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Table 116. Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary students and schools, by traditional or charter school status and selected characteristics: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2010-11
Selected characteristic 1999-2000 Charter schools 2010-11
Total, all public schools Traditional (noncharter) schools Charter schools 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 2007-08 2009-10 Total, all public schools Traditional (noncharter) schools Charter schools
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Enrollment (in thousands) 46,689 46,350 340 571 789 1,013 1,277 1,610 49,178 47,391 1,787
Percentage distribution
   of students
                     
Sex 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Male 51.4 51.4 51.0 50.8 50.3 49.9 49.5 49.5 51.4 51.4 49.5
Female 48.6 48.6 49.0 49.2 49.7 50.1 50.5 50.5 48.6 48.6 50.5
                       
Race/ethnicity 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 61.8 61.9 42.5 42.6 41.8 40.5 38.8 37.3 52.5 53.1 36.2
Black 17.1 16.9 33.5 32.5 31.9 32.1 31.8 30.3 16.0 15.5 28.9
Hispanic 15.9 15.9 19.6 20.1 21.5 22.4 24.5 26.0 23.1 22.9 27.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 4.1 4.1 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.9 5.0 5.0 3.7
American Indian/
    Alaska Native
1.2 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.9
Two or more races 1.4 2.4 2.3 2.9
                       
Percent of students eligible                      
for free or reduced-price                      
lunch program 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 25.0 44.9 45.0 36.9 42.5 33.2 36.1 19.8 20.6 24.1 24.0 27.2
25.1 to 50.0 25.4 25.5 12.7 14.3 17.1 15.9 16.5 18.8 28.9 29.2 18.9
50.1 to 75.0 16.0 16.1 13.0 14.7 16.1 17.4 18.9 20.2 26.6 26.8 20.4
More than 75.0 12.2 12.2 14.3 15.2 18.4 22.0 21.2 30.7 20.1 19.7 30.7
Missing/school does not
    participate
1.4 1.2 23.2 13.3 15.2 8.6 23.6 9.7 0.3 0.2 2.7
                       
Number of teachers1 2,636,277 2,622,678 13,599 23,415 36,406 49,142 69,725 84,983 3,001,994 2,910,869 91,126
Pupil/teacher ratio1 16.6 16.6 18.8 17.7 17.6 17.3 15.9 17.3 16.4 16.4 18.0
                       
Total number of schools 92,012 90,488 1,524 2,348 2,977 3,780 4,388 4,952 98,817 93,543 5,274
                       
Percentage distribution
   of schools
                     
School level 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Elementary2 69.7 70.0 54.6 50.6 52.0 52.1 53.3 54.1 67.9 68.7 54.3
Secondary3 24.3 24.3 25.9 24.2 26.2 28.0 27.8 26.8 24.8 24.8 25.9
Combined4 4.4 4.2 18.6 21.6 21.0 18.6 18.3 18.8 6.2 5.5 19.5
Other 1.6 1.6 0.9 3.6 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.3 1.1 1.1 0.2
                       
Size of enrollment 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Less than 300 31.4 30.7 77.1 73.6 71.1 69.6 65.6 61.5 30.9 29.3 59.0
300 to 499 26.4 26.7 12.0 13.6 15.6 16.5 19.3 20.8 27.8 28.1 22.3
500 to 999 32.6 33.0 8.6 9.9 10.1 10.9 12.0 14.0 32.3 33.4 14.8
1,000 or more 9.5 9.7 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.7 9.0 9.3 3.9
                       
Racial/ethnic concentration                      
More than 50 percent White 70.9 71.2 51.1 50.9 48.7 46.5 43.2 40.3 60.4 61.7 38.4
More than 50 percent Black 11.1 10.8 26.5 23.8 24.5 26.4 26.5 25.8 10.7 9.8 25.4
More than 50 percent Hispanic 8.8 8.7 11.4 12.5 13.6 15.1 17.8 19.8 14.5 14.1 20.8
                       
Percent of students eligible
   for free or reduced-price
   lunch program
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 25.0 42.3 42.3 44.5 47.8 28.7 32.7 20.2 19.3 23.4 23.2 28.3
25.1 to 50.0 25.6 25.9 11.1 11.7 16.0 15.2 15.5 17.2 26.9 27.4 17.4
50.1 to 75.0 16.8 16.9 10.2 12.0 16.0 16.9 18.8 20.9 26.4 26.8 20.1
More than 75.0 11.9 11.9 12.4 13.5 19.9 22.7 22.4 32.8 21.3 20.7 33.1
Missing/school does not
    participate
3.3 3.0 21.9 14.9 19.5 12.5 23.0 9.8 2.0 2.0 1.1
                       
Locale 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
City 52.7 52.5 54.3 54.8 26.2 24.5 55.5
Suburban 22.0 22.2 22.0 21.1 27.4 27.8 21.3
Town 9.6 9.4 8.5 8.0 14.0 14.4 7.6
Rural 15.8 16.0 15.2 16.1 32.3 33.3 15.6
                       
Region 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Northeast 16.1 16.3 7.2 10.1 9.2 9.0 8.6 9.1 15.5 15.9 9.5
Midwest 28.9 29.0 24.9 22.6 23.7 27.4 26.5 24.0 26.4 26.6 23.1
South 33.1 33.2 28.9 28.4 26.7 26.5 28.2 29.5 34.7 35.0 29.5
West 21.8 21.6 38.9 38.9 40.3 37.2 36.6 37.4 23.4 22.5 37.9
—Not available.
1 Data for 2010 include imputations for teachers in California and Vermont.
2 Includes schools beginning with grade 6 or below and with no grade higher than 8.
3 Includes schools with no grade lower than 7.
4 Includes schools beginning with grade 6 or below and ending with grade 9 or above.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1999-2000 through 2010-11. (This table was prepared October 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education