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Table 409. Selected population and enrollment statistics for countries with populations over 10 million in 2009, by continent: Selected years, 1990 through 2009
Country1 Midyear population (in millions) Persons per square kilo-meter, 2009 First level2 Second level3 Third level4
Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5
1991 2000 2009 1999-2000 2008-09 1990-91 1999-2000 2008-09 1999-2000 2008-09 1990-91 1999-2000 2008-09 1999-2000 2008-09 1990-91 1999-2000 2008-09
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
World total6 5,374 6,095 6,793 52 650,860   701,646   99   99   107   450,736   531,248 7 52   60   68 7 99,485   164,582 7 14   19   27 7
Africa                                                                    
Algeria8  26 30 34 14 4,843   3,253   100   108   108     4,585   61     96     1,150   11     31  
Angola 10 13 17 13     92       355     12   14         1      
Burkina Faso 9 12 16 58 852   1,906   33   45   78   190   468   7   10   20   11 7  48   1   1 7  3  
Cameroon 12 15 19 40 2,237 9  3,351   101   86 9  114   700   1,269   28   27   41   66 7  174   3   4 7  9  
Chad 6 8 10 8 914   1,671   54   66   90   137   422   8 10  11   24   6   20   1 11,12  1   2  
Cote d'Ivoire 13 17 21 65 1,944   2,383   67   73   74   620 7    22   23 7    104 7      6 7   
Democratic Rep. of the Congo 41 52 68 30   10,244   70     90     3,399   21 13    37     380   2     6  
Egypt8 56 65 79 79 7,947 7  10,407   94   93 7  101   8,028 7  6,696   76   76 7  67       16 14,15     
Ethiopia 50 64 85 85 5,847   13,571   33   55   102   1,195   3,926   14   14   34   68     1   1    
Ghana8  16 20 24 105 2,561   3,659   75   83   105   1,057   1,812   36   40   57     203   1 11    9  
Guinea. 7 8 10 41 790   1,390   37   60   90   199 7  560 7  10   16 7  37 7      1      
Kenya8 24 31 40 70 5,035   7,150   95   95   113   1,909   3,204   24 10  39   59   89   168   2 11  3   4  
Madagascar 12 16 21 36 2,208   4,324   103   104   160     1,022 7  18 10    32 7  32   68   3   2   4  
Malawi 10 12 15 160 2,695   3,250   68   135   119   487   667   8   31   30   4     1   #    
Mali 9 11 13 11 1,017   1,926   26   59   95   258 7  686   7   18 7  38   20   77   1   2   6  
Morocco8  24 28 31 70 3,670   3,851   67   92   107   1,541     35   38     276   419   11   9   13  
Mozambique8  13 18 22 28 2,544   5,072   67   75   114   124   598   8   6   23   12     # 12  1    
Niger 8 11 15 12 579   1,554   29   32   62   106 7  257   7   7 7  12     16   1     1  
Nigeria8 99 124 157 173 19,151   21,714   91   95   89   4,290 7    25   25 7        4 11,16     
Rwanda 7 8 11 436 1,432   2,265   70   105   151   130   347   8   11   27   9   55   # 17  1   5  
Senegal 8 9 12 62 1,108   1,653   59   68   84   250     16   16       94   3     8  
South Africa 39 45 49 40 7,445   7,129   122   106   101   4,142   4,688   74   86   94       13 18     
Sudan8  27 34 43 18 2,567   4,744   53   47   74   980   1,837   24   25   38   204 7    3 11  6 7   
Tunisia 8 10 10 67 1,414   1,025   113   115   108   1,104 7  1,202   45   76 7  90   180   360   9   19   34  
Uganda 18 24 32 164 6,559   8,298   74 19,20  127   122   547   1,278 7  13 10,20  16   27 7  56   124   1   3   4  
United Republic of Tanzania 26 34 41 46 4,382   8,442   70   68   105   287 7  1,551 7  5   6 7  27 7      # 13     
Zambia 8 10 13 18 1,590   2,841   99   82   113       24       25 7    2   2 7   
Zimbabwe 10 12 11 29     116           50           5      
                                                                     
Asia                                                                    
Afghanistan8 14 22 28 44 749   4,946   27   22   104     1,716   9     44     95   2     4  
Bangladesh 114 132 154 1,181   16,539 21  72     95 21  10,329     19   44     727   1,295   4   5   8  
Cambodia 10 12 14 81 2,248   2,290   121   102   116   351     32   18     22     1   2    
China 1,164 1,264 1,324 138   103,617   125     113   81,488   100,392   49   61   78   7,364   29,296   3   8   25  
India 854 1,006 1,157 389 113,613     97   94     71,031     44 10  46     9,404     6   10    
Indonesia 185 214 240 133 28,202 7  29,901   115   113 7  121   14,264 7  19,521   44   56 7  79     4,859   9 13    24  
Iran, Islamic Republic of 60 69 76 50 8,288   5,655   112   109   103   9,955   7,929   55   82   83   1,405   3,350   10 14  18   36  
Iraq 17 23 29 66 3,639     111   94     1,224     47 10  37     289     12 17  12    
Japan 124 127 128 350 7,529   7,156   100   100   102   8,782   7,300   97   101   101   3,982   3,874   30 13  48   59  
Kazakhstan 17 16 17 6 1,208   951   87   97   109   2,003   1,741   98   93   95   370   635   40   28   41  
Korea, North (DPR) 21 23 24 201                              
Korea, South (Republic of) 43 47 49 501 4,030   3,482   105   101   104   3,959   3,986   90   97   97   3,003   3,219   39   78   100  
Malaysia 18 23 28 85 3,026     94   97     2,205     56   65     549     7   26    
Myanmar 41 47 53 81 4,858   5,095   106   103   116   2,268   2,813   23   38   53       4 13     
Nepal8 19 25 29 199 3,780 9  4,782   108   118 9    1,348     33   35     94   289   5   4    
Pakistan 122 152 181 235 13,987 21  18,468   61 22  69 21  85     9,433   23     33       3      
Philippines 67 81 98 329     111           73           28      
Saudi Arabia 16 21 25 12   3,255   73     99     2,990 7  44     97 7  404   758   12   22   33  
Sri Lanka8  17 19 21 323   1,619   106     97       74           5 13,23     
Syrian Arab Republic 13 16 22 119 2,775   2,383   108   104   122   1,069   2,664   52   41   75       18      
Taiwan 20 22 23 712                              
Thailand 56 62 66 129 6,101   5,371   99   94   91     4,769   30     76   1,900   2,417   19 12  37   45  
Turkey 58 67 77 100 6,562     99   98     5,658     47   70     1,588 7    13   23 7   
Uzbekistan . 21 25 28 65 2,602   1,996   81   99   92   3,566   4,506   99   88   104   305   301   30   13   10  
Vietnam 69 79 89 286 10,063   6,745   103   106     7,926     32   65     732   1,774   2   10    
Yemen 13 17 23 43 2,464 7    79 16  74 7    1,151 7    23 16  43 7    173 7    4 13  10 7   
                                                                     
Europe                                                                    
Belgium 10 10 10 344 774   732   101   106   103   1,058   810   103   146   108   356   425   40   58   66  
Czech Republic 10 10 10 132 645   460   96   103   103   958   868   91   88   95   254   417   16 24  29   61  
France 59 61 64 101 3,885   4,153   108   105   109   5,929   5,862   99   109   113   2,015   2,173   40   53   55  
Germany25 80 82 82 235 3,656   3,151   101   106   104   8,307   7,741   98   99   102       34      
Greece 10 11 11 82 645     98   96     739     93   89     422     36   51    
Hungary. 10 10 10 112 501   390   95   102   100   1,002   913   79   95   99   307   398   14   37   62  
Italy8  57 58 60 206 2,836     103   103     4,404     83   93     1,770     32   49    
Netherlands8 15 16 16 487 1,279   1,290   102   108   107   1,379   1,462   120   123   121   488   619   40   52   62  
Poland8  38 39 38 127 3,319   2,294   98   99   97   3,988   2,958   81   100   99   1,580   2,150   22   50   71  
Portugal 10 10 11 117 811   744   123   124   112   831   710   67   107   107   374   373   23   48   61  
Romania8 23 22 22 96 1,189   856   91   103   99   2,226   1,862   92   81   94   453   1,098   10   24   67  
Russian Federation 148 147 140 9 6,138     109   106         93       6,331     52   55    
Spain8  39 41 46 93 2,540   2,684   109   105   107   3,246   3,065   104   111   121   1,829   1,801   37   59   73  
Ukraine8  52 49 46 79 2,079   1,532   89   109   98   5,204   3,289   93   99   94   1,812   2,799   47   49   81  
United Kingdom8  58 59 62 256 4,632     104   101     5,315     85   102     2,024   2,415   30   58   59  
                                                                     
North America                                                                    
Canada 28 31 33 4 2,456     103   99     2,519     101   103     1,212     95   59    
Cuba 11 11 11 101 1,046   868   98   111   104   790   826   89   79   90   159   971   21   22   118  
Guatemala 9 11 13 124 1,909     78   104     504     23 13  38         8 12     
Mexico 86 100 111 57 14,766   14,861   114   111   117   9,094   11,475   53   73   90   1,963   2,705   15   20   28  
United States 253 282 307 34 24,973   24,586   102   100   98   22,594   24,525   93   93   94   13,203   19,103   75   68   86  
                                                                     
South America                                                                    
Argentina 34 37 41 15 4,728     106   115     3,428     71   88     1,767 7    38 13  53 7   
Brazil 154 176 199 24 20,212   17,452   106   151     26,097   23,617   38   104     2,781   6,115   11 26  16    
Chile 13 15 17 22 1,799     100   100     1,391     73   83     452     21 13  37    
Colombia 34 39 44 42 5,221   5,299   102   119   120   3,569   4,992   50 13  72   95   934   1,570   13   24   37  
Ecuador 10 12 15 53 1,925     116   115     917     55 27  57         20      
Peru 22 26 29 22 4,338     118   122     2,374     67   85         30      
Venezuela 20 23 27 30 3,328   3,462   96   102   103   1,543   2,252   35   59   82   668   2,123   29   28   78  
                                                                     
Oceania                                                                    
Australia8  17 19 21 3 1,906   1,992   108   101   106   2,589   2,255   82   162   133   845   1,200   35 28  65   82  
—Not available.                                    
#Rounds to zero.                                    
1 Selection based on total population for midyear 2009.
2 First-level enrollment consists of elementary school, typically corresponding to grades 1–6 in the United States.
3 Second-level enrollment includes general education, teacher training (at the second level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to secondary education in the United States, grades 7–12.
4 Third-level enrollment includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the secondary school level.
5 Data represent the total enrollment of all ages in the school level divided by the population of the specific age groups that correspond to the school level. Adjustments have been made for the varying lengths of first and second level programs. Ratios may exceed 100 because some countries have many students from outside the normal age range.
6 Enrollment totals and ratios exclude Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
7 Estimated by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
8 Classification or data coverage of levels has been revised. Data by level may not be comparable over time.
9 Policy change in 1999-2000: introduction of free universal primary education.
10 General education enrollment only. Excludes teacher training and vocational education enrollments.
11 Excludes nonuniversity institutions (such as teacher training colleges and technical colleges) and excludes distance-learning universities.
12 Data for 1992-93.
13 Data for 1991-92.
14 Excludes private institutions.
15 Data refer to universities and exclude Al Azhar.
16 Data for 1993-94.
17 Data for 1985-86.
18 Not including the former Independent States of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei.
19 Estimated.
20 Data refer to government aided and maintained schools only.
21 National estimation.
22 Includes preprimary education.
23 Excludes some nonuniversity institutions.
24 Includes full-time students only.
25 Data include both former East and West Germany.
26 Excludes enrollments in programs formerly classified as doctoral.
27 Including vocational education.
28 Data do not include Vocational Education and Training Institutes (VETS).
NOTE: Data do not include adult education or special education provided outside regular schools. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Statistical Yearbook, 1999; unpublished tabulations; and tables 3B, 5, and 14, retrieved July 12, 2011, from http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/ReportFolders.aspx. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved July 12, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/region.php. (This table was prepared July 2011.)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education