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Table 186. Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who do homework outside of school, whose parents check that homework is done, and whose parents help with homework, by frequency and selected student and school characteristics: 2003 and 2007
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and selected student or school characteristic Percent of students who do homework outside of school Average hours per week spent by students who do homework outside of school Distribution of students who do homework outside of school by how frequently they do homework Percent of students whose parents1 check that homework is done Distribution of students by how frequently their parents1  help with homework
Less than once a week 1 to 2 days per week 3 to 4 days per week 5 or more days a week No help given Less than once a week 1 to 2 days per week 3 to 4 days per week 5 or more days per week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2003                                                                        
All students 95.6   (0.23) 9.1   (0.19) 2.9   (0.16) 15.1   (0.45) 43.9   (0.61) 38.2   (0.57) 85.2   (0.33)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
All elementary school students
     (kindergarten through grade 8)
96.2   (0.26) 9.2   (0.24) 2.3   (0.18) 12.9   (0.43) 46.5   (0.75) 38.3   (0.73) 94.6   (0.29)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Sex                                                                        
Male 95.8   (0.41) 9.6   (0.36) 2.7   (0.26) 13.5   (0.58) 47.4   (0.95) 36.4   (0.93) 95.6   (0.38)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Female 96.7   (0.32) 8.7   (0.32) 2.0   (0.23) 12.3   (0.61) 45.5   (1.08) 40.3   (1.09) 93.4   (0.52)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 95.9   (0.37) 9.4   (0.30) 2.8   (0.27) 14.9   (0.64) 47.5   (0.97) 34.7   (1.05) 93.1   (0.44)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Black 97.8   (0.51) 8.0   (0.44) 1.4   (0.35) 8.1   (1.02) 47.6   (1.66) 42.9   (1.61) 98.0   (0.79)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 96.3   (0.50) 8.8   (0.57) 1.5   (0.34) 11.8   (0.87) 41.8   (1.37) 44.9   (1.51) 96.4   (0.45)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian 95.1   (1.62) 11.1   (1.44)   (†) 6.9   (1.74) 41.1   (4.96) 51.2   (5.30) 96.6   (1.18)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
School type                                                                        
Public 96.4   (0.25) 9.1   (0.24) 2.5   (0.20) 13.5   (0.47) 47.1   (0.75) 36.9   (0.73) 95.0   (0.28)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Private 94.6   (0.87) 9.6   (0.58) 1.3   (0.31) 8.0   (0.92) 41.8   (1.90) 49.0   (1.81) 91.4   (1.16)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Poverty status                                                                        
Poor 95.7   (0.71) 9.6   (0.63) 1.3   (0.34) 14.3   (1.33) 42.4   (1.87) 42.0   (1.75) 96.9   (0.77)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nonpoor 96.3   (0.28) 9.1   (0.25) 2.6   (0.21) 12.6   (0.45) 47.4   (0.77) 37.5   (0.78) 94.0   (0.31)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
All secondary school students
     (grades 9 through 12)
94.2   (0.52) 8.8   (0.25) 4.1   (0.40) 20.3   (0.94) 37.6   (1.01) 38.0   (1.04) 62.8   (0.86)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Sex                                                                        
Male 91.3   (0.81) 9.0   (0.42) 6.2   (0.72) 23.6   (1.30) 38.1   (1.45) 32.1   (1.15) 66.6   (1.14)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Female 97.2   (0.56) 8.5   (0.27) 2.1   (0.35) 17.0   (1.23) 37.1   (1.35) 43.8   (1.53) 59.0   (1.47)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 94.2   (0.64) 8.8   (0.33) 4.4   (0.49) 20.2   (1.21) 36.3   (1.20) 39.0   (1.32) 55.4   (1.12)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Black 95.3   (1.05) 9.3   (0.78) 3.4   (0.82) 21.2   (2.48) 42.9   (2.56) 32.6   (2.49) 80.0   (2.13)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 92.2   (1.20) 8.1   (0.45) 4.2   (1.15) 20.9   (2.20) 40.1   (2.39) 34.8   (2.45) 78.6   (1.68)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian 100.0   (†) 10.4   (1.48)   (†) 6.7 ! (2.65) 32.8   (5.65) 59.0   (5.76) 52.6   (4.94)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
School type                                                                        
Public 93.9   (0.58) 8.7   (0.27) 4.6   (0.44) 21.7   (1.03) 38.7   (1.06) 35.0   (1.02) 64.3   (0.92)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Private 96.6   (1.06) 9.9   (0.47)   (†) 7.1   (1.90) 26.9   (2.88) 65.9   (2.92) 49.4   (3.51)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Poverty status                                                                        
Poor 90.1   (1.53) 8.6   (0.74) 4.3   (0.97) 23.2   (3.33) 42.3   (3.16) 30.2   (2.83) 75.3   (2.94)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nonpoor 95.0   (0.55) 8.8   (0.28) 4.1   (0.43) 19.8   (0.94) 36.7   (1.11) 39.4   (1.05) 60.5   (0.91)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
Coursework                                                                        
Enrolled in AP classes 98.0   (0.47) 9.6   (0.38) 2.2   (0.46) 13.4   (1.10) 31.9   (1.44) 52.5   (1.66) 53.4   (1.32)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Not enrolled in AP classes 91.5   (0.80) 8.2   (0.34) 5.6   (0.67) 25.4   (1.35) 41.8   (1.43) 27.3   (1.30) 69.7   (1.10)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                         
2007                                                                        
All students 94.4   (0.30) 5.4   (0.06) 3.1   (0.34) 13.1   (0.47) 43.6   (0.62) 40.2   (0.60) 85.4   (0.46) 10.2   (0.41) 20.3   (0.51) 31.7   (0.64) 25.3   (0.59) 12.4   (0.41)
                                                                         
All elementary school students
     (kindergarten through grade 8)
95.0   (0.37) 4.7   (0.07) 2.1   (0.23) 12.3   (0.56) 46.2   (0.73) 39.4   (0.68) 95.0   (0.34) 4.3   (0.34) 13.1   (0.52) 32.6   (0.77) 32.9   (0.76) 17.0   (0.56)
Sex                                                                        
Male 94.6   (0.51) 4.6   (0.09) 2.1   (0.31) 12.4   (0.71) 47.9   (1.19) 37.6   (1.09) 95.3   (0.47) 4.3   (0.39) 12.9   (0.63) 32.3   (1.02) 32.7   (1.28) 17.8   (0.85)
Female 95.4   (0.53) 4.9   (0.10) 2.1   (0.31) 12.2   (0.96) 44.4   (1.13) 41.3   (1.08) 94.6   (0.48) 4.3   (0.56) 13.4   (0.76) 32.9   (1.17) 33.2   (1.17) 16.1   (0.79)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 94.7   (0.48) 4.4   (0.07) 2.7   (0.36) 13.7   (0.74) 48.3   (1.05) 35.3   (0.99) 94.0   (0.42) 3.8   (0.37) 15.7   (0.74) 34.9   (0.94) 31.3   (0.92) 14.3   (0.63)
Black 95.5   (1.07) 5.6   (0.27) 1.3 ! (0.53) 7.0   (1.19) 44.4   (3.40) 47.2   (3.11) 98.1   (0.63) 3.5   (1.03) 7.4   (1.14) 25.2   (2.22) 38.3   (3.36) 25.5   (2.38)
Hispanic 94.8   (0.85) 4.7   (0.11) 1.3   (0.33) 13.5   (1.39) 40.7   (1.94) 44.4   (1.74) 96.1   (0.70) 7.1   (0.95) 10.3   (0.91) 30.1   (1.79) 34.0   (1.78) 18.6   (1.52)
Asian 97.7   (0.97) 5.7   (0.39)   (†) 5.1 ! (1.53) 39.1   (4.31) 54.8   (4.48) 88.5   (3.44) 3.1 ! (1.36) 12.8   (2.84) 37.5   (4.52) 30.7   (4.22) 15.9   (2.56)
                                                                         
School type                                                                        
Public 95.1   (0.38) 4.7   (0.08) 2.0   (0.25) 12.4   (0.62) 46.1   (0.76) 39.4   (0.73) 95.4   (0.36) 4.4   (0.38) 13.1   (0.55) 32.4   (0.86) 32.9   (0.81) 17.2   (0.64)
Private 94.0   (1.01) 4.8   (0.19) 2.7   (0.63) 11.4   (1.96) 46.7   (2.64) 39.2   (2.46) 91.5   (1.19) 3.6   (0.85) 13.6   (1.48) 34.3   (2.10) 33.5   (2.36) 15.2   (1.68)
                                                                         
Poverty status                                                                        
Poor 94.2   (0.99) 4.7   (0.20) 2.9   (0.72) 16.3   (2.18) 39.0   (2.53) 41.7   (2.21) 97.9   (0.55) 6.1   (1.01) 8.8   (1.29) 28.5   (2.44) 35.2   (2.41) 21.3   (1.90)
Nonpoor 95.2   (0.36) 4.8   (0.08) 1.9   (0.22) 11.3   (0.58) 48.0   (0.80) 38.8   (0.75) 94.2   (0.40) 3.9   (0.33) 14.2   (0.56) 33.7   (0.80) 32.4   (0.72) 15.9   (0.58)
                                                                         
Locale                                                                        
City 95.2   (0.65) 5.1   (0.13) 1.5   (0.31) 9.1   (0.91) 43.4   (1.58) 46.0   (1.43) 95.4   (0.54) 4.8   (0.67) 11.3   (1.02) 29.1   (1.39) 36.0   (1.41) 18.7   (1.15)
Suburb 95.4   (0.51) 4.9   (0.11) 1.9   (0.37) 9.3   (0.71) 46.1   (1.24) 42.7   (1.19) 93.5   (0.67) 4.4   (0.55) 14.5   (0.85) 33.1   (1.05) 30.8   (1.14) 17.1   (0.91)
Town 93.0   (1.50) 4.1   (0.14) 2.7   (0.79) 18.8   (1.98) 46.4   (2.29) 32.2   (2.08) 96.0   (1.04) 3.2   (0.80) 14.2   (1.62) 35.7   (2.68) 31.1   (2.31) 15.7   (1.62)
Rural 95.0   (0.85) 4.2   (0.15) 3.2   (0.69) 19.5   (1.79) 50.6   (1.90) 26.8   (1.63) 96.3   (0.72) 4.1   (0.94) 13.1   (1.30) 35.5   (2.29) 32.8   (2.23) 14.6   (1.37)
                                                                         
All secondary school students
     (grades 9 through 12)
93.0   (0.55) 6.8   (0.11) 5.4   (0.85) 14.8   (0.96) 38.0   (1.15) 41.9   (1.18) 64.6   (1.21) 23.1   (1.08) 35.9   (1.26) 29.7   (1.19) 8.8   (0.81) 2.5   (0.34)
Sex                                                                        
Male 91.2   (0.80) 6.0   (0.19) 7.4   (1.53) 18.3   (1.59) 38.2   (1.78) 36.0   (1.64) 67.8   (1.88) 24.1   (1.56) 36.9   (1.97) 29.1   (1.84) 8.2   (1.11) 1.8   (0.41)
Female 94.9   (0.79) 7.5   (0.16) 3.3   (0.72) 11.2   (1.10) 37.7   (1.79) 47.9   (1.85) 61.4   (1.78) 22.0   (1.32) 35.0   (1.44) 30.4   (1.35) 9.3   (1.11) 3.3   (0.60)
                                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                                        
White 94.5   (0.52) 6.8   (0.13) 4.2   (0.58) 12.9   (0.91) 38.6   (1.51) 44.3   (1.42) 57.2   (1.54) 22.5   (1.28) 41.1   (1.36) 27.7   (1.43) 6.3   (0.66) 2.3   (0.42)
Black 91.8   (1.98) 6.3   (0.38)   (†) 20.1   (3.86) 41.0   (4.72) 29.7   (3.43) 83.1   (2.84) 19.5   (2.97) 26.5   (4.77) 34.4   (4.03) 16.7   (4.45) 2.9 ! (1.13)
Hispanic 90.7   (2.11) 6.4   (0.34) 5.9   (1.29) 17.7   (3.55) 36.6   (2.93) 39.9   (3.03) 75.6   (2.71) 26.2   (2.94) 25.8   (2.38) 33.8   (3.49) 11.0   (1.76) 3.3   (1.00)
Asian 93.6   (5.45) 10.3   (1.37) #   (†) 13.8 ! (5.51) 18.5 ! (6.12) 67.7   (7.18) 59.0   (7.69) 26.4   (7.58) 36.1   (7.55) 26.8   (7.61) 7.6 ! (3.11)   (†)
                                                                         
School type                                                                        
Public 92.3   (0.60) 6.5   (0.11) 5.9   (0.96) 15.9   (1.06) 39.7   (1.26) 38.5   (1.17) 66.1   (1.24) 22.8   (1.16) 35.4   (1.29) 30.0   (1.26) 9.1   (0.87) 2.7   (0.37)
Private 98.5   (0.54) 9.3   (0.39) 0.8 ! (0.35) 5.9   (1.34) 24.0   (2.72) 69.4   (2.89) 53.1   (3.98) 25.0   (2.64) 40.1   (3.68) 27.5   (4.07) 6.1   (1.36) 1.4 ! (0.61)
                                                                         
Poverty status                                                                        
Poor 89.5   (2.21) 5.5   (0.32)   (†) 19.2   (3.62) 38.7   (4.32) 33.7   (3.69) 81.0   (3.03) 24.2   (3.80) 24.0   (4.21) 36.1   (3.76) 14.0   (3.21) 1.7 ! (0.63)
Nonpoor 93.7   (0.58) 7.0   (0.12) 4.8   (0.53) 13.9   (0.91) 37.8   (1.27) 43.6   (1.37) 61.4   (1.30) 22.8   (1.05) 38.3   (1.19) 28.5   (1.24) 7.7   (0.66) 2.7   (0.38)
                                                                         
Coursework                                                                        
Enrolled in AP classes 96.9   (0.59) 8.5   (0.22) 2.4   (0.70) 7.5   (0.93) 31.9   (1.81) 58.2   (1.97) 56.3   (2.06) 27.4   (1.90) 36.3   (1.69) 28.3   (1.74) 6.0   (0.99) 1.9   (0.43)
Not enrolled in AP classes 90.6   (0.81) 5.7   (0.13) 7.3   (1.31) 19.5   (1.40) 41.9   (1.56) 31.2   (1.42) 70.1   (1.46) 20.2   (1.14) 35.7   (1.70) 30.7   (1.59) 10.5   (1.23) 2.9   (0.51)
                                                                         
Locale                                                                        
City 92.8   (1.01) 6.8   (0.22) 6.3 ! (2.46) 14.1   (1.90) 35.9   (2.32) 43.7   (2.53) 71.5   (1.89) 22.6   (1.88) 33.4   (2.64) 29.3   (2.00) 12.0   (1.80) 2.7   (0.55)
Suburb 93.6   (0.95) 7.5   (0.17) 4.8   (0.86) 11.4   (1.27) 36.5   (1.71) 47.4   (2.07) 58.9   (2.00) 23.6   (1.74) 39.1   (1.79) 27.8   (1.68) 7.5   (1.01) 2.0   (0.47)
Town 89.7   (2.16) 6.4   (0.27) 5.4   (1.48) 13.2   (1.74) 45.9   (3.46) 35.5   (3.17) 64.8   (3.12) 24.3   (2.81) 34.4   (2.96) 27.9   (3.41) 9.3   (1.80) 4.2 ! (1.54)
Rural 93.9   (1.23) 5.6   (0.29) 5.1   (1.20) 22.7   (2.76) 39.6   (3.04) 32.6   (2.79) 65.5   (2.94) 22.1   (2.69) 34.4   (2.71) 34.8   (3.43) 6.2   (1.53) 2.5 ! (0.88)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Refers to one or more parent or other household adult. Only includes students who had homework outside of school.
NOTE: Includes children enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 and ungraded students. Data based on responses of the parent most knowledgeable about the student's education. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Poverty status was determined based on household income and family size, using weighted averages from Census poverty thresholds. In 2007, for example, households with three members were classified as poor if their income was less than or equal to $15,000 and as nonpoor if their income exceeded $15,000. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Totals include data for other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES:2003 and 2007). (This table was prepared June 2008.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education