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Table 5. Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1980–81 through 2005–06
Level and control of institution 1980–81 1990–91 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–2000 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All institutions 129,997 131,414 136,465 136,819
Elementary and secondary schools 106,746 109,228 122,059 123,403 125,007 130,007 130,407
Elementary 72,659 74,716 85,157 85,855 86,433 89,277 89,252
Secondary 24,856 23,602 23,530 24,169 24,903 24,884 25,476
Combined 5,202 8,847 11,205 11,412 12,197 14,430 13,931
Other1  4,029 2,063 2,167 1,967 1,474 1,416 1,749
                             
Public schools 85,982 84,538 86,221 87,125 88,223 89,508 90,874 92,012 93,273 94,112 95,615 95,726 96,513 97,382
Elementary 59,326 59,015 60,808 61,165 61,805 62,739 63,462 64,131 64,601 65,228 65,718 65,758 65,984 67,291
Secondary 22,619 21,135 20,904 20,997 21,307 21,682 22,076 22,365 21,994 22,180 22,599 22,782 23,445 23,800
Combined 1,743 2,325 2,764 2,796 2,980 3,120 3,721 4,042 5,096 5,288 5,552 5,437 5,572 5,707
Other1  2,294 2,063 1,745 2,167 2,131 1,967 1,615 1,474 1,582 1,416 1,746 1,749 1,512 584
                             
Private schools2  20,764 24,690 34,394 33,895 32,995 35,895 34,681
Elementary 13,333 15,701 23,992 23,116 22,302 24,049 23,494
Schools with highest grade of kindergarten 7,249 6,493 5,952 6,622 6,297
Secondary 2,237 2,467 2,533 2,487 2,538 2,704 2,694
Combined 3,459 6,522 8,409 8,292 8,155 9,142 8,494
Other1  1,735 (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3)
Postsecondary Title IV institutions 6,669 6,594 6,431 6,407 6,479 6,458 6,354 6,412 6,383 6,463
Public 2,069 2,163 2,090 2,078 2,084 2,099 2,051 2,047 2,027 2,013
Private 4,600 4,431 4,341 4,329 4,395 4,359 4,303 4,365 4,356 4,450
Not-for-profit 2,027 2,007 1,986 1,936 1,950 1,941 1,921 1,913 1,875 1,866
For-profit 2,573 2,424 2,355 2,393 2,445 2,418 2,382 2,452 2,481 2,584
                             
Title IV non-degree-granting institutions 2,660 2,530 2,383 2,323 2,297 2,261 2,186 2,176 2,167 2,187
Public 367 456 409 396 386 386 339 327 327 320
Private 2,293 2,074 1,974 1,927 1,911 1,875 1,847 1,849 1,840 1,867
Not-for-profit 334 300 291 255 255 265 256 249 238 219
For-profit 1,959 1,774 1,683 1,672 1,656 1,610 1,591 1,600 1,602 1,648
                             
Title IV degree-granting institutions 3,231 3,559 3,688 3,706 4,009 4,064 4,048 4,084 4,182 4,197 4,168 4,236 4,216 4,276
2-year colleges 1,274 1,418 1,473 1,462 1,742 1,755 1,713 1,721 1,732 1,710 1,702 1,706 1,683 1,694
Public 945 972 1,036 1,047 1,088 1,092 1,069 1,068 1,076 1,085 1,081 1,086 1,061 1,053
Private 329 446 437 415 654 663 644 653 656 625 621 620 622 641
Not-for-profit 182 167 192 187 184 179 164 150 144 135 127 118 112 113
For-profit 147 279 245 228 470 484 480 503 512 490 494 502 510 528
                             
4-year colleges 1,957 2,141 2,215 2,244 2,267 2,309 2,335 2,363 2,450 2,487 2,466 2,530 2,533 2,582
Public 552 595 605 608 614 615 612 614 622 628 631 634 639 640
Private 1,405 1,546 1,610 1,636 1,653 1,694 1,723 1,749 1,828 1,859 1,835 1,896 1,894 1,942
Not-for-profit 1,387 1,482 1,510 1,519 1,509 1,528 1,531 1,531 1,551 1,541 1,538 1,546 1,525 1,534
For-profit 18 64 100 117 144 166 192 218 277 318 297 350 369 408
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
2 Data for 1980–81 and 1990–91 include schools with first or higher grades. Data for 1995–96 and later years include schools with kindergarten or higher grades.
3 Included in other private school categories.
NOTE: Postsecondary data through 1994–95 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for Title IV degree-granting and non-degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.) Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1989–90 through 2005–06; Private Schools in American Education; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1980–81; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Private School Data File," 1990–91; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1995–96 through 2003–04; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" survey, 1980–81; and 1990–91 through 2005–06 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90–99), and Fall 2001 through Fall 2005. (This table was prepared August 2007.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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