3 (0.89) 18.2 (0.72) 12.0 (0.60) 4.7 (0.39) 80.9 (1.66) 6.0   (1.00) 19.5   (1.67) 52.6 (2.11)
1980 40.0 (0.90) 21.5 (0.75) 14.0 (0.64) 3.9 (0.36) 84.5 (1.48) 7.9   (1.10) 22.5   (1.71) 52.6 (2.05)
1985 44.2 (0.94) 21.8 (0.78) 17.3 (0.72) 4.3 (0.39) 86.1 (1.50) 6.0   (1.03) 26.8   (1.92) 52.5 (2.17)
1990 45.7 (0.96) 20.6 (0.78) 19.3 (0.76) 4.8 (0.41) 83.7 (1.61) 4.0   (0.86) 26.0   (1.92) 52.7 (2.18)
1995 47.2 (0.87) 19.1 (0.69) 20.3 (0.70) 6.5 (0.43) 82.9 (1.45) 8.6   (1.08) 30.4   (1.77) 42.3 (1.90)
                                     
2000 52.0 (0.86) 20.1 (0.69) 21.7 (0.71) 8.9 (0.49) 84.9 (1.38) 8.6   (1.08) 27.8   (1.73) 47.5 (1.93)
2001 47.0 (0.80) 17.4 (0.61) 20.6 (0.65) 7.9 (0.43) 84.5 (1.29) 8.1   (0.97) 25.8   (1.56) 48.9 (1.79)
2002 47.8 (0.78) 17.3 (0.59) 20.9 (0.64) 8.5 (0.44) 78.9 (1.51) 8.7   (1.04) 25.3   (1.61) 43.4 (1.84)
2003 47.7 (0.78) 17.1 (0.59) 20.7 (0.63) 8.8 (0.44) 79.0 (1.44) 7.8   (0.95) 27.2   (1.58) 42.8 (1.75)
2004 49.0 (0.76) 17.7 (0.58) 21.6 (0.62) 8.6 (0.43) 81.5 (1.44) 8.5   (1.04) 27.4   (1.66) 44.1 (1.84)
                                     
2005 49.1 (0.75) 17.8 (0.58) 21.1 (0.61) 9.0 (0.43) 85.0 (1.30) 10.2   (1.10) 27.1   (1.62) 47.1 (1.82)
2006 46.5 (0.76) 15.1 (0.55) 22.0 (0.63) 8.1 (0.42) 81.0 (1.41) 7.3   (0.94) 27.6   (1.61) 45.5 (1.80)
2007 45.5 (0.74) 15.4 (0.54) 20.7 (0.60) 8.7 (0.42) 81.2 (1.39) 6.8   (0.90) 27.2   (1.59) 45.9 (1.78)
2008 45.3 (0.72) 15.6 (0.53) 20.1 (0.58) 8.7 (0.41) 79.4 (1.51) 9.3   (1.09) 24.7   (1.61) 44.4 (1.86)
2009 40.6 (0.69) 15.6 (0.51) 17.6 (0.54) 6.2 (0.34) 76.2 (1.57) 10.1   (1.11) 27.5   (1.65) 36.9 (1.78)
                                     
2010 39.8 (1.01) 14.9 (0.57) 17.2 (0.77) 6.6 (0.46) 73.4 (2.03) 10.7   (1.24) 28.3   (1.92) 32.8 (2.19)
2011 41.3 (0.94) 15.8 (0.67) 17.4 (0.66) 7.0 (0.44) 75.5 (1.93) 9.7   (1.21) 28.4   (1.99) 35.5 (2.16)
                                     
Public 4-year institutions                                    
1990 43.0 (1.27) 19.8 (1.02) 18.6 (0.99) 3.7 (0.48) 87.4 (2.42) 4.2 ! (1.47) 27.9   (3.28) 54.7 (3.64)
1995 48.8 (1.16) 19.4 (0.92) 22.6 (0.97) 5.6 (0.53) 86.7 (2.08) 9.6   (1.80) 30.8   (2.83) 45.0 (3.05)
                                     
2000 50.5 (1.15) 19.1 (0.90) 21.5 (0.94) 9.0 (0.66) 87.3 (1.91) 8.5   (1.60) 26.4   (2.53) 50.9 (2.87)
2001 45.9 (1.05) 16.6 (0.78) 20.9 (0.86) 7.5 (0.55) 86.7 (1.89) 7.5   (1.47) 27.9   (2.50) 49.5 (2.79)
2002 47.7 (1.03) 17.2 (0.78) 21.0 (0.84) 8.0 (0.56) 78.5 (2.44) 7.5   (1.56) 22.8   (2.49) 47.4 (2.96)
2003 47.5 (1.00) 17.3 (0.76) 20.7 (0.81) 8.2 (0.55) 81.7 (2.31) 9.3   (1.73) 27.3   (2.66) 43.7 (2.97)
2004 49.7 (0.98) 17.4 (0.75) 22.0 (0.82) 8.8 (0.56) 83.0 (2.13) 9.0   (1.62) 27.4   (2.53) 44.3 (2.82)
                                     
2005 49.6 (0.99) 17.8 (0.76) 22.7 (0.83) 8.0 (0.54) 86.3 (1.90) 9.0   (1.58) 26.8   (2.45) 49.7 (2.76)
2006 46.6 (1.00) 13.9 (0.69) 22.9 (0.84) 8.6 (0.56) 80.5 (2.06) 7.1   (1.33) 26.4   (2.29) 46.0 (2.59)
2007 44.7 (0.98) 14.9 (0.70) 20.1 (0.79) 8.9 (0.56) 78.3 (2.26) 6.4   (1.34) 23.1   (2.31) 48.5 (2.74)
2008 44.1 (0.96) 15.1 (0.70) 19.2 (0.76) 8.8 (0.55) 83.9 (2.25) 9.3   (1.78) 24.7   (2.64) 49.5 (3.06)
2009 40.6 (0.91) 14.7 (0.66) 18.7 (0.73) 5.8 (0.44) 78.7 (2.45) 11.1   (1.88) 25.7   (2.61) 39.8 (2.92)
                                     
2010 40.8 (1.27) 15.2 (0.88) 18.0 (0.93) 6.6 (0.64) 70.4 (3.58) 10.5   (2.04) 26.9   (2.82) 32.1 (3.59)
2011 41.0 (1.20) 15.0 (0.91) 17.6 (0.85) 7.4 (0.63) 77.5 (3.27) 7.8   (1.65) 28.4   (3.18) 39.7 (3.29)
                                     
Private 4-year institutions                                    
1990 38.1 (2.04) 24.0 (1.79) 9.9 (1.25) 3.5 (0.77) 89.9 (4.59)   (†) 31.9   (7.12) 53.1 (7.62)
1995 38.6 (1.78) 21.6 (1.51) 10.7 (1.13) 4.6 (0.77) 80.1 (4.85) 14.9   (4.32) 26.8   (5.38) 36.5 (5.84)
                                     
2000 45.8 (1.88) 23.6 (1.60) 14.9 (1.34) 5.4 (0.85) 78.0 (5.36)   (†) 18.5   (5.02) 52.6 (6.46)
2001 38.7 (1.76) 19.7 (1.44) 11.6 (1.16) 6.3 (0.88) 83.6 (4.64) 7.9 ! (3.38) 23.3   (5.29) 51.6 (6.26)
2002 39.8 (1.73) 17.4 (1.34) 15.1 (1.27) 6.0 (0.84) 77.6 (5.10) 16.6   (4.55) 17.4   (4.64) 42.1 (6.04)
2003 41.1 (1.81) 19.0 (1.44) 12.8 (1.23) 8.4 (1.02) 69.2 (4.85) 9.3 ! (3.06) 17.5   (3.99) 40.7 (5.16)
2004 40.6 (1.68) 19.6 (1.36) 15.0 (1.22) 5.3 (0.76) 73.0 (5.59)   (†) 21.2   (5.15) 49.2 (6.30)
                                     
2005 42.3 (1.64) 20.1 (1.33) 13.8 (1.15) 7.0 (0.85) 88.5 (3.32) 10.6 ! (3.20) 34.5   (4.94) 43.2 (5.15)
2006 36.9 (1.71) 18.1 (1.36) 12.4 (1.17) 5.1 (0.78) 83.0 (4.31) 6.1 ! (2.75) 21.0   (4.67) 55.9 (5.70)
2007 38.7 (1.70) 18.0 (1.34) 13.0 (1.18) 6.7 (0.87) 83.9 (4.55)   (†) 14.3 ! (4.34) 61.2 (6.04)
2008 38.0 (1.68) 18.5 (1.35) 12.4 (1.14) 5.6 (0.80) 84.4 (4.44)   (†) 21.4   (5.01) 55.3 (6.08)
2009 35.2 (1.64) 18.6 (1.33) 10.7 (1.06) 5.1 (0.76) 93.9 (2.89) 7.5 ! (3.17) 22.1   (5.00) 62.4 (5.84)
                                     
2010 35.6 (2.37) 15.7 (1.63) 12.2 (1.52) 6.0 (1.08) 78.6 (7.00)   (†) 23.4 ! (7.49) 45.6 (9.01)
2011 36.3 (2.07) 20.0 (1.61) 10.1 (1.34) 4.5 (0.82) 79.4 (6.01)   (†) 34.2   (7.03) 38.2 (7.67)
                                     
Public 2-year institutions                                    
1990 61.2 (2.09) 19.1 (1.69) 31.2 (1.99) 9.2 (1.24) 81.5 (2.33) 4.1   (1.20) 24.9   (2.60) 51.1 (3.01)
1995 52.9 (1.97) 15.6 (1.43) 25.3 (1.72) 10.9 (1.23) 81.1 (2.21) 6.1   (1.35) 32.5   (2.64) 40.5 (2.77)
                                     
2000 63.9 (1.79) 20.6 (1.51) 29.9 (1.71) 11.9 (1.21) 85.5 (2.09) 9.9   (1.77) 30.0   (2.72) 44.9 (2.95)
2001 58.1 (1.75) 18.0 (1.36) 28.0 (1.60) 10.6 (1.10) 83.2 (1.95) 8.9   (1.49) 25.2   (2.26) 47.4 (2.61)
2002 55.1 (1.75) 17.4 (1.33) 26.3 (1.55) 11.0 (1.10) 79.2 (2.15) 8.6   (1.49) 29.8   (2.42) 39.6 (2.59)
2003 54.7 (1.74) 15.4 (1.26) 28.1 (1.57) 10.3 (1.06) 80.6 (1.96) 6.6   (1.23) 29.6   (2.26) 43.4 (2.45)
2004 55.1 (1.71) 17.0 (1.30) 27.1 (1.53) 10.3 (1.05) 81.9 (2.14) 9.0   (1.59) 28.7   (2.51) 43.1 (2.75)
                                     
2005 54.2 (1.69) 15.6 (1.23) 24.2 (1.46) 13.4 (1.16) 82.0 (2.20) 10.8   (1.77) 25.8   (2.50) 44.8 (2.84)
2006 55.3 (1.66) 15.8 (1.22) 28.8 (1.52) 9.2 (0.97) 80.7 (2.26) 8.2   (1.57) 30.0   (2.62) 42.2 (2.82)
2007 54.0 (1.55) 15.2 (1.11) 28.7 (1.41) 9.6 (0.91) 83.4 (1.98) 7.1   (1.36) 33.7   (2.51) 40.9 (2.61)
2008 52.9 (1.43) 14.6 (1.01) 26.9 (1.27) 10.7 (0.89) 74.8 (2.29) 9.7   (1.56) 25.9   (2.31) 37.8 (2.56)
2009 45.4 (1.45) 16.0 (1.07) 20.5 (1.18) 7.8 (0.78) 71.8 (2.36) 10.3   (1.60) 30.6   (2.42) 29.4 (2.39)
                                     
2010 40.6 (1.90) 14.0 (1.20) 19.1 (1.50) 6.8 (0.78) 74.7 (2.51) 11.6   (1.93) 30.1   (2.86) 31.0 (3.08)
2011 45.6 (2.00) 14.7 (1.45) 22.1 (1.47) 8.1 (1.01) 73.6 (2.58) 11.3   (1.73) 27.5   (3.12) 32.4 (3.21)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Excludes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week; therefore, detail may not sum to total percentage employed. "Hours worked per week" refers to the number of hours worked at all jobs during the survey week.
2 Includes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week.
NOTE: Students were classified as full time if they were taking at least 12 hours of classes (or at least 9 hours of graduate classes) during an average school week and as part time if they were taking fewer hours.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, selected years, 1970 through 2011. (This table was prepared November 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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