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Table 274. Graduate enrollment in science and engineering programs in degree-granting institutions, by discipline: Fall 1998 through fall 2010
Discipline of engineering or science 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 20071 20081 20091 20101
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total, all science and                                            
engineering disciplines 485,627 2  493,256 2  493,311 2  509,607 2  540,404 2  567,121 2  574,463 2  582,226 2  597,643 2  619,499 631,489 631,645 632,620
Engineering 100,038   101,691   104,112   109,493   119,668   127,377   123,566   120,565   123,041   131,676 137,856 144,677 149,241
Aerospace 3,137   3,349   3,407   3,451   3,685   4,048   4,089   4,170   4,482   4,616 4,902 5,266 5,540
Agricultural 975   986   943   947   952   1,058   1,041   1,059   1,073   1,126 1,233 1,303 1,457
Architecture3                   4,601 5,905 6,804 6,795
Biomedical 2,855   3,069   3,197   3,599   4,338   5,301   5,807   6,067   6,482   6,904 7,339 7,904 8,497
Chemical 7,093   6,883   7,056   6,913   7,414   7,516   7,452   7,173   7,261   7,584 7,892 8,188 8,668
Civil3 16,517   16,226   16,451   16,665   17,713   18,890   18,561   18,114   17,802   16,071 16,931 18,638 19,559
Electrical 31,384   31,822   33,611   36,100   39,948   41,763   38,995   37,450   38,265   40,588 41,164 41,218 41,336
Engineering science 1,701   1,627   1,632   1,798   2,121   2,240   2,198   1,951   2,046   1,806 2,099 2,168 2,071
Industrial/manufacturing 11,221   11,803   12,119   12,940   14,033   14,313   13,852   13,650   13,829   14,474 15,692 15,825 15,205
Mechanical 14,696   14,956   15,235   15,852   17,139   18,393   17,852   17,373   17,919   18,347 19,585 21,243 22,509
Metallurgical/materials 4,680   4,481   4,377   4,721   4,992   5,131   5,059   5,160   5,268   5,314 5,539 5,863 6,274
Mining 304   328   287   240   267   278   308   279   244   222 290 312 419
Nuclear 821   830   792   801   795   885   971   1,013   1,099   1,180 1,201 1,243 1,459
Petroleum 571   642   627   656   766   849   845   808   813   1,014 1,009 1,190 1,295
Other engineering 4,083   4,689   4,378   4,810   5,505   6,712   6,536   6,298   6,458   7,829 7,075 7,512 8,157
                                             
Physical sciences 30,575   30,691   30,385   31,038   32,341   34,298   35,761   36,375   36,901   36,824 37,319 38,149 38,941
Astronomy 820   832   888   916   990   1,080   1,119   1,191   1,211   1,232 1,275 1,409 1,331
Chemistry 18,482   18,416   18,105   18,366   19,045   20,049   20,776   21,101   21,351   21,298 21,574 22,094 22,404
Physics 10,809   10,869   10,841   11,248   11,701   12,555   13,298   13,472   13,722   13,816 13,862 14,060 14,507
Other physical sciences 464   574   551   508   605   614   568   611   617   478 608 586 699
                                             
Earth, atmospheric, and ocean                                            
sciences 14,258   14,083   13,941   13,841   14,240   14,620   15,131   14,836   14,920   14,100 14,389 14,839 15,655
Atmospheric sciences 965   913   963   924   1,036   1,150   1,086   1,146   1,079   1,178 1,400 1,355 1,455
Geosciences 6,687   6,637   6,596   6,544   6,712   6,889   7,358   7,212   7,177   7,020 7,089 7,539 8,251
Oceanography 2,562   2,624   2,668   2,585   2,618   2,695   2,801   2,760   2,770   2,615 2,634 2,633 2,556
Other environmental sciences 4,044   3,909   3,714   3,788   3,874   3,886   3,886   3,718   3,894   3,287 3,266 3,312 3,393
                                             
Family and consumer science/                                            
human science4                   2,780 3,549 3,794 4,191
                                             
Mathematical sciences 16,485   16,257   15,650   16,651   18,163   19,465   19,931   20,210   20,815   20,975 21,400 22,226 23,136
Mathematics and applied                                            
mathematics 13,827   13,521   12,823   13,569   14,702   15,569   15,964   16,106   16,649   16,528 16,449 17,204 17,589
Statistics 2,658   2,736   2,827   3,082   3,461   3,896   3,967   4,104   4,166   4,447 4,951 5,022 5,547
                                             
Multidisciplinary/                                            
interdisciplinary studies4                   4,484 5,559 6,557 7,944
                                             
Neuroscience5                   1,584 2,012 2,356 2,798
                                             
Communication4                   7,303 8,444 9,418 9,825
                                             
Computer sciences 38,027   42,478   47,350   52,196   55,269   53,696   50,016   47,978   47,653   48,246 49,553 51,161 51,546
                                             
Life sciences 149,634   151,345   148,080   150,252   159,356   170,374   178,600   185,553   194,313   188,760 189,033 174,464 166,704
                                             
Agricultural sciences 12,168   12,312   12,023   12,235   12,698   13,197   13,445   13,123   13,016   13,528 14,153 15,200 15,656
                                             
Biological sciences 56,695   56,959   56,282   57,639   61,088   64,701   66,565   68,479   69,941   71,932 72,666 73,304 74,928
Anatomy 785   749   795   735   906   908   897   938   961   867 764 833 849
Biochemistry 5,148   5,101   4,966   4,917   5,190   5,552   5,612   5,814   5,824   5,853 5,473 5,271 5,308
Biology 14,277   13,989   13,407   13,352   13,822   14,770   15,458   15,681   16,463   15,898 16,514 16,840 17,210
Biometry/epidemiology 3,514   3,704   3,615   3,817   4,071   4,439   4,674   4,805   4,789   5,694 5,971 5,739 6,398
Biophysics 737   710   751   877   953   1,032   1,180   1,183   1,203   1,193 1,084 1,042 1,072
Botany 2,042   1,974   1,904   1,921   1,973   1,901   1,831   1,860   1,850   1,821 1,803 1,831 1,863
Cell biology 4,379   4,637   4,820   4,911   5,375   5,689   5,830   6,177   6,553   6,839 7,096 7,153 7,047
Ecology 1,670   1,704   1,762   1,888   1,967   2,230   2,185   2,165   2,162   2,026 2,026 1,746 1,828
Entomology/parasitology 1,168   1,145   1,104   1,170   1,191   1,206   1,241   1,126   1,114   1,078 1,079 1,079 1,116
Genetics 1,727   1,783   1,712   1,841   1,909   2,073   2,129   2,155   2,154   2,120 2,120 2,242 2,333
Microbiology, immunology,                                            
and virology 4,773   4,815   4,814   4,798   5,208   5,256   5,375   5,401   5,324   5,212 5,054 4,968 4,896
Nutrition 4,486   4,508   4,413   4,429   4,539   4,695   4,771   4,817   5,042   4,890 5,177 5,330 5,548
Pathology 1,580   1,580   1,531   1,637   1,613   1,541   1,557   1,593   1,612   1,580 1,618 1,450 1,376
Pharmacology 2,730   2,757   2,963   3,140   3,234   3,357   3,122   3,114   2,985   3,013 3,005 3,163 3,101
Physiology 2,151   2,083   2,015   1,967   2,076   2,328   2,409   2,399   2,416   2,738 2,863 2,866 2,879
Zoology 1,586   1,523   1,445   1,411   1,349   1,301   1,236   1,264   1,145   1,108 925 875 896
Other biosciences 3,942   4,197   4,265   4,828   5,712   6,423   7,058   7,987   8,344   10,002 10,094 10,876 11,208
                                             
Health fields6 80,771   82,074   79,775   80,378   85,570   92,476   98,590   103,951   111,356   103,300 102,214 85,960 76,120
Medical fields5 16,643   17,276   16,407   17,363   19,166   20,574   20,866   21,414   23,441   22,751 23,939 24,125 25,699
Other health fields7 64,128   64,798   63,368   63,015   66,404   71,902   77,724   82,537   87,915   80,549 78,275 61,835 50,421
Dentistry 1,518   1,467   1,430   1,494   1,446   1,654   1,946   1,748   1,614   1,688 1,643 1,770 1,661
Nursing 25,591   25,074   23,457   23,609   24,715   26,649   29,781   31,670   35,846   31,803 30,471 21,355 12,107
Pharmaceutical sciences 2,882   3,422   3,611   3,679   4,538   5,493   5,218   6,091   6,315   5,066 4,251 4,443 4,291
Speech pathology/audiology 13,198   13,600   13,636   13,193   13,368   13,694   14,045   14,821   14,847   16,229 15,968 14,641 14,645
Veterinary sciences 1,288   1,314   1,367   1,476   1,691   1,719   1,732   1,970   2,067   2,371 2,478 2,170 2,211
Other health related 19,651   19,921   19,867   19,564   20,646   22,693   25,002   26,237   27,226   23,392 23,464 17,456 15,506
                                             
Psychology7 52,557   51,727   50,466   50,454   51,152   52,162   54,126   57,282   57,653   59,617 58,991 56,184 53,419
                                             
Social sciences 84,053   84,984   83,327   85,682   90,215   95,129   97,332   99,427   102,347   103,150 103,384 107,820 109,220
Agricultural economics 1,995   2,014   2,079   2,161   2,187   2,318   2,195   2,127   2,158   1,989 2,132 2,222 2,180
Economics (except agricultural) 10,701   10,562   10,748   11,408   12,009   12,316   12,318   11,805   12,132   12,597 12,971 13,993 14,317
Geography 4,326   4,250   4,036   4,304   4,383   4,721   4,809   4,800   4,750   4,660 4,745 4,810 5,059
Linguistics 2,935   2,799   2,674   2,744   2,875   3,028   2,941   3,187   3,074   2,879 3,095 3,170 3,132
Political science 30,828   31,372   31,131   31,805   34,934   36,880   39,023   40,780   41,784   41,349 40,871 43,919 45,045
Sociology and anthropology 17,492   17,340   17,023   17,111   17,146   17,689   17,539   17,616   18,022   18,453 18,988 18,666 18,740
Other social sciences 15,776   16,647   15,636   16,149   16,681   18,177   18,507   19,112   20,427   21,223 20,582 21,040 20,747
†Not applicable.
1 Data for 2007 and later years may not be comparable to previous years’ data because some surveyed fields were reclassified, new fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding.
2 Because three fields were added to the survey in 2007, previous years' totals for all fields are not comparable to the totals for 2007 and later years.
3 Before 2007, architecture was included under civil engineering instead of being reported as a separate field of engineering.
4 Three science fields--family and consumer science/human science, multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, and communication--were added to the survey in 2007; some of the data may have been reported under other fields prior to 2007.
5 Before 2007, neuroscience was included under the health/medical field of neurology instead of being reported as a separate field of science.
6 Excludes enrollments in practitioner-oriented programs, which have the primary purpose of providing the knowledge and skills required for credentials or licensure to practice in a medical or other health field.
7 For 2008 and later years, enrollment declines in psychology and in other health fields such as nursing may be due to more rigorous follow-up with institutions to exclude enrollments in practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs. Examples of excluded programs are those leading to DNP, PsyD, and DPT degrees.
NOTE: The survey on which this table is based includes institutions in other jurisdictions, including Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 1998 through 2010. (This table was prepared September 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education