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Table 112. Number and percentage distribution of public school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, by school level, locale, and student race/ethnicity: 2010-11
School level, locale, and student race/ethnicity Number of students, by percent of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch Percentage distribution of students, by percent of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
Total1 0 to 25.0 percent 25.1 to 50.0 percent 50.1 to 75.0 percent More than 75.0 percent Missing/
school
does not participate
Total1 0 to 25.0 percent 25.1 to 50.0 percent 50.1 to 75.0 percent More than 75.0 percent Missing/
school
does not participate
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total2  49,125,980 11,812,425 14,196,156 13,082,186 9,882,409 152,804 100.0 24.0 28.9 26.6 20.1 0.3
White 25,768,637 8,455,887 9,401,342 6,241,026 1,593,945 76,437 100.0 32.8 36.5 24.2 6.2 0.3
Black 7,853,185 649,756 1,484,328 2,422,481 3,254,766 41,854 100.0 8.3 18.9 30.8 41.4 0.5
Hispanic 11,342,324 1,452,878 2,167,977 3,382,975 4,313,999 24,495 100.0 12.8 19.1 29.8 38.0 0.2
Asian 2,276,823 879,492 587,406 472,406 331,103 6,416 100.0 38.6 25.8 20.7 14.5 0.3
Pacific Islander 169,344 24,283 54,484 57,963 32,488 126 100.0 14.3 32.2 34.2 19.2 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 560,409 63,917 133,286 186,577 176,233 396 100.0 11.4 23.8 33.3 31.4 0.1
Two or more races 1,155,258 286,212 367,333 318,758 179,875 3,080 100.0 24.8 31.8 27.6 15.6 0.3
                         
School level3                         
Elementary 31,576,672 6,943,684 8,081,921 8,627,609 7,867,547 55,911 100.0 22.0 25.6 27.3 24.9 0.2
White 16,165,472 4,940,819 5,403,336 4,460,430 1,326,467 34,420 100.0 30.6 33.4 27.6 8.2 0.2
Black 5,054,333 336,413 767,166 1,423,359 2,515,777 11,618 100.0 6.7 15.2 28.2 49.8 0.2
Hispanic 7,628,668 873,584 1,231,359 2,067,774 3,450,365 5,586 100.0 11.5 16.1 27.1 45.2 0.1
Asian 1,451,965 561,369 344,380 282,663 260,765 2,788 100.0 38.7 23.7 19.5 18.0 0.2
Pacific Islander 108,132 13,414 30,130 36,692 27,824 72 100.0 12.4 27.9 33.9 25.7 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 348,879 29,460 69,472 117,878 131,884 185 100.0 8.4 19.9 33.8 37.8 0.1
Two or more races 819,223 188,625 236,078 238,813 154,465 1,242 100.0 23.0 28.8 29.2 18.9 0.2
                         
Secondary 15,649,903 4,456,387 5,641,237 3,901,591 1,588,854 61,834 100.0 28.5 36.0 24.9 10.2 0.4
White 8,673,856 3,241,782 3,695,816 1,507,621 197,349 31,288 100.0 37.4 42.6 17.4 2.3 0.4
Black 2,448,457 280,400 666,065 898,159 587,929 15,904 100.0 11.5 27.2 36.7 24.0 0.6
Hispanic 3,248,310 513,986 852,183 1,177,903 694,137 10,101 100.0 15.8 26.2 36.3 21.4 0.3
Asian 751,607 294,400 225,170 171,943 56,854 3,240 100.0 39.2 30.0 22.9 7.6 0.4
Pacific Islander 53,272 9,354 22,723 17,969 3,181 45 100.0 17.6 42.7 33.7 6.0 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 178,574 30,020 58,890 57,941 31,560 163 100.0 16.8 33.0 32.4 17.7 0.1
Two or more races 295,827 86,445 120,390 70,055 17,844 1,093 100.0 29.2 40.7 23.7 6.0 0.4
                         
School locale4                         
City 14,408,282 2,072,790 3,070,612 3,795,892 5,411,392 57,596 100.0 14.4 21.3 26.3 37.6 0.4
White 4,360,410 1,104,520 1,524,159 1,137,393 589,072 5,266 100.0 25.3 35.0 26.1 13.5 0.1
Black 3,632,597 161,462 466,915 962,738 2,008,487 32,995 100.0 4.4 12.9 26.5 55.3 0.9
Hispanic 4,940,597 470,057 723,088 1,302,220 2,428,018 17,214 100.0 9.5 14.6 26.4 49.1 0.3
Asian 953,633 253,657 222,509 240,474 236,035 958 100.0 26.6 23.3 25.2 24.8 0.1
Pacific Islander 50,132 6,354 11,143 18,057 14,533 45 100.0 12.7 22.2 36.0 29.0 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 115,689 14,907 27,620 32,609 40,444 109 100.0 12.9 23.9 28.2 35.0 0.1
Two or more races 355,224 61,833 95,178 102,401 94,803 1,009 100.0 17.4 26.8 28.8 26.7 0.3
                         
Suburban 16,855,686 6,233,492 4,690,941 3,515,302 2,353,208 62,743 100.0 37.0 27.8 20.9 14.0 0.4
White 9,021,681 4,594,699 2,797,961 1,265,892 318,148 44,981 100.0 50.9 31.0 14.0 3.5 0.5
Black 2,403,875 329,356 615,990 787,109 665,065 6,355 100.0 13.7 25.6 32.7 27.7 0.3
Hispanic 3,861,862 641,961 832,666 1,158,384 1,223,481 5,370 100.0 16.6 21.6 30.0 31.7 0.1
Asian 977,898 483,159 248,929 165,616 75,682 4,512 100.0 49.4 25.5 16.9 7.7 0.5
Pacific Islander 69,272 12,938 24,082 20,336 11,859 57 100.0 18.7 34.8 29.4 17.1 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 87,536 21,402 30,109 23,268 12,601 156 100.0 24.4 34.4 26.6 14.4 0.2
Two or more races 433,562 149,977 141,204 94,697 46,372 1,312 100.0 34.6 32.6 21.8 10.7 0.3
                         
Town 5,838,611 651,026 2,120,711 2,153,680 896,898 16,296 100.0 11.2 36.3 36.9 15.4 0.3
White 3,873,796 526,509 1,709,541 1,369,610 254,860 13,276 100.0 13.6 44.1 35.4 6.6 0.3
Black 612,348 18,754 93,713 241,949 256,467 1,465 100.0 3.1 15.3 39.5 41.9 0.2
Hispanic 997,286 72,041 200,333 396,236 327,819 857 100.0 7.2 20.1 39.7 32.9 0.1
Asian 84,699 11,655 34,603 29,343 8,980 118 100.0 13.8 40.9 34.6 10.6 0.1
Pacific Islander 26,372 949 10,466 12,340 2,609 8 100.0 3.6 39.7 46.8 9.9 #
American Indian/Alaska Native 117,615 9,401 29,166 50,987 28,012 49 100.0 8.0 24.8 43.4 23.8 #
Two or more races 126,495 11,717 42,889 53,215 18,151 523 100.0 9.3 33.9 42.1 14.3 0.4
                         
Rural 12,015,228 2,853,534 4,310,024 3,615,187 1,220,314 16,169 100.0 23.7 35.9 30.1 10.2 0.1
White 8,507,674 2,229,300 3,367,259 2,466,662 431,539 12,914 100.0 26.2 39.6 29.0 5.1 0.2
Black 1,203,021 139,952 306,989 430,444 324,597 1,039 100.0 11.6 25.5 35.8 27.0 0.1
Hispanic 1,541,521 268,692 411,366 525,794 334,615 1,054 100.0 17.4 26.7 34.1 21.7 0.1
Asian 260,251 130,725 81,324 36,969 10,405 828 100.0 50.2 31.2 14.2 4.0 0.3
Pacific Islander 23,561 4,042 8,791 7,227 3,485 16 100.0 17.2 37.3 30.7 14.8 0.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 239,499 18,203 46,364 79,705 95,145 82 100.0 7.6 19.4 33.3 39.7 #
Two or more races 239,701 62,620 87,931 68,386 20,528 236 100.0 26.1 36.7 28.5 8.6 0.1
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes students enrolled in schools that did not report free or reduced-price lunch eligibility.
2 Excludes 51,637 students whose race/ethnicity was not available. Includes students who attended combined elementary/secondary schools and schools not reported by grade span, which are not shown separately.
3 Combined elementary/secondary schools and schools not reported by grade span are not shown separately.
4 Excludes 8,173 students who attended schools for which locale information was not available.
NOTE: The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program. To be eligible for free lunch under the program, a student must be from a household with an income at or below 130 percent of the poverty threshold; to be eligible for reduced-price lunch, a student must be from a household with an income between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty threshold. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2010–11. (This table was prepared October 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education