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Table 273. Number and percentage distribution of course enrollments in languages other than English at postsecondary degree-granting institutions, by language and enrollment level: 2002, 2006, and 2009
Enrollment level and year Total,
all languages
American Sign Language Arabic Chinese French German Greek, Ancient1 Hebrew2 Italian Japanese Korean Latin Portuguese Russian Spanish Other languages
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
All levels                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 1,397,253 60,781 10,584 34,153 201,979 91,100 20,376 22,802 63,899 52,238 5,211 29,841 8,385 23,921 746,267 25,716
2006 1,577,810 78,829 23,974 51,582 206,426 94,264 22,849 23,752 78,368 66,605 7,145 32,191 10,267 24,845 822,985 33,728
2009 1,682,627 91,763 35,083 60,976 216,419 96,349 20,695 22,052 80,752 73,434 8,511 32,606 11,371 26,883 864,986 40,747
                                 
Percent change in enroll-
     ments, 2006 to 2009
6.6 16.4 46.3 18.2 4.8 2.2 -9.4 -7.2 3.0 10.3 19.1 1.3 10.8 8.2 5.1 20.8
                                 
Percentage distribution of
     enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.4 0.8 2.4 14.5 6.5 1.5 1.6 4.6 3.7 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 53.4 1.8
2006 100.0 5.0 1.5 3.3 13.1 6.0 1.4 1.5 5.0 4.2 0.5 2.0 0.7 1.6 52.2 2.1
2009 100.0 5.5 2.1 3.6 12.9 5.7 1.2 1.3 4.8 4.4 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.4 2.4
                                 
Undergraduate level                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 1,360,538 60,660 10,053 33,219 197,374 88,297 14,343 17,251 62,852 51,308 5,100 28,796 7,898 23,151 736,317 23,919
20063 1,536,840 78,083 23,034 50,455 201,663 91,192 16,426 17,474 77,350 65,746 6,908 31,170 9,809 24,096 812,120 31,314
2009 1,644,390 90,937 34,301 59,967 212,178 93,749 15,858 16,606 79,977 72,717 8,163 31,582 10,933 26,287 852,781 38,354
Introductory courses4 1,370,250 83,450 29,650 47,676 172,573 76,317 12,812 11,202 72,403 59,892 6,010 27,273 8,112 19,850 711,032 31,998
Advanced courses4 274,140 7,487 4,651 12,291 39,605 17,432 3,046 5,404 7,574 12,825 2,153 4,309 2,821 6,437 141,749 6,356
                                 
Percent change in enroll-
     ments, 2006 to 2009
7.0 16.5 48.9 18.9 5.2 2.8 -3.5 -5.0 3.4 10.6 18.2 1.3 11.5 9.1 5.0 22.5
                                 
Percentage distribution of
     enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 4.5 0.7 2.4 14.5 6.5 1.1 1.3 4.6 3.8 0.4 2.1 0.6 1.7 54.1 1.8
2006 100.0 5.1 1.5 3.3 13.1 5.9 1.1 1.1 5.0 4.3 0.4 2.0 0.6 1.6 52.8 2.0
2009 100.0 5.5 2.1 3.6 12.9 5.7 1.0 1.0 4.9 4.4 0.5 1.9 0.7 1.6 51.9 2.3
                                 
Graduate level                                
                                 
Number of enrollments                                
2002 36,715 121 531 934 4,605 2,803 6,033 5,551 1,047 930 111 1,045 487 770 9,950 1,797
20063 40,970 746 940 1,127 4,763 3,072 6,423 6,278 1,018 859 237 1,021 458 749 10,865 2,414
2009 38,237 826 782 1,009 4,241 2,600 4,837 5,446 775 717 348 1,024 438 596 12,205 2,393
                                 
Percent change in enroll-
     ments, 2006 to 2009
-6.7 10.7 -16.8 -10.5 -11.0 -15.4 -24.7 -13.3 -23.9 -16.5 46.8 0.3 -4.4 -20.4 12.3 -0.9
                                 
Percentage distribution of
     enrollments
                               
2002 100.0 0.3 1.4 2.5 12.5 7.6 16.4 15.1 2.9 2.5 0.3 2.8 1.3 2.1 27.1 4.9
2006 100.0 1.8 2.3 2.8 11.6 7.5 15.7 15.3 2.5 2.1 0.6 2.5 1.1 1.8 26.5 5.9
2009 100.0 2.2 2.0 2.6 11.1 6.8 12.7 14.2 2.0 1.9 0.9 2.7 1.1 1.6 31.9 6.3
1 The apparent drop in Ancient Greek from 2006 to 2009 may be attributed to changes in reporting. Some premodern Greek language categories, such as Koine Greek and Old Testament Greek, were reported for the first time in 2009. In previous surveys, these languages may have been reported under the category "Ancient Greek."
2 Includes only “Modern Hebrew” and “Biblical Hebrew”; other reported categories of Hebrew courses are excluded.
3 In 2006, a few 2-year institutions reported a total of 226 graduate course enrollments (86 in Spanish and 140 in American Sign Language). In this table, these 226 enrollments are shown as undergraduate enrollments; these enrollments are not included under graduate enrollments.
4 Introductory courses are first- and second-year courses. Advanced courses are third- and fourth-year courses.
NOTE: This table shows course enrollments, not the number of students studying a given language. A single student majoring in a language may be enrolled in more than one class in that language. Unless otherwise indicated, totals for specific languages do not include classical, religious, or regional dialects. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs.
SOURCE: The Modern Language Association of America, MLA historical enrollment data, 2002-09, retrieved July 21, 2011, from http://www.mla.org/about_search_flsurvey. (This table was prepared July 2011.)
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