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Table 57.5. Estimated number and percentage of 3- through 5-year-old children, by enrollment status, poverty status, race/ethnicity, and age: 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Poverty status, race/ethnicity, and age Number of
children, in
thousands
Percent distribution of children, by enrollment status
Not enrolled Nursery school or
preschool
Kindergarten or
higher
1 2 3 4 5
Total 12,511   (39.1) 39.5   (0.21) 39.8   (0.21) 20.7   (0.15)
  Less than or equal to 100 percent of poverty
Total 3,306   (28.2) 46.9   (0.35) 31.9   (0.33) 21.2   (0.26)
White 1,028   (14.1) 48.4   (0.60) 32.6   (0.63) 19.0   (0.49)
Black 784   (13.8) 39.7   (0.60) 37.6   (0.62) 22.6   (0.58)
Hispanic 1,219   (17.9) 49.8   (0.63) 27.8   (0.55) 22.4   (0.46)
Asian 64   (3.3) 47.2   (2.53) 26.4   (2.51) 26.5   (2.08)
Pacific Islander 6   (0.9) 58.2   (5.10) 14.9 ! (4.79) 26.8   (4.73)
American Indian/Alaska Native 41   (2.1) 43.6   (2.61) 37.9   (2.50) 18.5   (1.59)
Other 12   (1.9) 39.6   (6.05) 26.0   (5.43) 34.3   (5.57)
Two or more races 153   (5.9) 50.6   (1.92) 32.1   (1.61) 17.2   (1.41)
                         
3-year-olds 1,115   (15.0) 74.6   (0.57) 23.9   (0.57) 1.4   (0.15)
White 346   (6.8) 75.3   (1.01) 23.8   (1.02) 0.9   (0.19)
Black 264   (7.6) 66.3   (1.07) 31.4   (1.08) 2.3   (0.34)
Hispanic 414   (9.7) 80.1   (0.85) 18.7   (0.86) 1.2   (0.23)
Asian 20   (1.6) 70.1   (5.11) 28.9   (5.22)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 13   (1.0) 73.4   (4.34) 25.9   (4.40)   (†)
Other   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 52   (3.2) 72.0   (2.77) 26.3   (2.60) 1.6 ! (0.79)
                         
4-year-olds 1,133   (15.7) 47.7   (0.60) 46.6   (0.58) 5.6   (0.29)
White 350   (8.0) 49.6   (1.10) 46.9   (1.08) 3.5   (0.40)
Black 272   (6.5) 37.4   (1.08) 55.9   (1.13) 6.7   (0.63)
Hispanic 415   (9.5) 51.4   (1.13) 41.5   (1.09) 7.1   (0.55)
Asian 22   (1.6) 57.2   (4.56) 35.6   (3.84) 7.2   (1.86)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 15   (1.2) 43.5   (4.66) 53.3   (4.71) 3.1 ! (1.31)
Other   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 55   (3.3) 56.0   (2.83) 41.7   (2.89) 2.3 ! (0.75)
                         
5-year-olds 1,058   (11.9) 16.7   (0.47) 24.5   (0.54) 58.8   (0.62)
White 333   (6.4) 19.1   (0.88) 26.8   (1.04) 54.1   (1.19)
Black 247   (7.0) 13.9   (0.93) 24.3   (1.18) 61.8   (1.41)
Hispanic 390   (8.9) 16.0   (0.88) 22.8   (0.93) 61.3   (1.01)
Asian 22   (2.2) 15.7   (3.37) 14.7   (2.46) 69.6   (4.09)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 13   (1.0) 14.3   (2.94) 31.4   (3.67) 54.3   (4.24)
Other 5   (1.0)   (†) 21.0 ! (7.96) 67.6   (9.42)
Two or more races 47   (3.5) 20.8   (2.79) 27.1   (3.06) 52.1   (3.60)
  Greater than 100 to 200 percent of poverty
Total 2,856   (36.8) 44.9   (0.45) 33.7   (0.38) 21.4   (0.30)
White 1,217   (15.4) 46.4   (0.68) 35.0   (0.62) 18.6   (0.51)
Black 429   (9.5) 35.9   (1.14) 41.3   (1.17) 22.8   (0.90)
Hispanic 952   (14.1) 47.2   (0.70) 28.7   (0.56) 24.1   (0.61)
Asian 88   (4.2) 40.2   (2.40) 32.0   (2.00) 27.9   (2.31)
Pacific Islander 6   (1.2) 57.8   (8.91) 27.1   (7.98) 15.1 ! (4.76)
American Indian/Alaska Native 26   (1.8) 43.9   (3.10) 35.2   (2.70) 20.9   (2.59)
Other 9   (1.3) 55.1   (6.56) 15.5   (4.21) 29.5   (5.97)
Two or more races 129   (4.7) 45.6   (2.01) 34.8   (2.00) 19.6   (1.57)
                         
3-year-olds 944   (27.3) 73.6   (0.54) 25.4   (0.52) 0.9   (0.14)
White 404   (8.6) 72.6   (0.92) 26.6   (0.91) 0.8   (0.20)
Black 135   (4.5) 64.3   (1.94) 34.5   (1.90) 1.2 ! (0.42)
Hispanic 321   (8.1) 79.4   (1.03) 19.7   (1.00) 0.9   (0.18)
Asian 27   (2.2) 71.5   (3.44) 26.6   (3.18) 1.8 ! (0.81)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 8   (1.1) 71.1   (4.51) 28.5   (4.49)   (†)
Other   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 45   (2.9) 71.4   (3.28) 27.8   (3.22)   (†)
                         
4-year-olds 973   (12.8) 46.7   (0.80) 47.9   (0.78) 5.4   (0.31)
White 415   (8.0) 47.9   (1.17) 49.4   (1.17) 2.7   (0.28)
Black 147   (4.8) 34.3   (1.94) 57.6   (1.75) 8.1   (1.13)
Hispanic 323   (9.2) 50.1   (1.20) 42.4   (1.20) 7.5   (0.61)
Asian 30   (2.6) 46.0   (4.24) 44.6   (4.14) 9.4   (2.49)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 10   (1.1) 42.3   (6.25) 50.1   (5.83) 7.6 ! (3.14)
Other   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 43   (2.6) 50.4   (3.21) 46.2   (3.09) 3.4 ! (1.31)
                         
5-year-olds 939   (21.4) 14.2   (0.40) 27.1   (0.55) 58.7   (0.59)
White 398   (7.5) 18.3   (0.86) 28.4   (0.86) 53.3   (1.08)
Black 147   (6.3) 11.3   (1.27) 31.2   (1.63) 57.5   (1.55)
Hispanic 309   (6.9) 10.7   (0.65) 23.8   (0.99) 65.4   (1.16)
Asian 31   (2.0) 7.2   (1.80) 24.2   (2.63) 68.6   (3.38)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 8   (0.9) 17.5   (3.53) 24.3   (5.04) 58.2   (5.19)
Other   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 41   (2.9) 12.8   (2.18) 30.5   (3.08) 56.7   (3.79)
  Above 200 percent of poverty
Total 6,348   (39.3) 33.3   (0.26) 46.7   (0.23) 20.0   (0.21)
White 4,083   (25.3) 32.5   (0.31) 48.6   (0.28) 18.9   (0.28)
Black 509   (9.8) 30.5   (0.91) 45.8   (0.91) 23.7   (0.77)
Hispanic 1,017   (18.1) 39.1   (0.71) 38.7   (0.66) 22.2   (0.53)
Asian 375   (6.6) 28.7   (0.97) 48.7   (1.00) 22.5   (0.75)
Pacific Islander 9   (1.2) 43.8   (6.11) 31.0   (6.06) 25.1   (6.79)
American Indian/Alaska Native 26   (1.8) 43.0   (2.57) 37.8   (3.32) 19.2   (2.75)
Other 17   (1.6) 27.5   (4.34) 51.7   (4.80) 20.8   (4.03)
Two or more races 311   (7.0) 33.9   (1.20) 48.0   (1.28) 18.1   (0.85)
                         
3-year-olds 2,095   (2.8) 57.6   (0.46) 41.8   (0.44) 0.7   (0.08)
White 1,332   (13.9) 56.4   (0.55) 43.2   (0.55) 0.4   (0.05)
Black 164   (4.9) 53.4   (1.72) 44.8   (1.57) 1.8   (0.52)
Hispanic 342   (9.6) 67.3   (1.12) 31.9   (1.13) 0.8   (0.20)
Asian 124   (4.4) 49.0   (1.87) 49.7   (1.86) 1.3 ! (0.41)
Pacific Islander 3   (0.6) 70.8   (9.81) 14.2 ! (6.61)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 9   (0.9) 70.3   (4.49) 25.3   (4.36)   (†)
Other 5   (1.0) 56.7   (10.33) 43.3   (10.33)   (†)
Two or more races 114   (4.0) 56.2   (1.81) 43.2   (1.81)   (†)
                         
4-year-olds 2,141   (0.0) 31.2   (0.44) 65.3   (0.47) 3.4   (0.16)
White 1,373   (14.2) 30.5   (0.55) 67.1   (0.54) 2.4   (0.15)
Black 175   (5.8) 30.5   (1.72) 63.7   (1.83) 5.8   (0.74)
Hispanic 347   (9.0) 36.8   (1.18) 57.3   (1.19) 5.9   (0.49)
Asian 128   (4.0) 27.4   (1.41) 68.2   (1.27) 4.4   (0.71)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 9   (0.9) 34.0   (5.38) 60.5   (5.58) 5.5 ! (2.28)
Other 6   (0.9) 16.3 ! (5.99) 69.9   (7.95) 13.8 ! (6.49)
Two or more races 101   (3.5) 28.8   (1.68) 68.5   (1.71) 2.7   (0.59)
                         
5-year-olds 2,113   (17.5) 11.3   (0.31) 32.7   (0.40) 56.0   (0.48)
White 1,378   (15.1) 11.4   (0.36) 35.2   (0.49) 53.4   (0.62)
Black 170   (6.2) 8.4   (1.15) 28.4   (1.31) 63.2   (1.54)
Hispanic 328   (8.9) 12.1   (0.84) 26.2   (1.09) 61.7   (1.26)
Asian 124   (4.0) 10.0   (1.18) 27.7   (1.73) 62.4   (1.59)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 8   (0.9) 22.0   (5.48) 25.5   (5.59) 52.5   (6.51)
Other 6   (1.0) 10.5 ! (4.59) 41.4   (8.55) 48.1   (8.79)
Two or more races 96   (3.8) 12.8   (1.70) 32.3   (1.90) 54.9   (2.33)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
NOTE: Poverty status is based on the POVPIP variable in the American Community Survey (ACS). It is the ratio of income to the poverty threshold. POVPIP was not derived for children living in households where they were not related to the householder or living in group quarters. In this table, such children were included in the living below 100 percent of poverty category.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2011. (This table was prepared July 2013.)
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